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  • A Meshless Approach Based upon Radial Basis Function Hermite Collocation Method for Predicting the Cooling and the Freezing Times of Foods
  • Abstract This work presents a meshless numerical scheme for the solution of time dependent non linear heat transfer problems in terms of a radial basis function Hermite collocation approach. The proposed scheme is applied to foodstuff's samples during freezing process; evaluation of the time evolution of the temperature profile along the sample, as well as at the core, is carried out. The moving phase-change zone is identified in the domain and plotted at several timesteps. The robustness of the proposed scheme is tested by a comparison of the obtained numerical results with those found using a Finite Volume Method and with…
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  • Application of Diffuse Approximate Method in Convective-Diffusive Solidification Problems
  • Abstract The steady-state convective-diffusive solid-liquid phase change problem associated with temperature fields in direct-chill, semi-continuously cast billets and slabs from aluminum alloys has been solved by the Diffuse Approximate Method (DAM). The solution is based on formulation, which incorporates the mixture continuum physical model, nine-noded support, second order polynomial trial functions, and Gaussian window weighting functions. Realistic boundary conditions and temperature variation of material properties are included. Two-dimensional test case solution is shown, verified by comparison with the Finite Volume Method (FVM) results for coarse and fine grid arrangement.
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  • Two-dimensional Corrosion Pit Initiation and Growth Simulation Model
  • Abstract A two-dimensional corrosion initiation and growth model for aircraft aluminum materials is developed. The model takes into account the electro-chemical parameters as well as specific rules governing corrosion mechanisms. The simulation program is implemented in a cellular automata framework. The corrosion initiation and growth patterns obtained from simulations are compared qualitatively and quantitatively to the experimental data obtained from the Center for Materials Diagnostics at the University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton. The results indicate that the present model effectively captures the corrosion damage process including initiation and growth. The effects of various electro-chemical parameters on the damage growth obtained…
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  • Numerical Analysis of Parameters in a Laminated Beam Model by Radial Basis Functions
  • Abstract In this paper we investigate a thermal driven Micro-Electrical-Mechanical system which was originally designed for inkjet printer to precisely deliver small ink droplets onto paper. In the model, a tiny free-ended beam of metal bends and projects ink onto paper. The model is solved by using the recently developed radial basis functions method. We establish the accuracy of the proposed approach by comparing the numerical results with reported experimental data. Numerical simulations indicate that a light (low composite mass) beam is more stable as it does not oscillate much. A soft (low rigidity) beam results in a higher rate of…
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  • A four-node hybrid assumed-strain finite element for laminated composite plates
  • Abstract Fibre-reinforced plates and shells are finding an increasing interest in engineering applications. Consequently, efficient and robust computational tools are required for the analysis of such structural models. As a matter of fact, a large amount of laminate finite elements have been developed and incorporated in most commercial codes for structural analysis. \newline In this paper a new laminate hybrid assumed-strain plate element is derived within the framework of the First-order Shear Deformation Theory (i.e. assuming that particles of the plate originally lying along a straight line which is normal to the undeformed middle surface remain aligned along a straight line…
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  • Simulation Studies of A 76MM Hydrocyclone
  • Abstract The investigation pertains to establishing a simulation methodology for understanding the separation characteristics of a typical hydrocyclone where the work was carried out using a commercially available CFD software. The studies included water flow profiles, water throughput {\&} product split, particle distribution etc. and the simulated results are further validated with suitably performed experiments. The work essentially highlights the performance of the hydrocyclone using numerical studies where water is used as a primary phase and solid particles as secondary ones. This methodology is expected to be useful in the design of hydrocyclones and optimizing the processes.
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  • Benchmark Solutions for Three-Dimensional Transient Heat Transfer in Two-Dimensional Environments Via the Time Fourier Transform
  • Abstract The evaluation of heat propagation in the time domain generated by transient heat sources placed in the presence of three-dimensional media requires the use of computationally demanding numerical schemes. The implementation of numerical 3D solutions may benefit from the existence of benchmark solutions to test the accuracy of approximate schemes.
    With this purpose inmind, this article presents analyticalnumerical solutions to evaluate the heat-field elicited by monopole heat sources in the presence of three different inclusions, namely, a cylindrical circular solid inclusion, a cylindrical circular cavity with null fluxes and a cavity with null temperatures prescribed along its boundary, buried in…
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  • Velocity Fluctuations in a Particle-Laden Turbulent Flow over a Backward-Facing Step
  • Abstract Dilute gas-particle turbulent flow over a backward-facing step is numerically simulated. Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is used for the continuous phase and a Lagrangian trajectory method is adopted for the particle phase. Four typical locations in the flow field are chosen to investigate the two-phase velocity fluctuations. Time-series velocities of the gas phase with particles of different sizes are obtained. Velocity of the small particles is found to be similar to that of the gas phase, while high frequency noise exists in the velocity of the large particles. While the mean and rms velocities of the gas phase and small…
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