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  • A short review of the genes involved in the development and progression of colorectal cancer
  • Abstract The extent and aggression of colorectal cancer is a worldwide public health threat. Extensive research has been conducted on the pre-requisites leading to this fatal cancer. An array of genes along with their mutations and the signal transduction pathways leading to the cellular transformation into the cancerous cells have been investigated. Based on the knowledge gained so far, present review shortly discussed the role of the major genes especially those are involved in instigating abnormalities in the cellular cycles, cellular proliferation and differentiation. A simple but novel molecular scheme of the colorectal cancer development has also been plotted.
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  • Application of photodynamic therapy in cancer: challenges and advancements
  • Abstract Although great achievements have been made in the past decades in medicine, cancer remains a worldwide public health issue. Surgery is usually accompanied by shortcomings such as residual lesions and poor treatment effects, and the successive appearance of other treatment methods, such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy, has not changed the postoperative recurrence rate, toxicity, and side effects. However, the advent of photodynamic therapy has greatly improved this situation. Photodynamic therapy is an emerging tumor diagnosis and treatment technology with good application prospects, photodynamic therapy uses a specific wavelength of light to excite a photosensitizer to generate reactive oxygen species, damage…
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  • Epigenetic regulation−The guardian of cellular homeostasis and lineage commitment
  • Abstract Stem cells constitute the source of cells that replenishes the worn out or damaged cells in our tissue and enable the tissue to carry out the destined function. Tissue-specific stem cells are compartmentalized in a niche, which keeps the stem cells under quiescent condition. Thus, understanding the molecular events driving the successful differentiation of stem cells into several lineages is essential for its better manipulation of human applications. Given the developmental aspects of the cell, the cellular function is greatly dependent on the epigenomics signature that in turn governs the expression profile of the cell. The stable inheritance of the…
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  • Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosome as a nano weapon to target the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Abstract In these times of despair when a nano-sized organism, the SARS-CoV-2, has rendered the human race helpless, made the global health status decline, and drowned the world economy, a ray of hope comes from another nano-sized particle, the exosome. The potential of mesenchymal stem cells has already been established in COVID-19; however, cell-based therapy has its risks. We thereby propose cell-free therapy using stem cells-derived exosomes to fight against COVID-19, as they can be a game-changer owing to their immunomodulatory nature, which combats the cytokine storm characterizing this disease, and their practical efficiency, which will realistically aid large access to…
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  • Study on the clinical significance of TRPV2 and MMP2 expressions in ovarian cancer
  • Abstract Ovarian cancer was one of the most common malignant tumors in female reproductive organs. Moreover, epithelial ovarian cancer showed the highest mortality rate in gynecological tumors, posing serious threats to women’s life and health. Transient Receptor Potential Cation Channel Subfamily V Member 2 (TRPV2) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 MMP-2 have been found to play important roles in regulating the pathogenesis of most tumors, but there were few studies exploring the relationships of TRPV2 and MMP-2 in OC. Therefore, we evaluated the expression of TRPV2 and MMP-2 proteins in cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues of OC patients. Immunohistochemistry was used to…
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  • Synergetic effects of shock waves with polydeoxyribonucleotides on rotator cuff tendon tear in a rabbit model
  • Abstract This work aimed to investigate the synergetic therapeutic effects of polydeoxyribonucleotides (PDRN) combined with extracorporeal shock waves therapy (ESWT) and the effects of the therapy according to ESWT sequences on a chronic traumatic full-thickness rotator cuff tear (RCT) in rabbit models. For this purpose, thirty-two rabbits were randomly allocated into 4 groups. An excision was made to create a 5-mm sized full-thickness RCT right proximal to the insertion site on the supraspinatus. After 6 weeks, 4 different procedures (normal saline, Group 1; PDRN injection, Group 2; PDRN injection before ESWT, Group 3; PDRN injection after ESWT, Group 4) were performed.…
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  • Human adipose, placenta, and umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells ameliorate imiquimod-induced psoriatic mice via reducing T cells infiltration
  • Abstract Psoriasis is an autoimmune-related chronic inflammatory disease with an approximate prevalence of 2–3% around the world, involving increased keratinocyte proliferation. Indeed, Th17 cells and IL-17 play critical roles in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. The monoclonal antibodies against cytokines have been shown to have effectively immunosuppressive effects on human psoriasis. However, there are still some patients that have no response to these treatments. Some patients have even serious side-effects which may affect their life. Mesenchymal stem cells have the ability of immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory effects, which may be an alternative therapy with more safety and efficacy for human psoriasis. Moreover, the…
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  • Chemokine Ligand 13 Expression is Abundant in the Tumor Microenvironment and Indicates Poor Prognosis of Kidney Clear Cell Carcinoma
  • Abstract The chemokine ligand 13-chemokine receptor 5 (CXCL13-CXCR5) axis has been characterized as a critical tumor-promoting signaling pathway in the tumor microenvironment (TME) in multiple types of solid tumors. In this study, we analyzed the expression profile of CXCL13 in kidney clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) and its correlation with tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TIICs). A monoclonal antibody against CXCL13 with high affinity and purity was generated in our lab for western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Bioinformatic analysis was performed based on bulk-seq data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-KIRC and single-cell RNA-seq data from scRNASeqDB and PanglaoDB. Results showed that high CXCL13
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  • Tet methylcytosine dioxygenase 2 suppresses renal cell cancer proliferation and metastasis by regulating the miR-200c-SCD axis
  • Abstract Tet methylcytosine dioxygenase 2 (TET2) acts as an antioncogene that is investigated in different cancers. But the effects of TET2 in renal cell cancer (RCC) is still known little. Here, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), Western blot, and immunofluorescence were performed to exam gene and protein expression. Cell proliferation was measured using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8). Transwell assay was performed to detect cell metastasis viability. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze the cell cycle and cell apoptosis. The effects of TET2 on RCC growth in vivo was analyzed using a mouse xenograft model.We found that TET2 and miR-200c were decreased in…
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  • Thymidylate synthase confers pemetrexed resistance of non-small cell lung cancer cells by EGFR/PI3K/AKT pathway
  • Abstract Chemotherapy drug resistance is the main cause leading to the relapse and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Our study aimed to investigate the mechanism of pemetrexed resistance in NSCLC. Firstly, the pemetrexed (PEM)-resistant PC-9 and A549 lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (PC-9/PEM and A549/PEM) were established. The expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) in PC-9/PEM, A549/PEM, A549, and PC-9 cells were analyzed by qRT-PCR and western blot. Then, cell viability, colony formation, migration, and invasion were performed on PEM-resistant cells transfected with TS siRNA. The role of EGFR in PEM resistance of PEM-resistant cells was investigated using EGFR siRNA.…
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