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  • Numerical Modeling of Grain Structure in Continuous Casting of Steel
  • Abstract A numerical model is developed for the simulation of solidification grain structure formation (equiaxed to columnar and columnar to equiaxed transitions) during the continuous casting process of steel billets. The cellular automata microstructure model is combined with the macroscopic heat transfer model. The cellular automata method is based on the Nastac's definition of neighborhood, Gaussian nucleation rule, and KGT growth model. The heat transfer model is solved by the meshless technique by using local collocation with radial basis functions. The microscopic model parameters have been adjusted with respect to the experimental data for steel 51CrMoV4. Simulations have been carried out…
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  • Acoustoelastic Effects on Borehole Flexural Waves in Anisotropic Formations under Horizontal Terrestrial Stress Field
  • Abstract Applying the Stroh theory and based on the works of Hwu and Ting (1989), the complex function solution of stress and displacement fields around an open borehole in intrinsic anisotropic formation under horizontal terrestrial stress field is obtained. For cross-dipole flexural wave propagation along borehole axis, using the perturbation method, the acoustoelastic equation describing the relation between the alteration in phase velocity and terrestrial stress as well as formation intrinsic anisotropy is derived. At last, the numerical examples are provided for both the cases of fast and slow formation where the symmetry axis of a transversely isotropic (TI) formation makes…
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  • Computer Modelling of the Energy Distribution within Wood throughout Microwave Processing
  • Abstract Microwave wood modification and treatment technologies become more and more essential within the wood industry due to their technical and economical advantages. Microwave processing of wood involves many complicated physical phenomena and requires a very careful control of variables (such as intensity of microwave power, loading period, maximum temperature, etc.) in order to reduce structural deformations of the processed wood. To optimise and minimise the project design engineers' work, modelling and simulation of the microwave energy-wood interaction represents an indispensable tool.
    This research work has been undertaken with the aim to design and optimise microwave applicators for microwave pre-drying…
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  • Modelling a Plunging Breaking Solitary Wave with Eddy-Viscosity Turbulent SPH Models
  • Abstract Breaking waves can run up at the shoreline, inundating coastal regions and causing large property damage and loss of life. In order to proceed to the design of sea defence structures and estimate the possible damage resulting from sea submersion due to a tsunami for instance, it is thus crucial to understand these phenomena. However, due to the mathematical difficulties caused by the complexities of the fluid motion associated with breaking wave, a fully theoretical approach is not possible. Thus most of the investigations regarding breaking waves are experimental and numerical. Some methods were recently developed to perform such simulations,…
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  • Identification of Materials Properties with the Help of Miniature Shear Punch Test Using Finite Element Method and Neural Networks
  • Abstract This paper describes an approach to identify the mechanical properties i.e. fracture and yield strength of steels. The study involves the FE simulation of shear punch test for various miniature specimens thickness ranging from 0.20mm to 0.80mm for four different steels using ABAQUS code. The experimental method of the miniature shear punch test is used to determine the material response under quasi-static loading. The load vs. displacement curves obtained from the FE simulation miniature disk specimens are compared with the experimental data obtained and found in good agreement. The resulting data from the load vs. displacement diagrams of different steels…
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  • A Review on the Three-Dimensional Analytical Approaches of Multilayered and Functionally Graded Piezoelectric Plates and Shells
  • Abstract The article is to present an overview of various three-dimensional (3D) analytical approaches for the analysis of multilayered and functionally graded (FG) piezoelectric plates and shells. The reported 3D approaches in the literature are classified as four different approaches, namely, Pagano's classical approach, the state space approach, the series expansion approach and the asymptotic approach. Both the mixed formulation and displacement-based formulation for the 3D analysis of multilayered piezoelectric plates are derived. The analytical process, based on the 3D formulations, for the aforementioned approaches is briefly interpreted. The present formulations of multilayered piezoelectric plates can also be used for the…
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  • Peridynamic Simulation of Electromigration
  • Abstract A theoretical framework, based upon the peridynamic model, is presented for analytical and computational simulation of electromigration. The framework allows four coupled physical processes to be modeled simultaneously: mechanical deformation, heat transfer, electrical potential distribution, and vacancy diffusion. The dynamics of void and crack formation, and hillock and whisker growth can potentially be modeled. The framework can potentially be applied at several modeling scales: atomistic, crystallite, multiple crystallite, and macro. The conceptual simplicity of the model promises to permit many phenomena observed in microchips, including electromigration, thermo-mechanical crack formation, and fatigue crack formation, to be analyzed in a systematic and…
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  • Application of Component Mode Synthesis to Protein Structure for Dynamic Analysis
  • Abstract This paper concerns the application of component mode synthesis for biomolecule modeling to understand protein dynamics. As for protein dynamics, eigenvalue problem should be formulated to obtain eigenvalue, eigenvector and thermal fluctuation. To describe the thermal fluctuation of protein, normal mode analysis is introduced and normal modes identify the dynamic behavior of protein very well. Component mode synthesis considers the given complex structure as an assembly of smaller components. The selection of a component may be arbitrary. When the component mode synthesis is applied to formulate the eigenvalue problem of protein structure, we selected a protein which may be composed…
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  • A Time-Marching Algorithm for Solving Non-Linear Obstacle Problems with the Aid of an NCP-Function
  • Abstract Proposed is a time-marching algorithm to solve a nonlinear system of complementarity equations: Pi(xj) ≥ 0, Qi(xj) ≥ 0 , Pi(xj)Qi(xj) = 0, i, j = 1,...,n, resulting from a discretization of nonlinear obstacle problem. We transform the above nonlinear complementarity problem (NCP) into a nonlinear algebraic equations (NAEs) system: Fi(xj) = 0 with the aid of the Fischer-Burmeister NCP-function. Such NAEs are semi-smooth, highly nonlinear and usually implicit, being hard to handle by the Newton-like method. Instead of, a first-order system of ODEs is derived through a fictitious time equation. The time-stepping equations are obtained by applying a numerical…
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  • A 3D Computational Model of RC Beam Using Lower Order Elements with Enhanced Strain Approach in the Elastic Range
  • Abstract A procedure has been described to carry out three-dimensional elastic analysis of reinforced concrete beam employing finite element technique, which uses lower order elements. The proposed procedure utilizes 8-noded isometric solid /hexahedral elements HCiS18 with enhanced assumed strain (EAS) formulation, recently developed in the literature, to predict load-deformation and internal stresses produced in case of a simply supported RC beams in the elastic regime. It models the composite behaviour of concrete and reinforcements in rigid /perfect bond situation and their mutual interaction in bond-slip condition considering continuous interface elements at the material level. Although, bond-slip relation are very much non-linear…
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