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Damage Monitoring of Ultrasonically Welded Aluminum / CFRP-Joints during Cyclic Loading via Electrical Resistance Measurements

F. Balle1, S. Huxhold1, G. Wagner1, D. Eifler1
1 Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Kaiserslautern, Germany

Structural Durability & Health Monitoring 2012, 8(4), 359-370. https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2012.008.359

Abstract

Aluminum alloys and carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) are two important materials for lightweight design and the combination of these dissimilar materials becomes increasingly important. Recent investigations have shown that ultrasonic metal welding is a well suited process to realize aluminum/CFRP-joints.The ultrasonic shear oscillation parallel to the welding zone with a simultaneous welding force perpendicular to the aluminum/CFRP-sheets melts the polymer matrix and squeezes the polymer matrix out of the welding zone. This allows a direct contact between the carbon fibers and the aluminum. Beside monotonic properties the cyclic deformation behavior of these ultrasonically welded aluminum/CFRP-joints is essential. Therefore in addition to monotonic shear load tests, fatigue experiments with constant force amplitudes and load-increase-tests were performed on a servo hydraulic test system with a frequency of 5 Hz. The electrical conductivity between carbon fibers and the metal sheet was used to determine changes in the electrical resistance DR during cyclic loading.The investigations have proved that in comparison to the measurement of the displacement amplitude, the change of DR is much more reliable because of the direct response of the deformation process in the joint.

Keywords

Ultrasonic welding, aluminum, CFRP, hybrid joints, fatigue, electrical resistance

Cite This Article

Balle, F., Huxhold, S., Wagner, G., Eifler, D. (2012). Damage Monitoring of Ultrasonically Welded Aluminum / CFRP-Joints during Cyclic Loading via Electrical Resistance Measurements. Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, 8(4), 359–370.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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