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  • 3D Printing of Polylactic Acid Bioplastic–Carbon Fibres and Twisted Kevlar Composites Through Coextrusion Using Fused Deposition Modeling
  • Abstract Polylactic acid (PLA) bioplastic is a common material used in Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) 3D printing. It is biodegradable and environmentally friendly biopolymer which made out of corn. However, it exhibits weak mechanical properties which reduced its usability as a functional prototype in a real-world application. In the present study, two PLA composites are created through coextruded with 3K carbon fibres and twisted Kevlar string (as core fibre) to form a fibre reinforced parts (FRP). The mechanical strength of printed parts was examined using ASTM D638 standard with a strain rate of 1 mm/min. It has been demonstrated that the…
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  • Effect of Post-Added Water Amount on Pre-Concentrated Bark Foaming Materials by Mechanical Stirring
  • Abstract In this study, pre-concentrated bark, furfuryl alcohol and other biomass raw materials were used to prepare foaming materials by high-speed mechanical stirring without using a foaming agent. We investigated the effect of the postadded water amount on the properties of foaming materials. In particular, we determined basic physical properties of these materials, including the limiting oxygen index (LOI), porosity, thermal conductivity, thermogravimetric analysis, pore size distribution, and microstructure. The results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated that the pore size distribution was uniform and the pore size increased with increasing water volume. Thermogravimetric analysis (TG/ DTG) showed that when the…
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  • Experimental Study on Inert Gas-assisted Laser Cut Veneer Based on LOM
  • Abstract Based on the LOM (Laminated Object Manufacturing) process, an inert gas-assisted laser method for wood cutting was proposed. The carbonization degree of wood surface was improved by the introduction of helium (He) gas, and the influence of process parameters on the carbonization layer of wood surface was solved, it was significance to reduce the post-processing of LOM and improve the quality of forming workpiece. The cherry wood veneer was used as the experimental material, under the condition of the same process parameters, the wood was cut with or without inert gas-assisted, and the influence factors of kerf quality were studied…
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  • Preparation and Characterization of Phenolic Prepolymer Impregnated Chinese Fir by Cyclic Increasing-Pressure Method with Green and Efficient
  • Abstract The Chinese fir wood was impregnated using a cyclic increasingpressure method (CIPM) with phenolic prepolymers as the impregnating modifier. Unmodified Chinese fir and progressive increasing-pressure method (PIPM) impregnated Chinese fir were used as reference samples and were compared and analyzed. The product’s chemical structure, internal morphology, crystal structure, and heat resistance were characterized. The transversal and longitudinal sections showed better filling effects, so that it bore greater external loading and reduced the water storage space. CIPM infused more phenolic prepolymer into the Chinese fir. Not only producing more physical filling but also forming more hydrogen bond associations and chemical bond…
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  • Feasibility Study on Fabrication of Geopolymer Bricks by Wasted Grinding Wheel at Room Temperature
  • Abstract In this study, the feasibility of producing eco-friendly bricks by using geopolymer technology and a waste grinding wheel (WGW) from the grinding wheel industries was investigated. Nowadays, in order to meet industrial needs, for instance, in Taiwan, approximately 500,000 grinding wheels are used annually. That is, a large number of “waste” grinding wheels are produced. Furthermore, few studies have been conducted on the use of WGWs as raw materials in geopolymer applications. The use of geopolymer technology to form bricks can avoid the utilization of clay and cement and even prevent the use of a high-temperature process in kilns. Moreover,…
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  • Utilization of Bayer Red Mud Derived from Bauxite for Belite-Ferroaluminate Cement Production
  • Abstract Bayer red mud (BRM) is a kind of industrial solid waste characterized by huge volume and high alkalinity. Its disposal generates serious environmental pollution and occupies a large number of farmland. The utilization and recycling of BRM is currently a crucial issue and needs to be addressed as soon as possible. The chemical composition of BRM is similar to cement clinker. In this study, the feasibility of preparing Belite-ferroaluminate clinker (BFAC) with different BRM was explored. The physical properties, mechanics performance, radioactivity levels and trace harmful metals leaching were measured. XRD, BEI and EDS were used to characterize the mineral…
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  • Experimental Research of Concrete with Steel Slag Powder and Zeolite Powder
  • Abstract In order to increase use ratio of steel slag solid waste, the concrete containing steel slag powder and zeolite powder as admixtures was prepared by using the orthogonal test method. The effects of water-binder ratio, sand ratio, steel slag powder content and zeolite powder on working properties, mechanical strength and chloride ion permeability of the concrete was studied. It was found that the early strength of the concrete had a decrease with the mixing of steel slag and zeolite powders, but its later strength approached to pure concrete. Moreover, the physical filling and pozzolanic activity of the admixtures increased the…
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  • Chitosan and Carboxymethylchitosan as High Turbidity Water Biocoagulants
  • Abstract Biocoagulants emerges as a promising technology in water treatment, in order to exploit renewable and biodegradable materials. The present work aims to study the coagulant action of chitosan and carboxymethylchitosan on water with very high turbidity (above 300 NTU), contrasting the physicochemical results with those obtained for aluminum sulphate. Carboxymethylchitosan was produced by the Williamson’s ethers synthesis and characterized by potentiometric titration, FTIR and 1 H-NMR. The coagulant tests were performed using synthetic water in a Jar-test equipment, through the induction of high and low velocity gradients, followed by sedimentation. The results showed turbidity and color removal efficiencies above 99%…
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  • Properties of ABS/Organic-Attapulgite Nanocomposites Parts Fabricated by Fused Deposition Modeling
  • Abstract The paper discusses the mechanical and thermal performance manifested in natural nanorods attapulgite (ATP) reinforced Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) nanocomposites in the process of fused deposition modeling (FDM). Molten extrusion technique was taken to manufacture the filaments of ABS/organic-attapulgite (OAT) nanocomposites with different mass fraction and the printing operation was made by one commercial FDM three-dimensional (3D) printer. Results indicate that the mechanical performance of these FDM 3D printed specimens are improved obviously via the introduction of OAT, and tensile strength of the ABS/OAT nanocomposites parts with only 2 wt% OAT addition is enhanced by 48.1%. At the same time,…
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  • Analysis of the Mechanism and Effectiveness of Lignin in Improving the High-Temperature Thermal Stability of Asphalt
  • Abstract The use of lignin, which is a by-product of the pulp and paper industry, in the development of asphalt binders would contribute to waste reduction, providing environmental, economic, and social benefits. In this study, samples of lignin-modified asphalt binder samples with different content of lignin (3%, 6%, 9%, 12%, and 15%) and unmodified asphalt (control) were tested using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic shear rheometer (DSR), and thermogravimetry. The mechanism and effectiveness of lignin in improving the thermal stability of asphalt at high temperatures were analyzed. The FTIR analysis shows that no new characteristic absorption peak is seen in…
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