Vol.53, No.4, 2019-Table of Contents
  • Leak Detection of Gas Pipelines Based on Characteristics of Acoustic Leakage and Interfering Signals
  • Abstract When acoustic method is used in leak detection for natural gas pipelines, the external interferences including operation of compressor and valve, pipeline knocking, etc., should be distinguished with acoustic leakage signals to improve the accuracy and reduce false alarms. In this paper, the technologies of extracting characteristics of acoustic signals were summarized. The acoustic leakage signals and interfering signals were measured by experiments and the characteristics of time-domain, frequency-domain and time-frequency domain were extracted. The main characteristics of time-domain are mean value, root mean square value, kurtosis, skewness and correlation function, etc. The features in frequency domain were obtained by… More
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  • Experimental and Numerical Investigation on the External Aerodynamic Noise of High-Speed Train
  • Abstract Aerodynamic noise is the dominant noise source of the high-speed train. It not only seriously affects the passenger comfort and people’s normal life along the railway line, but also may cause fatigue damage to the surrounding equipment and buildings. This manuscript carried out the simulation and experimental study on the external aerodynamic noise of high-speed train, in order to increase the understanding of the noise and hence to be better able to control it. The on-line tests were performed to verify that it is reasonable to simplify the high-speed train model. The turbulent air flow model was then developed, and… More
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  • Theoretical Study of the Energies of the Oscillating System with a Well- Distributed Mass of the Spring
  • Abstract The energy of a spring with a well-distributed mass ms is theoretically studied in this paper. The solution of the wave equation is derived in detail, and then the kinetic energy and potential energy of the spring are studied with the wave equation, as well as the kinetic energy of the oscillating mass M. The kinetic energy and potential energy of the spring, and total energy are numerically simulated for different ratios ms/M with considering the spring’s mass, which makes the property of energy of the oscillating system understood easily. More
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  • Multiple Scattering Between Adjacent Sound Sources in Head-Related Transfer Function Measurement System
  • Abstract To accelerate head-related transfer functions (HRTFs) measurement, two or more independent sound sources are usually employed in the measurement system. However, the multiple scattering between adjacent sound sources may influence the accuracy of measurement. On the other hand, the directivity of sound source could induce measurement error. Therefore, a model consisting of two spherical sound sources with approximate omni-directivity and a rigid-spherical head is proposed to evaluate the errors in HRTF measurement caused by multiple scattering between sources. An example of analysis using multipole re-expansion indicates that the error of ipsilateral HRTFs are within the bound of ± 1.0 dB… More
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  • Measurements in Situ and Spectral Analysis of Wind Flow Effects on Overhead Transmission Lines
  • Abstract In the paper an important issue of vibrations of the transmission line in real conditions was analyzed. Such research was carried out by the authors of this paper taking into account the cross-section of the cable being in use on the transmission line. Analysis was performed for the modern ACSR high voltage transmission line with span of 213.0 m. The purpose of the investigation was to analyze the vibrations of the power transmission line in the natural environment and compare with the results obtained in the numerical simulations. Analysis was performed for natural and wind excited vibrations. The numerical model… More
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