Vol.13, No.1, 2019-Table of Contents
  • System Identification of Heritage Structures Through AVT and OMA: A Review
  • Abstract In this review article, the past investigations carried out on heritage structures using Ambient Vibration Test (AVT) and Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) for system identification (determination of dynamic properties like frequency, mode shape and damping ratios) and associated applications are summarized. A total of 68 major research studies on heritage structures around the world that are available in literature are surveyed for this purpose. At first, field investigations carried out on heritage structures prior to conducting AVT are explained in detail. Next, specifications of accelerometers, location of accelerometers and optimization of accelerometer networks have been elaborated with respect to the… More
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  • Multi-Mode Guided Waves Based Reference-Free Damage Diagnostic Imaging in Plates
  • Abstract Probability-based diagnostic imaging (PDI) is one of the most well-known damage identification methods using guided waves. It is usually applied to diagnose damage in plates. The previous studies were dependent on the certain damage index (DI) which is always calculated from the guided wave signals. In conventional methods, DI is simply defined by comparing the real-time data with the baseline data as reference. However, the baseline signal is easily affected by varying environmental conditions of structures. In this paper, a reference-free diagnostic imaging method is developed to avoid the influence of environmental factors, such as temperature and load conditions. The… More
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  • Mechanical Behaviors and Deformation Properties of Retaining Wall Formed by Grouting Mould-Bag Pile
  • Abstract The simplified mechanical model and finite element model are established on the basis of the measured results and analysis of the grouting pile deformation monitoring, surface horizontal displacement and vertical displacement monitoring, deep horizontal displacement (inclinometer) monitoring, soil pressure monitoring and seepage pressure monitoring in the lower reaches of Wuan River regulation project in Shishi, Fujian Province. The mechanical behavior and deformation performance of mould-bag pile retaining wall formed after controlled cement grouting in the silty stratum of the test section are analyzed and compared. The results show that the use of controlled cement grouting mould-bag pile technology is to… More
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  • A Fatigue Damage Model for FRP Composite Laminate Systems Based on Stiffness Reduction
  • Abstract This paper introduces a stiffness reduction based model developed by the authors to characterize accumulative fatigue damage in unidirectional plies and (0/θ/0) composite laminates in fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composite laminates. The proposed damage detection model is developed based on a damage evolution mechanism, including crack initiation and crack damage progress in matrix, matrix-fiber interface and fibers. Research result demonstrates that the corresponding stiffness of unidirectional composite laminates is reduced as the number of loading cycles progresses. First, three common models in literatures are presented and compared. Tensile viscosity, Young’s modulus and ultimate tensile stress of composites are incorporated as… More
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  • Influence of Water Stability on Bond Performance Between Magnesium Phosphate Cement Mortar and Steel Fibre
  • Abstract The fibre pullout test was conducted to investigate the influence of the water stability on the bond behaviour between the Magnesium phosphate cement (MPC) matrix and the steel fibre. The composition of the MPC-matrix and the immersion age of the specimens are experimentally investigated. The average bond strength and the pullout energy are investigated by analysing the experimental results. In addition, the microscopic characteristics of the interface transition zone are investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The experimental results showed that the bond performance between the MPC-matrix and the steel fibre decreased significantly with the increase of the duration of… More
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