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  • ALE Formulation and Simulation Techniques in Integrated Computer Aided Design and Engineering System with Industrial Metal Forming Applications
  • Abstract A mechanical computer aided design and engineering system can be used to reduce the design-to-manufacture cycle time in metal forming process. Such a system could be built upon a solid modeling geometry engine and an efficient finite element (FE) solver. The maintenance of a high-quality mesh throughout the analysis is an essential feature of an efficient finite element simulation of large strain metal forming problems. In this paper, a mesh adaptation technique employing the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian formulation (ALE) is applied to some industrial metal forming problems. An ACIS boundary representation of the solid model is employed. This type of representation…
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  • Application of Polygonal Finite Elements to Two-Dimensional Mechanical and Electro-Mechanically Coupled Problems
  • Abstract Naturally evolving Voronoi discretisation of two-dimensional plane domains renders representative microstructures that turn out to be useful for the modelling and simulation of polycrystalline materials. Hybrid finite element approaches are employed on such polygonal discretisations to solve, for instance, mechanical and electromechanical problems within a finite element context. In view of solving mechanical problems, varying order of polynomial functions are suggested in the literature to sufficiently approximate stresses within the polygonal finite elements. These are, in addition to the order of the approximation functions for the displacements, characterised by the number of edges in the polygonal elements. It appears, as…
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  • A Pseudo Flow Theory of Plasticity Based Constitutive Equation for Inverse Analysis Method and its Industry Verification in Sheet Metal Stamping
  • Abstract The Traditional Inverse Analysis Method (TIAM) of sheet metal stamping has the shortcoming of neglecting the effects of deformation history on stress prediction. An Updated Inverse Analysis Method (UIAM) is proposed based on the final workpiece in Euler coordinate system. The UIAM uses the constitutive equation based on pseudo flow theory of plasticity to consider the loading history. In order to avoid numerous iterations to ensure the numerical stability in Newton-Raphson scheme to obtain plastic multiplier ∆λ, the equation in unknown stress vectors is transformed into a scalar equation using the notion of the equivalent stress. Thus a scalar equation…
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  • Motion of Small Solid Particles in a Viscous Fluid Enclosed in a Cavity
  • Abstract The motion of a solid particle embedded in a viscous fluid in a closed container requires a precise account of wall effects when in creeping flow. The boundary integral method, which amounts to solving a Fredholm integral equation for the stress on the particle and walls, is used here. The accuracy of the method is improved by using curvilinear six-node triangular boundary elements, the size of which is specially adapted to the particle shape and position with respect to walls. The method is applied to resolve the case of a moving particle in a parallelepiped container. It is validated by…
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  • A Four-Node Reissner-Mindlin Shell with Assumed Displacement Quasi-Conforming Method
  • Abstract In this paper, an assumed displacement quasi-conforming finite element method with truncated polynomial expansions of in-domain displacements and derived expansions of strains is introduced. Based on the method a four-node quadrilateral flat shell element with complete quadratic polynomials for membrane and bending displacement fields is developed. Numerical tests are carried out for validation of the present element. The results show that the present element preserves all the advantages of the quasi-conforming i.e., explicit stiffness matrix, convenient post processing and free from membrane locking and shear locking. The tests also prove that the present element gives excellent results, especially for the…
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  • Application of the Gradient Smoothing Technique to the Natural Neighbour Galerkin Method for the Couple-Stress Elasticity
  • Abstract The natural neighbour Galerkin method is tailored to solve boundary value problems of the couple-stress elasticity to model the size dependent behaviour of materials. This method is based on the displacement-based Galerkin approach, and the calculation of the global stiffness matrix is performed using gradient smoothing technique combined with the non-Sibsonian partition of unity approximation scheme. This method possesses the following properties: the complex C1-continuous approximation scheme is avoided without using either Lagrange multipliers or penalty parameters; no domain integrals involved in the assembly of the global stiffness matrix; and the imposition of essential boundary conditions is straightforward. The validity…
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  • Improved Material Point Method for Simulating the Zona Failure Response in Piezo-Assisted Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
  • Abstract The material point method (MPM), which is an extension from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to computational solid dynamics (CSD), is improved for the coupled CFD and CSD simulation of the zona failure response in piezo-assisted intracytoplasmic sperm injection (piezo-ICSI). To evaluate the stresses at any zona material point, a plane stress assumption is made in the local tangent plane of the membrane point, and a simple procedure is proposed to find the effective point connectivity for the orientation of the local tangent plane. With an iterative algorithm in each time step, the original MPM is improved to better simulate fluid…
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  • Uncertainty Quantification of the Interaction of a Vortex Pair With the Ground
  • Abstract The evolution of a two-dimensional vortex pair in ground effect was studied under the influence of random initial inputs comprising vortex strength (circulation) or initial vortex position. The paper addresses the questions of how do variations and uncertainties of initial conditions translate to the variability of vortex pair evolution. The stochastic solutions were obtained recurring to the Polynomial Chaos Expansion method of random processes applied to the Navier-Stokes equations for a laminar flow. The method quantifies the extent, dependence and propagation of uncertainty through the model system and, in particular, a methodology for the calculation of the vortices trajectory variability,…
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  • An Overrange Collocation Method
  • Abstract In this paper, a new meshless method called the overrange collocation method (ORCM) is proposed. By introducing some collocation points, which are located at outside of domain of the analyzed body, unsatisfactory issue of the positivity conditions of boundary points in collocation methods can be avoided. Because the overrange points are used only in interpolating calculation, no over-constrained condition is imposed into the solved boundary value problems. Poisson's problem and the linear elastic cantilever beam problem are analyzed by using the ORCM.
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  • Calculation of a Deformable Membrane Airfoil in Hovering Flight
  • Abstract A numerical study of fluid-structure interaction is presented for the analysis of viscous flow over a resonant membrane airfoil in hovering flight. A flexible membrane moving with a prescribed stroke period was naturally excited to enter into 1st, 2nd and 3rd mode of vibration according to the selected membrane tension. The Navier-Stokes equations were discretized on a moving body unstructured grid using the finite volume method. The instantaneous membrane position was predicted by the 1D unsteady membrane equation with input from the acting fluid flow forces. Following initial validation against reported rigid airfoils predictions, the model is applied to the…
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