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  • Topological Optimization of Structures Using a Multilevel Nodal Density-Based Approximant
  • Abstract This paper proposes an alternative topology optimization method for the optimal design of continuum structures, which involves a multilevel nodal density-based approximant based on the concept of conventional SIMP (solid isotropic material with penalization) model. First, in terms of the original set of nodal densities, the Shepard function method is applied to generate a non-local nodal density field with enriched smoothness over the design domain. The new nodal density field possesses non-negative and range-bounded properties to ensure a physically meaningful approximation of topology optimization design. Second, the density variables at the nodes of finite elements are used to interpolate elemental…
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  • Quantitative Identification of Multiple Cracks in a Rotor Utilizing Wavelet Finite Element Method
  • Abstract Different from single crack identification method, the number of cracks should be firstly identified, and then the location and depth of each crack can be predicted for multiple cracks identification technology. This paper presents a multiple crack identification algorithm for rotor using wavelet finite element method. Firstly, the changes in natural frequency of a structure with various crack locations and depths are accurately obtained by means of wavelet finite element method; and then the damage coefficient method is used to determine the number and region of cracks. Finally, by finding the points of intersection of three frequency contour lines in…
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  • Several Compact Local Stencils based on Integrated RBFs for Fourth-Order ODEs and PDEs
  • Abstract In this paper, new compact local stencils based on integrated radial basis functions (IRBFs) for solving fourth-order ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs) are presented. Five types of compact stencils - 3-node and 5-node for 1D problems and 5×5-node, 13-node and 3×3 -node for 2D problems - are implemented. In the case of 3-node stencil and 3×3-node stencil, nodal values of the first derivative(s) of the field variable are treated as additional unknowns (i.e. 2 unknowns per node for 3-node stencil and 3 unknowns per node for 3×3-node stencil). The integration constants arising from the construction of…
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  • Application of Homotopy Analysis Method for Periodic Heat Transfer in Convective Straight Fins with Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity
  • Abstract In this paper, the homotopy analysis method is applied to analyze the heat transfer of the oscillating base temperature processes occurring in a convective rectangular fin with variable thermal conductivity. This method is a powerful and easy-to-use tool for non-linear problems and it provides us with a simple way to adjust and control the convergence region of solution series. Without the need of iteration, the obtained solution is in the form of an infinite power series and the results indicated that the series has high accuracy by comparing it with those generated by the complex combination method.
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  • Solving Nonlinear Solid Mechanics Problems with theJacobian-Free Newton Krylov Method
  • Abstract The equations governing solid mechanics are often solved via Newton's method. This approach can be problematic if the Jacobian determination, storage, or solution cost is high. These challenges are magnified for multiphysics applications. The Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov (JFNK) method avoids many of these difficulties through a finite difference approximation. A parallel, nonlinear solid mechanics and multiphysics application named BISON has been created that leverages JFNK. We overview JFNK, outline the capabilities of BISON, and demonstrate the effectiveness of JFNK for solid mechanics and multiphysics applications using a series of demonstration problems. We show that JFNK has distinct advantages in many cases.
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  • Gauss Process Based Approach for Application on Landslide Displacement Analysis and Prediction
  • Abstract In this paper, the Gauss process is proposed for application on landslide displacement analysis and prediction with dynamic crossing validation. The prediction problem using noisy observations is first introduced. Then the Gauss process method is proposed for modeling non-stationary series of landslide displacements based on its ability to model noisy data. The monitoring displacement series of the New Wolong Temple Landslide is comparatively studied with other methods as an instance to implement the strategy of the Gauss process for predicting landslide displacement. The dynamic crossing validation method is adopted to manage the displacement series so as to give more precise…
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  • An Operator Splitting Approximation Combined With The SUPG Method For Transport Equations With Nonlinear Reaction Term
  • Abstract In this work, an operator splitting method is proposed in order to obtain a stable numerical solution for transport equation with non-linear reaction term. We split the transport equation into a reaction part and an advection diffusion part. The former one which becomes a nonlinear ordinary differential equation can be approximated by the simple higher order integrator or solved exactly. The later one is approximated by the Streamline-Upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method combined with the generalized Euler time integration (θ-method). Numerical results that illustrate the good performance of this method are reported.
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  • On the Determination of the Singular Sturm-Liouville Operator from Two Spectra
  • Abstract In this paper an inverse problem by two given spectrum for a second-order differential operator with coulomb singularity of the type A/x in zero point ( here A is constant), is studied. It is well known that two spectrum {λn} and {µn} uniquely determine the potential function q(x) in the singular Sturm-Liouville equation defined on interval (0,π]. The aim of this paper is to prove the generalized degeneracy of the kernel K(x,t) . In particular, we obtain a new proof of the Hochstadt's theorem concerning the structure of the difference q~(x) - q(x).
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