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  • Turbulent Flow Produced by Twin Slot Jets Impinging a Wall
  • Abstract The dynamics of two fully developed turbulent jets, perpendicular to a heated flat plate and related heat transfer mechanism are analysed numerically. This problem is relevant to several thermal engineering applications. The governing equations are solved by a finite volume method with a second order RSM model combined with wall functions used for turbulent modelling. The possibility to improve heat transfer is assessed taking into account the characteristic parameters for the jet-wall interaction. In particular, a parametric study is conducted by varying the jet Reynolds number (Re) and the nozzle to plate distance (D). The distance between the two jets…
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  • A Numerical Study of the Transitions of Laminar Natural Flows in a Square Cavity
  • Abstract This paper deals with the numerical study of heat and mass transfer occurring in a cavity filled with a low Prandtl number liquid. The model includes the momentum, energy and mass balance equations. These equations are discretized by a finite volume technique and solved in the framework of a custom SIMPLER method developed in FORTRAN. The effect of the problem characteristic parameters, namely the Lewis and Prandtl numbers, on the instability of the flow and related solute distribution is studied for positive and negative thermal and solutal buoyancy forces ratio. Nusselt and Sherwood numbers are derived for values of the…
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  • Primary and Secondary Flows on Unsteady MHD Free Convective Micropolar Fluid Flow Past an Inclined Plate in a Rotating System: a Finite Element Analysis
  • Abstract In the present paper, a numerical analysis is performed to study the primary and secondary flows of a micropolar fluid flow past an inclined plate with viscous dissipation and thermal radiation in a rotating frame. A uniform magnetic field of strength Bo is applied normal to the plane of the plate. The whole system rotates with uniform angular velocity about an axis normal to the plate. The governing partial differential equations are transformed into coupled nonlinear partial differential equations by using the appropriate dimensionless quantities. The resulting equations are then solved by the Galerkin finite element method. The influencing pertinent…
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  • Numerical Visualizations of Mixing Enhancement in a 2D Supersonic Ejector
  • Abstract The present study deals with the numerical visualization of the mixing process in a 2D supersonic ejector. The mixing process is visualized using two CFD flow visualization methods. The first method consists in introducing discrete particles in the secondary flow and computing their trajectories. The second method consists in modeling the diffusion of a passive scalar introduced in one of the two flows. The mixing process is investigated in the case of a conventional 2D supersonic ejector and a second case of an ejector equipped with transverse micro jets. Flow visualizations obtained show the existence of a significant mixing enhancement…
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  • Mixed Convection in a Lid-Driven Square Cavity With Heat Sources Using Nanofluids
  • Abstract This paper presents a numerical study of two-dimensional laminar mixed convection in a lid-driven square cavity filled with a nanofluid and heated simultaneously at a constant heat flux q” by two heat sources placed on the two vertical walls. The movable wall and the bottom wall of the cavity are maintained at a local cold temperature TC, respectively. The finite volume method was used to solve the equations of flow with heat transfer across the physical domain. Comparisons with previous results were performed and found to be in excellent agreement. Results were presented in terms of streamlines, isotherms, vertical velocity…
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  • Numerical Analysis on Unsteady Internal Flow in an Evaporating Droplet
  • Abstract We have investigated the unsteady internal flow occurring in an evaporating droplet interacting with a high-temperature atmospheric environment. The Navier-Stokes equations for both the liquid and the gas phases have been solved numerically in the framework of a Volume of Fluid (VOF) method relying on the so-called Continuum Surface Force (CSF) model. A specific kernel able to account for evaporation and related phase change has been incorporated directly in the VOF approach. The temperature distributions within the droplet has been found to be relatively uniform by virtue of the Marangoni flow. The transient evolution of the flow pattern and related…
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  • Experimental Investigation on Thermal Diffusion in Ternary Hydrocarbon Mixtures
  • Abstract The main goal of this study was to investigate the thermal diffusion in ternary hydrocarbon mixtures composed of 1, 2, 3, 4 Tetrahydronaphtalene (THN)-Isobutylbenzene (IBB)-Dodecane (C12) with mass fractions of 80/10/10, 70/10/20, and 60/10/30 at mean temperature of 25 °C. Optical interferometry technique with Mach-Zehnder arrangement was used to conduct the experiments. The mixture was placed in a convectionless cell which was heated from above. The results for the mixture with mass fraction of 80/10/10 were in a good agreement with the corresponding benchmark values. Finally, the Soret coefficient for the other two mixtures have been proposed.
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  • Mixed Convection of Nanofluids inside a Lid-Driven Cavity Heated by a Central Square Heat Source
  • Abstract A numerical work has been performed to analyze the laminar mixed convection of nanofluids confined in a lid driven square enclosure with a central square and isotherm heat source. All the walls are cooled at constant temperature, and the top wall slides rightward at constant velocity. The simulations considered four types of nanofluids (Cu, Ag, Al2O3 and TiO2)-Water. The governing equations were solved using finite volume approach by the SIMPLER algorithm. Comparisons with previously published work are performed and found to be in good agreement. The influence of pertinent parameters such as Richardson number, size of the heat source, solid…
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  • Mixed Convection of a Nanofluid in a Vertical Anisotropic Porous Channel with Heated/Cooled Walls
  • Abstract A numerical study is conducted to investigate the problem of mixed convection of a nanofluid in a vertical porous channel with one wall heated and the other cooled. The Darcy-Brinkman-Forchheimer model is used to describe the flow in the porous medium, considered as anisotropic in thermal conductivity, and the two-phase approach is adopted to simulate the motion of the nanofluid. The governing equations with the associated boundary conditions are solved by the finite volume method. The parametric study is focused on the variation of the Richardson number Ri, the heat fluxes ratio Rq, the Darcy number and the thermal conductivity…
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