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  • Electrically Heated Composite Leading Edges for Aircraft Anti-Icing Applications
  • Abstract An investigation was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and the performance of an electrically heated composite leading edge for aircraft anti-icing applications. A prototype was designed, manufactured and equipped with a High Temperature composite leading edge with embedded Ni alloy resistance fed by a DC power supply unit. Running wet and fully evaporative functional modes have been verified both analytically and experimentally with reasonable agreement. A room temperature thermal endurance test has been run for 104 cycles aiming to preliminary verify the integrity of the composite laminate after the imposed thermal stress. The EHCLE system (Electrical Heated Composite Leading Edge)…
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  • On the KP Equation with Hysteresis
  • Abstract The Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation describes the evolution of nonlinear, long waves of small amplitude with slow dependence on the transverse coordinate. The KP equation coupled with the generalized play operator is studied in this paper in order to explain the dilatonic behavior of the soliton interaction and the generation of huge waves in shallow waters. Hirota bilinear method and results from a nonlinear semigroup theory are applied to simulate the resonant soliton interactions.
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  • Effect of a Porous Layer on the Flow Structure and Heat Transfer in a Square Cavity
  • Abstract A two-dimensional rectangular enclosure containing a binary-fluid saturated porous layer of finite thickness placed in the centre of the cavity is considered. Phase change is neglected. Vertical and horizontal solid boundaries are assumed to be isothermal and adiabatic, respectively. A horizontal temperature gradient is imposed, driving convection of buoyancy nature. The Darcy equation, including Brinkman and Forchheimer terms is used to account for viscous and inertia effects in the momentum equation, respectively. The problem is then solved numerically in the framework of a Velocity-Pressure formulation resorting to a finite volume method based on the standard SIMPLER algorithm. The effects of…
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  • Heat Exchange between Film Condensation and Porous Natural Convection across a Vertical Wall
  • Abstract Conjugate heat transfer across a vertical solid wall separating natural convection in a cold fluid-saturated porous medium and film condensation in a saturated-vapour medium is analyzed. The analysis reveals that this thermal interaction process is mainly controlled by the thermal resistance ratio of wall to porous-side natural convection and that of condensate film to natural convection. Asymptotic and numerical results of interest are obtained for the local and mean overall Nusselt number as functions of these two thermal resistance ratios.
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  • Fluid Flow Behavior of a Binary Mixture Under the Influence of External Disturbances Using Different Density Models
  • Abstract Experiments onboard the International Space Station typically display undesired convective flow as a results of unwanted oscillatory g-jitters. A cubic rigid cell filled with water (90%) and isopropanol (10%) with a thermal gradient and forced vibrations is considered. The cell is under the influence of three different levels of periodic oscillation (Ravib ≈ 1.6, 650 and 4000) applied perpendicular to the temperature gradient. In this paper, we examine the transport process (fluid flow, heat transfer and mass transfer) due to oscillatory g-jitters in the presence of Soret effect. The full transient Navier Stokes equations coupled with the mass and heat…
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  • Oscillatory Swirling Flows in a Cylindrical Enclosure with Co-/Counter-Rotating end Disks Submitted to a Vertical Temperature Gradient
  • Abstract Oscillatory swirling flows in a cylindrical enclosure, having aspect ratio (height/radius) γ=2, filled with a liquid metal, and submitted to a destabilizing vertical temperature gradient (system heated from below) is investigated by means of direct numerical solution of the governing (continuity, radial and axial momentum,swirlandenergy)equations. The bottom and top disks are assumed to rotate at equal (co-rotating) and opposite (counter-rotating) angular velocities. The critical Reynoldsnumber,Recr and the critical frequency of oscillations, Fcr arecalculated as a function of the Richardson number, Ri, ranging between 0 and 4. Stability diagrams are presented, reflecting the results of the numerical investigation, which put in…
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  • Two Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Mixed Convection in a Rectangular Open Enclosure
  • Abstract A numerical study has been performed on mixed convection inside an open cavity on the bottom of a channel. One of the three walls of the cavity experiences a uniform heat flux while the other walls and the top of the channel are adiabatic. Three different cases are considered by applying uniform heat flux on (a) the inflow side (assisting forced flow); (b) the outflow side (opposing forced flow); (c) the bottom horizontal surface (transverse flow). The Galerkin weighted residual method of finite element formulation is used to discretize the governing equations. For mixed convection, the influential parameters are the…
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  • Predicting The Onset of Asphaltene Precipitation by Virial EOS
  • Abstract In this study, the Onset of Asphaltene Precipitation is predicted by a modified Virial equation of state. The bases of quantum mechanics and statistical thermodynamics are used to evaluate the potential energy and intermolecular forces related to asphaltene molecules. The Virial equation of state is modified using group-contribution-methods for asphaltenes, which are assumed to be polymeric-like compounds consisting of aggregates of monodisperse asphaltene monomers. It is shown how the modified Virial equation of state with the Peneloux correction leads to estimate the molar volume and solubility parameter. These parameters are also compared successfully with results provided by the Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation…
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  • Electromagnetic Levitation Part I: Theoretical and Experimental Considerations
  • Abstract Levitation of liquid bodies against gravity is a contactless confinement process appropriate for manufacturing very pure materials. A variety of levitation techniques have been developed over the last few decades, such as aerodynamic, acoustic, electrostatic, microwave, and electromagnetic levitations. More recently, a new generation of novel techniques, essentially combinations of the established primary techniques, has been successfully introduced. Examples are acoustic-electric, aerodynamic-acoustic and acoustic-electromagnetic. The purpose of this series of papers in three parts, Bakhtiyarov and Siginer (2007a,b), is to review the advances in electromagnetic levitation (EML) since its introduction as a containerless melting technique, and a tool for the…
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