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  • Experimental Study on Permeability Characteristics of Geotubes for Seepage Analysis on Safety Assessment of Dams
  • Abstract Geotubes are heterogeneous structures composed of filling sand and bag material, and its permeability characteristics are different from that of filling sand. The uncertainty of geotubes permeability characteristics results in the failure of seepage analysis of geotube dams, which restricts the safety assessment of the dams. As the basis of the study on the seepage mechanism of the geotubes, the influence of particle grading on permeability coefficient of filling sand and sand covered with geotextiles were explored by the permeability tests of filling sand with different particle grading under the condition of sand covered with or without geotextiles. And the…
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  • Research on Concrete Beam Crack Recognition Algorithm Based on Block Threshold Value Image Processing
  • Abstract To solve the problem that the digital image recognition accuracy of concrete structure cracks is not high under the condition of uneven illumination and complex surface color of concrete structure, this paper has proposed a block segmentation method of maximum entropy threshold based on the digital image data obtained by the ACTIS automatic detection system. The steps in this research are as follows: 1. The crack digital images of concrete specimens with typical features were collected by using the Actis system of KURABO Co., Ltd., of Japan in the concrete beam bending test. 2. The images are segmented into blocks…
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  • A Deep Learning Based Approach for Response Prediction of Beam-like Structures
  • Abstract Beam-like structures are a class of common but important structures in engineering. Over the past few centuries, extensive research has been carried out to obtain the static and dynamic response of beam-like structures. Although building the finite element model to predict the response of these structures has proven to be effective, it is not always suitable in all the application cases because of high computational time or lack of accuracy. This paper proposes a novel approach to predict the deflection response of beam-like structures based on a deep neural network and the governing differential equation of Euler-Bernoulli beam. The Prandtl-Ishlinskii…
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  • Damage Detection for CFRP Based on Planar Electrical Capacitance Tomography
  • Abstract Due to the widespread use of carbon fiber reinforced polymer/plastic (CFRP), the nondestructive structural health monitoring for CFRP is playing an increasingly essential role. As a nonradiative, noninvasive and nondestructive detection technique, planar electrical capacitance tomography (PECT) electrodes array is employed in this paper to reconstruct the damage image according to the calculated dielectric constant changes. The shape and duty ratio of PECT electrodes are optimized according to the relations between sensitivity distribution and the dielectric constant of different anisotropic degrees. The sensitivity matrix of optimized PECT sensor is more uniform as the result shows, because the sensitivity of insensitivity…
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  • Ambient Vibration Testings and Field Investigations of Two Historical Buildings in Europe
  • Abstract In this study, the methodology and results of ambient vibration-based investigations of the historical Tash Mosque in Kosovo and a 3-story historical building in Bulgaria are presented. The investigations include full-scale in situ testing of both structures due to ambient vibrations induced by micro-seismic, wind, traffic, and other human activities. To this aim, Ranger seismometers and Kinemetric products were used. Measurements were performed in both horizontal directions in several points along the structures’ height utilizing a high-speed data acquisition device. All recorded data have been analyzed and processed by the software developed at IZIIS, and then the processed data were…
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  • Long-Term Bending Behaviour of Prestressed Glulam Bamboo-Wood Beam Based on Creep Effect
  • Abstract Creep is an important characteristic of bamboo and wood materials under long-term loading. This paper aims to study the long-term bending behaviour of prestressed glulam bamboo-wood beam (GBWB). For this, 14 pre-stressed GBWBs were selected and subjected to a long-term loading test for 60 days. Then, a comparative analysis was performed for the effects of pretension values, the number of pre-stressed wires, and long-term load on the stress variation of the steel wire and the long-term deflection of the beam midspan. The test results showed that with the number of prestressed wires increasing, the total stress of the steel wire…
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  • Comparison of Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation and Field Measurement of Internal Defects in Assembled Concrete Detected by Ultrasonic Waves
  • Abstract Analyze and compare the basic principles of ultrasonic detection of voids in concrete, choose ZBL-U520/510 non-metallic ultrasonic detector, and use the opposite detection method to test the void size in the joints of prefabricated concrete structures. The results show that: ultrasonic method by testing the waveform, sound, and speed of sound analysis can effectively determine the position of the defect, and through the conversion formula can estimate the void size. Ultrasonic parameters are used to distinguish the internal defects of Assembly concrete. Sometimes there are different results with different parameters. It is difficult for engineers to directly determine the internal…
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  • Influencing Factors of Load Carrying Capacity and Cooperative Work Laws of Metro Uplift Piles
  • Abstract The buoyancy of groundwater can reduce the foundation bearing capacity and cause the metro tunnels to float as a whole, which threatens the safety of structures seriously. Therefore, uplift piles are set up to improve the structural stability. In this paper, FLAC3D software is used to establish the calculation models of pile foundation. The bearing failure process of uplift piles was simulated to study the influencing factors on single pile load bearing capacity as well as the cooperative work laws of pile groups. The load-displacement curves of pile top under different length-diameter ratios, pile-soil interface characteristics and pile types are…
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  • Fatigue Performance Evaluation for Welded Details in Orthotropic Steel Deck Bridges Using Multi-Scale Finite Element Method
  • Abstract In order to study the fatigue properties of rib-to-deck welded connection and rib-to-rib welded connection in orthotropic steel bridge decks, a multi-scale finite element model was set up to analyze the stress distribution characteristics and the load test was conducted on the Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge. Comparing the vehicle test results with the multi-scale finite element model results to verify the accuracy of the finite element simulation for the stress response of two welded details. The results indicated that: The stress at the rib-to-deck welded connection and the rib-to-rib welded connection are the bending stress and the membrane stress, respectively;…
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  • Dynamic Simulation of Cracked Buildings for Damage Detection
  • Abstract A dynamic simulation method for cracked structures is implemented to determine their dynamic response with the purpose of evaluating their structural behavior. The procedure makes possible the simulation of three-dimensional cracked structures. The excitation force is randomly generated to simulate wind gusts. It is assumed the structure remains in the elastic range, which allows for each mode that contributes to its dynamic response to be decoupled. The results indicate that the presence of damage causes changes in the modals parameters of the structure as accurate as other similar methods proposed for simpler structures. Therefore, it is concluded that the proposed…
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