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  • Range-Only UWB SLAM for Indoor Robot Localization Employing Multi-Interval EFIR Rauch-Tung-Striebel Smoother
  • Abstract For improving the localization accuracy, a multi-interval extended finite impulse response (EFIR)-based RauchTung-Striebel (R-T-S) smoother is proposed for the range-only ultra wide band (UWB) simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) for robot localization. In this mode, the EFIR R-T-S (ERTS) smoother employs EFIR filter as the forward filter and the R-T-S smoothing method to smooth the EFIR filter’s output. When the east or the north position is considered as stance, the ERTS is used to smooth the position directly. Moreover, the estimation of the UWB Reference Nodes’ (RNs’) position is smoothed by the R-T-S smooth method in parallel. The test illustrates…
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  • CFD-Based Evaluation of Flow and Temperature Characteristics of Airflow in an Aircraft Cockpit
  • Abstract The rational design of airflow distribution is of great importance for comfort and energy conservation. Several numerical investigations of flow and temperature characteristics in cockpits have been performed to study the distinct airflow distribution. This study developed the coupled heat transfer model of radiation, convection, and heat conduction for the cockpit flight environment. A three-dimensional physical model was created and a shear stress transfer (SST) k-w turbulence model was well verified with a high prediction accuracy of 91% for the experimental data. The strong inhomogeneous flow and temperature distribution were captured for various initial operating conditions (inlet temperature, inlet pressure,…
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  • Numerical Analysis of Ice Rubble with a Freeze-Bond Model in Dilated Polyhedral Discrete Element Method
  • Abstract Freezing in ice rubble is a common phenomenon in cold regions, which can consolidate loose blocks and change their mechanical properties. To model the cohesive effect in frozen ice rubble, and to describe the fragmentation behavior with a large external forces exerted, a freeze-bond model based on the dilated polyhedral discrete element method (DEM) is proposed. Herein, imaginary bonding is initialized at the contact points to transmit forces and moments, and the initiation of the damage is detected using the hybrid fracture model. The model is validated through the qualitative agreement between the simulation results and the analytical solution of…
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  • Lacunary Generating Functions of Hybrid Type Polynomials in Viewpoint of Symbolic Approach
  • Abstract In this paper, we introduce mon-symbolic method to obtain the generating functions of the hybrid class of Hermite-associated Laguerre and its associated polynomials. We obtain the series definitions of these hybrid special polynomials. Also, we derive the double lacunary generating functions of the Hermite-Laguerre polynomials and the Hermite-Laguerre-Wright polynomials. Further, we find multiplicative and derivative operators for the Hermite-Laguerre-Wright polynomials which helps to find the symbolic differential equation of the Hermite-Laguerre-Wright polynomials. Some concluding remarks are also given.
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  • A Hybrid Immersed Boundary/Coarse-Graining Method for Modeling Inextensible Semi-Flexible Filaments in Thermally Fluctuating Fluids
  • Abstract A new and computationally efficient version of the immersed boundary method, which is combined with the coarse-graining method, is introduced for modeling inextensible filaments immersed in low-Reynolds number flows. This is used to represent actin biopolymers, which are constituent elements of the cytoskeleton, a complex network-like structure that plays a fundamental role in shape morphology. An extension of the traditional immersed boundary method to include a stochastic stress tensor is also proposed in order to model the thermal fluctuations in the fluid at smaller scales. By way of validation, the response of a single, massless, inextensible semiflexible filament immersed in…
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  • Clinical Data-Driven Finite Element Analysis of the Kinetics of Chewing Cycles in Order to Optimize Occlusal Reconstructions
  • Abstract The occlusal design plays a decisive role in the fabrication of dental restorations. Dentists and dental technicians depend on mechanical simulations of mandibular movement that are as accurate as possible, in particular, to produce interference-free yet chewing-efficient dental restorations. For this, kinetic data must be available, i.e., movements and deformations under the influence of forces and stresses. In the present study, so-called functional data were collected from healthy volunteers to provide consistent information for proper kinetics. For the latter purpose, biting and chewing forces, electrical muscle activity and jaw movements were registered synchronously, and individual magnetic resonance tomograms (MRI) were…
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  • The Kazdin Method for Developing and Changing Behavior of Children and Adolescents
  • Abstract The Kazdin Method™ is a version of parent management training in which parents are trained to alter the behaviors of their children. The method draws on the principles and techniques of applied behavior analysis. The techniques focus on antecedents (what comes before the behavior), behavior (crafting the precise behaviors one wishes to develop), and consequences (usually praise to increase the likelihood that the desired behaviors will be performed again). The key focus is repeated practice in changing parent and child behaviors. The article traces the evolution of my use of parent training to treat severe aggressive and antisocial behavior among…
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  • Nanotechnology-Based Advancements in Postharvest Management of Horticultural Crops
  • Abstract Horticulture is a branch of Agricultural science where it is defined as the science and art of cultivating and handling fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants and several plants having unique medicinal and aromatic values. Horticultural crops provide farmers with high income and have good export quality, but they have a concern about postharvest losses. Hence, increasing productivity and decreasing post-harvest losses by using scientific studies and techniques like biotechnology and nanotechnology could be the simplest possible solution to the above-mentioned problems. Using nanotechnology which is having the characteristics of nanoparticles is proven to be very useful in science and technological applications.…
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  • Time Synchronized Velocity Error for Trajectory Compression
  • Abstract Nowadays, distance is usually used to evaluate the error of trajectory compression. These methods can effectively indicate the level of geometric similarity between the compressed and the raw trajectory, but it ignores the velocity error in the compression. To fill the gap of these methods, assuming the velocity changes linearly, a mathematical model called SVE (Time Synchronized Velocity Error) for evaluating compression error is designed, which can evaluate the velocity error effectively, conveniently and accurately. Based on this model, an innovative algorithm called SW-MSVE (Minimum Time Synchronized Velocity Error Based on Sliding Window) is proposed, which can minimize the velocity…
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  • PIWI Interacting RNA-651 Inhibition Transforms the Genetic Features of MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells
  • Abstract piRNAs are novel members of small non-coding RNAs and have an impact on genetic and epigenetic mechanisms of cells. It was aimed to investigate the role of piR-651 on MCF-7 benign breast cancer cells by focusing on molecular characteristics. Anti-piR-651 was transfected and effects of piR-651 on proliferation, adhesion, and motility of MCF-7 cells were detected after the 24th, 48th, and 72nd hour. Gene expressions of piR-651, Ki-67, MMP-2, ERα, HIF-1α, and hTERT were determined by using RT-PCR. piR-651 inhibition caused the decrease of proliferation, adhesion (p < 0.001), and motility of MCF-7 cells. The efficiency of anti-piR-651 transfection supported…
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