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  • 3D Higher-OrderX-FEM Model for the Simulation of Cohesive Cracks in Cementitious Materials Considering Hygro-Mechanical Couplings
  • Abstract A three-dimensional numerical model based on the Extended Finite Element Method (X-FEM) is presented for the simulation of cohesive cracks in cementitious materials, such as concrete, in a hygro-mechanical framework. Enhancement functions for the small scale resolution of the displacement jump across cracks in the context of the X-FEM is used in conjunction with a higher order family of hierarchical shape functions for the representation of the large scale displacement field of the investigated structure. Besides the theoretical and computational formulation in a multiphase context, aspects of the implementation, such as integration and crack tracking algorithms, are discussed. Representative numerical…
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  • Shape Memory Alloy: from Constitutive Modeling to Finite Element Analysis of Stent Deployment
  • Abstract The use of shape memory alloys (SMA) in an increasing number of applications in many fields of engineering, and in particular in biomedical engineering, is leading to a growing interest toward an exhaustive modeling of their macroscopic behavior in order to construct reliable simulation tools for SMA-based devices. In this paper, we review the properties of a robust three-dimensional model able to reproduce both pseudo-elastic and shape-memory effect; then we calibrate the model parameters on experimental data and, finally, we exploit the model to perform the finite element analysis of pseudo-elastic Nitinol stent deployment in a simplified atherosclerotic artery model.
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  • Directional Cohesive Elements for the Simulation of Blade Cutting of Thin Shells
  • Abstract This paper is concerned with the finite element simulation of a thin membrane cutting by a sharp blade. Smeared crack finite element approaches appear to be unsuitable for this purpose, since very small elements would be required to conform to the sharp edge of the cutter. Furthermore, when the membrane material is very ductile, classical interface cohesive elements, where the cohesive forces are transmitted in the direction of the crack opening displacement, cannot correctly reproduce situations where the blade crosses the process zone. A simplified approach, based on the new concept of "directional" cohesive elements, is here proposed for a…
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  • A New Approach to Degraded Image Processing Based on Two-Dimensional Parameter-Induced Stochastic Resonance
  • Abstract A modified two-dimensional parameter-induced stochastic resonance (2D-PSR) system is proposed. Both theoretical and simulation results indicate that the 2D-PSR system performs a resonant-like behavior when system parameters are properly adjusted. When applied to degraded image processing, 2D-PSR technique is proved to be able to attain higher SNR gain than traditional linear filters. Due to its strong robustness to environmental changes, adaptability, and complementarities with other methods, the proposed 2D-PSR technique turns out to be promising in the field of image processing.
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  • Analytical Solution for Single and Multiple impacts with Strain-rate Effects for Shot Peening
  • Abstract Shot peening is a complex and random process which is controlled by many input parameters. Numerical methods, which are normally used for impact problems will prohibitively put strain on the computing resources since a large number of impacts are involved in the computations. In this paper, a simplified analytical approach is used to predict the residual compressive stress that includes strain-rate effects. This is based on the method proposed by with a simple modification to include the strain rate effects. The residual stresses are predicted in materials SAE1070 and Inco718. In the computations, the random variation of the input parameters…
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  • Solving Elastic Problems with Local Boundary Integral Equations (LBIE) and Radial Basis Functions (RBF) Cells
  • Abstract A new Local Boundary Integral Equation (LBIE) method is proposed for the solution of plane elastostatic problems. Non-uniformly distributed points taken from a Finite Element Method (FEM) mesh cover the analyzed domain and form background cells with more than four points each. The FEM mesh determines the position of the points without imposing any connectivity requirement. The key-point of the proposed methodology is that the support domain of each point is divided into parts according to the background cells. An efficient Radial Basis Functions (RBF) interpolation scheme is exploited for the representation of displacements in each cell. Tractions in the…
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  • Two-phase flow in complex geometries: A diffuse domain approach
  • Abstract We present a new method for simulating two-phase flows in complex geometries, taking into account contact lines separating immiscible incompressible components. We combine the diffuse domain method for solving PDEs in complex geometries with the diffuse-interface (phase-field) method for simulating multiphase flows. In this approach, the complex geometry is described implicitly by introducing a new phase-field variable, which is a smooth approximation of the characteristic function of the complex domain. The fluid and component concentration equations are reformulated and solved in larger regular domain with the boundary conditions being implicitly modeled using source terms. The method is straightforward to implement…
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  • Three-Dimensional Carotid Plaque Progression Simulation Using Meshless Generalized Finite Difference Method Based on Multi-Year MRI Patient-Tracking Data
  • Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is becoming the number one cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerotic plaque rupture and progression are closely related to most severe cardiovascular syndromes such as heart attack and stroke. Mechanisms governing plaque rupture and progression are not well understood. A computational procedure based on three-dimensional meshless generalized finite difference (MGFD) method and serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data was introduced to quantify patient-specific carotid atherosclerotic plaque growth functions and simulate plaque progression. Participating patients were scanned three times (T1, T2, and T3, at intervals of about 18 months) to obtain plaque progression data. Vessel wall thickness (WT) changes…
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  • Green's Functions for Anisotropic/Piezoelectric Bimaterials and Their Applications to Boundary Element Analysis
  • Abstract The Green's function for anisotropic bimaterials has been investigated around three decades ago. Since the mathematical formulation of piezoelectric elasticity can be organized into the same form as that of anisotropic elasticity by just expanding the dimension of the corresponding matrix to include the piezoelectric effects, the extension of the Green's function to piezoelectric bimaterials can be obtained immediately through the associated anisotropic bimaterials. In this paper, the Green's function for the bimaterials bonded together with one anisotropic material and one piezoelectric material is derived by applying Stroh's complex variable formalism with the aid of analytical continuation method. For this…
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