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  • Preparation and Performance of a Fluorine-Free and Alkali-Free Liquid Accelerator for Shotcrete
  • Abstract Based on aluminum sulfate, a fluorine-free and alkali-free liquid accelerator (FF-AF-A) was prepared in this study. The setting time and compressive strength of three cement types with different FF-AF-A dosages were fully investigated. The compatibility of the FF-AF-A with the superplasticizers were also investigated, and the early hydration behavior and morphology of the hydration products of reference cement paste with the FF-AF-A were explored by hydration heat, X-ray diffractometry (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Test results indicated that adding the FF-AF-A at 8 wt% of the cement weight resulted in 2 min 35 s initial setting time and 6…
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  • Effect of Alkaline Electrolyzed Water on Performance Improvement of Green Concrete with High Volume of Mineral Admixtures
  • Abstract The strength and durability of concrete will be significantly reduced at high volume of mineral admixture, and the poor early strength of concrete also still needs to be solved. In this investigation, a highly active alkaline electrolyzed waters was used as mixing water to improve the early strength and enhance the durability of green concrete with high volume mineral admixture, the influences of alkaline electrolyzed water (AEW) on hydration activity of mineral admixture and durability of concrete were determined. The results showed that compared with natural tap water, AEW can accelerate early hydration process of cement in concrete and produce…
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  • In Silico Disulfide Bond Engineering to Improve Human LEPTIN Stability
  • Abstract Enhancing the stability of biomolecules is one of the hot topics in industry. In this study, we enhanced the stability of an important protein called LEPTIN. LEPTIN is a hormone secreted by fat cells playing an essential role in body weight and composition, and its deficiency can result in several disorders. The treatment of related LEPTIN dysfunctions is often available in the form of injection. To decrease the cost and the frequency of its applications can be achieved by increasing its lifetime through engineering LEPTIN. In this study, to engineer LEPTIN, we have introduced disulfide bonds. Disulfide By Design server…
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  • Preparation of Porous Materials Derived from Waste Mussel Shell with High Removal Performance for Tableware Oil
  • Abstract In this work, carbonized mussel shell powder (CMSP) was modified by alkyl polyglucosides (APG) and rhamnolipid (RL) to render porous biomass a lipophilic surface, which was innovatively utilized as an environmentally friendly tableware cleaning material. The modified method was two-step hydrotherm-assisted synthesis. A contact angle meter was used to determine the surface hydrophobic property of modified samples (MTAR). The pore and the surface structure of CMSP and MTAR were characterized by BET, SEM, XRD, FTIR and XPS. The effect of removing oil was tested by gravimetric method. The results showed that the surface of MTAR was more porous and fluffier…
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  • Effect of Mitigating Strength Retrogradation of Alkali Accelerator by the Synergism of Sodium Sulfate and Waste Glass Powder
  • Abstract This work aims to utilize waste glass powder (WGP) as a plementary material to mitigate the strength shrinkage caused by the alkaline accelerator. Waste glass power was used to replace cement by 0%, 10%, and 20% to evaluate waste glass powder on the alkaline accelerator’s strength retrogradation. The results show that the strength improvement effect of unitary glass powder is inconspicuous. Innovative methods have been proposed to use sodium sulfate and waste glass powder synergism, using the activity of amorphous silica in glass powder. Compared with the reference group, the compressive strength of 28d mortar increases by 67% when the…
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  • Treatment of Agate Dyeing Wastewater Using an Immobilized Gel Mixture with Nano-Fe3O4 Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria
  • Abstract To solve the problems of high Cr6+, Cr3+, SO42– and H+ concentrations, pollution and processing costs associated with agate dyeing industrial drainage, we prepared an immobilized gel mixture for the treatment of such drainage on the basis of microbial immobilization technology. The immobilized gel mixture was composed of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB), corn cob, and nano-Fe3O4 (nFe3O4). We used a single-factor experiment to determine the optimal dose of each matrix component. We analyzed the mechanism underlying the treatment of agate dyeing wastewater with an immobilized gel mixture by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy detection. The results of the single-factor test…
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  • Adaptive Relay Selection Scheme for Minimization of the Transmission Time
  • Abstract As the installation of small cells increases, the use of relay also increases. The relay operates as a base station as well as just an amplifier. As the roles and types of relays become more diverse, appropriate relay selection technology is an effective way to improve communication performance. Many researches for relay selection have been studied to secure the reliability of relay communication. In this paper, the relay selection scheme is proposed for a cooperative system using decode-and-forward (DF) relaying scheme in the mobile communication system. To maintain the transmission rate, the proposed scheme classifies a candidate group considering the…
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  • Breast Lesions Detection and Classification via YOLO-Based Fusion Models
  • Abstract With recent breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, the use of deep learning models achieved remarkable advances in computer vision, ecommerce, cybersecurity, and healthcare. Particularly, numerous applications provided efficient solutions to assist radiologists for medical imaging analysis. For instance, automatic lesion detection and classification in mammograms is still considered a crucial task that requires more accurate diagnosis and precise analysis of abnormal lesions. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end system, which is based on You-Only-Look-Once (YOLO) model, to simultaneously localize and classify suspicious breast lesions from entire mammograms. The proposed system first preprocesses the raw images, then recognizes abnormal regions as…
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  • Resource Assessment of Wind Energy Potential of Mokha in Yemen with Weibull Speed
  • Abstract The increasing use of fossil fuels has a significant impact on the environment and ecosystem, which increases the rate of pollution. Given the high potential of renewable energy sources in Yemen and other Arabic countries, and the absence of similar studies in the region. This study aims to examine the potential of wind energy in Mokha region. This was done by analyzing and evaluating wind properties, determining available energy density, calculating wind energy extracted at different altitudes, and then computing the capacity factor for a few wind turbines and determining the best. Weibull speed was verified as the closest to…
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  • Modeling of Heart Rate Variability Using Time-Frequency Representations
  • Abstract The heart rate variability signal is highly correlated with the respiration even at high workload exercise. It is also known that this phenomenon still exists during increasing exercise. In the current study, we managed to model this correlation during increasing exercise using the time varying integral pulse frequency modulation (TVIPFM) model that relates the mechanical modulation (MM) to the respiration and the cardiac rhythm. This modulation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) is able to simultaneously decrease sympathetic and increase parasympathetic activity. The TVIPFM model takes into consideration the effect of the increasing exercise test, where the effect of a…
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