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  • TRIP13 is identified as a prognosis biomarker for renal clear cell carcinoma and promotes renal cell carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion
  • Abstract This work aimed to discover new therapeutic targets in renal clear cell carcinoma by bioinformatics and detect the effect of candidate gene TRIP13 in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Differentially expressed mRNAs were screened based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC) databases, and functional enrichments, survival analysis, receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), and Protein–Protein Interaction (PPI) protein interaction analysis were performed by R software to screen the candidate gene TRIP13. Then, the expression of candidate gene TRIP13 in 92 pairs of cancer and adjacent normal tissues of renal clear cell carcinoma…
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  • Lactate reloaded–reevaluation of the importance of lactate monitoring in the management of adult sepsis in the emergency department
  • Abstract For about a quarter of a century, monitoring lactate levels and/or lactate clearance has been an unquestionable cornerstone in sepsis management. The elevated lactate level appeared to be an independent predictor of mortality, and the consequent metabolic acidosis was thought to explain a number of pathophysiological changes seen in septic shock. Recent physiological and clinical findings seem to challenge the adverse role of lactic acidosis in sepsis. Evidence suggests that lactate levels are not necessarily directly proportional to either tissue or cellular hypoxia, and conversely, despite high lactate levels, increased peripheral tissue oxygen pressure can be measured in adult patients…
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  • Loss of the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Rad6B disturbs mitochondrial function and cellular homeostasis in mouse skin
  • Abstract Various factors can induce cell degeneration by altering the phenotype and metabolism of cells. Mitochondria play an essential role in cellular homeostasis and function, rendering aging processes highly associated with mitochondrial function and status. Herein, we describe an aging-prone phenotype of murine skin cells caused by depletion of Rad6B (Ube2b), an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme. In this study, using Masson’s trichrome, we showed that loss of Rad6B causes physiological structure changes in mouse skin with age. In addition, a combination of western blotting experiments, transmission electron microscopy and employment of immunofluorescence staining revealed that depletion of Rad6B was characterized by an…
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  • Transcriptome analysis of purple pigment formation in Colocasia esculenta
  • Abstract Taro (Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott) is an important crop in Africa, Southeast Asia, and subtropics and is used as a food and medicine. The purple color pigmentation is an appealing character in taro. We sampled taro corms of the cultivar ‘Lipu Taro’ at four developmental stages, including LPYS1 (without purple pigment, 50 days of development (DOD)), LPYS2 (very few purple pigments, 75 DOD), LPYS3 (moderate purple pigments, 115 DOD) and LPYS4 (high purple pigments, 205 DOD). The purpose of our study was to identify the key genes underpinning the purple pigmentation in taro based on RNA-sequencing. Through RNA-Seq, 6453 differentially…
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  • Phylogenetic analysis of microRNA biomarkers for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also called Lou Gehrig’s disease, is an irreversible disease that is caused by the degeneration and death of motor neurons. Approximately 5–10% of cases are familial ALS (fALS), and the other cases are sporadic ALS (sALS). Gene mutations have been identified both in fALS and sALS patients. In this study, we discuss the four ALS-related genes, C9orf72, SOD1, FUS, and TARDBP, and review the microRNAs (miRNAs) that are associated with ALS and other neurological disorders from the literature. A phylogenetic analysis is used to explore potential miRNAs that can be taken into account when studying the…
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  • Anti-nutritional characteristics and mechanism of soybean agglutinin
  • Abstract Soybean agglutinin (SBA) is an important anti-nutritional factor in soybean. SBA can induce animal growth inhibition, cause pathological changes of intestinal tissue, and decrease in the immune system functioning. Recently, a great deal of research has been done on the effects of SBA on cell morphology, division, apoptosis, autophagy, as well as the correlated signal transduction pathway. This review mainly covers the chemical and biological characteristics of SBA, describes the multifaceted aspects of SBA anti-nutritional functions, and highlights the possible cellular and molecular mechanism of anti-nutritional effects of SBA. This review has important implications for the prevention and treatment of…
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  • Overloading of differentiated Caco-2 cells during lipid transcytosis induces glycosylation mistakes in the Golgi complex
  • Abstract Overloading the intestine enterocytes with lipids induced alteration of the Golgi complex (GC; ) and could cause glycosylation errors. Here, using differentiated Caco-2 cells with the established 0[I] blood group phenotype (no expression of the blood antigens A and B [AgA, AgB] under normal conditions) as a model of human enterocytes we examined whether the overloading of these cells with lipids could cause errors in the Golgi-dependent glycosylation. We demonstrated that under these conditions, there were alterations of the GC and the appearance of lipid droplets in the cytoplasm. Rare cells produced AgA and AgB. This suggested that after overloading…
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  • POM analysis and computational interactions of 8-hydroxydiospyrin inside active site of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B
  • Abstract Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) inhibition is considered as a potential therapeutic for the treatment of cancer, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. In our present work, we investigated the anti-diabetic potential of 8-hydroxydiospyrin (8-HDN) from D. lotus against the PTP1B enzyme. It showed significant inhibitory activity of PTP1B with an IC50 value of 18.37 ± 0.02 μM. A detailed molecular docking study was carried out to analyze the binding orientation, binding energy, and mechanism of inhibition. A comparative investigation of 8-HDN in the catalytic, as well as the allosteric site of PTP1B, was performed. Binding energy data showed that compound…
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  • Extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease, nitroxidative stress and dysbiosis: What is the link between them?
  • Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, has a not yet completely defined aetiology and is characterized by a progressive chronic inflammation that involves nitroxidative stress and dysbiosis. Extraintestinal manifestations can occur and affect several organs, including the liver and bile ducts, joints, skin, eyes, and less frequently, the heart, brain, and kidneys, increasing the risk of morbidity and mortality. These repercussions may be associated with the activity or severity of IBD. The present review proposes to report and analyse the participation of dysbiosis and nitroxidative stress in the genesis of extraintestinal manifestations, aiming to contribute…
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