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  • Design of Non-linear Beam-type Spring for Designated Loading and Displacement for Use in Lower-limb Orthosis
  • Abstract In this study, a method for designing an in-plane, free-form, beam-type spring for use in a lower-limb orthosis was developed. A spring designed by this method follows a predefined relationship between loading and displacement. To facilitate the analysis of the spring, it was divided into several beam segments. The stiffness equations related to loading (including moment and force) and displacements (linear and rotation) of each beam segment were found to follow a modified (non-linear) Castigliano's second theorem (NCST) and were assembled by using the continuity of nodal points of neighbouring curve segments. Using the proposed method, a spring designer can…
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  • A Direct Forcing Immersed Boundary Method Based Lattice Boltzmann Method to Simulate Flows with Complex Geometry
  • Abstract In the present study, a lattice Boltzmann method based new immersed boundary technique is proposed for simulating two-dimensional viscous incompressible flows interacting with stationary and moving solid boundaries. The lattice Boltzmann method with known force field is used to simulate the flow where the complex geometry is immersed inside the computational domain. This is achieved via direct-momentum forcing on a Cartesian grid by combining "solid-body forcing" at solid nodes and interpolation on neighboring fluid nodes. The proposed method is examined by simulating decaying vortex, 2D flow over an asymmetrically placed cylinder, and in-line oscillating cylinder in a fluid at rest.…
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  • The Method of Fundamental Solutions for One-Dimensional Wave Equations
  • Abstract A meshless numerical algorithm is developed for the solutions of one-dimensional wave equations in this paper. The proposed numerical scheme is constructed by the Eulerian-Lagrangian method of fundamental solutions (ELMFS) together with the D'Alembert formulation. The D'Alembert formulation is used to avoid the difficulty to constitute the linear algebraic system by using the ELMFS in dealing with the initial conditions and time-evolution. Moreover the ELMFS based on the Eulerian-Lagrangian method (ELM) and the method of fundamental solutions (MFS) is a truly meshless and quadrature-free numerical method. In this proposed wave model, the one-dimensional wave equation is reduced to an implicit…
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  • Interfaces Between two Dissimilar Elastic Materials
  • Abstract In this paper the near tip solutions for interface corners written in terms of the stress intensity factors are presented in a unified expression. This single expression is applicable for any kinds of interface corners including corners and cracks in homogeneous materials as well as interface corners and interface cracks lying between two dissimilar materials, in which the materials can be any kinds of linear elastic anisotropic materials or piezoelectric materials. Through this unified expression of near tip solutions, the singular orders of stresses and their associated stress/electric intensity factors for different kinds of interface problems can be determined through…
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  • Determination of Temperature-Dependent Elasto-Plastic Properties of Thin-Film by MD Nanoindentation Simulations and an Inverse GA/FEM Computational Scheme
  • Abstract This study presents a novel numerical method for extracting the tempe -rature-dependent mechanical properties of the gold and aluminum thin-films. In the proposed approach, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are performed to establish the load-displacement response of the thin substrate nanoindented at temperatures ranging from 300-900 K. A simple but effective procedure involving genetic algorithm (GA) and finite element method (FEM) is implemented to extract the material constants of the gold and aluminum substrates. The material constants are then used to construct the corresponding stress-strain curve, from which the elastic modulus, yield stress and the tangent modulus of the thin film…
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  • The Influence of Structural Defect on Mechanical Properties and Fracture Behaviors of Carbon Nanotubes
  • Abstract Due to the limitation of fabrication technologies nowadays, structural or atomistic defects are often perceived in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) during the manufacturing process. The main goal of the study aims at providing a systematic investigation of the effects of atomistic defects on the nanomechanical properties and fracture behaviors of single-walled CNTs (SWCNTs) using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. Furthermore, the correlation between local stress distribution and fracture evolution is studied. Key parameters and factors under investigation include the number, type (namely the vacancy and Stone-Wales defects), location and distribution of defects. Results show that the nanomechanical properties of the CNTs, such…
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  • Analytical Full-field Solutions of a Piezoelectric Layered Half-plane Subjected to Generalized Loadings
  • Abstract The two-dimensional problem of a planar transversely isotropic piezoelectric layered half-plane subjected to generalized line forces and edge dislocations in the layer is analyzed by using the Fourier-transform method and the series expansion technique. The full-field solutions for displacements, stresses, electrical displacements and electric fields are expressed in explicit closed forms. The complete solutions consist only of the simplest solutions for an infinite piezoelectric medium with applied loadings. It is shown in this study that the physical meaning of this solution is the image method. The explicit solutions include Green's function for originally applied loadings in an infinite piezoelectric medium…
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  • A Three-Dimensional Meshless Scheme with Background Grid for Electrostatic-Structural Analysis
  • Abstract On the analysis of electrostatic-structural coupled problems as encountered in many electrostatic driven MEMS devices, the electrostatic analysis domain is often extremely distorted due to the deflection of the structure. This kind of problem is difficult to be dealt with by almost all kinds of available numerical methods. A new three-dimensional meshless scheme with background grid is thus proposed herein. By this scheme, a three-dimensional fixed background grid with regularly-distributed nodes is utilized. Another set of discretized boundary grid is employed to describe the boundary surfaces of both the structure and the electrostatic field. The analysis electrostatic/structural domains are modeled…
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  • Hydroplaning Analysis for Tire Rolling over Water Film with Various Thicknesses Using the LS-DYNA Fluid-Structure Interactive Scheme
  • Abstract Current work studies the transient hydroplaning behavior of 200 kPa inflated pneumatic radial tires with various types of tread patterns. Tires were numerically loaded with a quarter car weight of 4 kN, and then accelerated from rest rolling over a water film with a thickness of 5, 10 and 15 mm on top of a flat pavement. Tire structure is composed of outer rubber tread and inner fiber reinforcing composite layers. The Mooney-Rivlin constitutive law and the classical laminated theory (CLT) were, respectively, used to describe the mechanical behavior of rubber material and composite reinforcing layers. The tire hydroplaning phenomenon…
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Displaying 10841-10850 on page 1085 of 10897. Per Page