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  • Open Access


    Machine-Learning-Enabled Obesity Level Prediction Through Electronic Health Records

    Saeed Ali Alsareii1, Muhammad Awais2,*, Abdulrahman Manaa Alamri1, Mansour Yousef AlAsmari1, Muhammad Irfan3, Mohsin Raza2, Umer Manzoor4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3715-3728, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035687

    Abstract Obesity is a critical health condition that severely affects an individual’s quality of life and well-being. The occurrence of obesity is strongly associated with extreme health conditions, such as cardiac diseases, diabetes, hypertension, and some types of cancer. Therefore, it is vital to avoid obesity and or reverse its occurrence. Incorporating healthy food habits and an active lifestyle can help to prevent obesity. In this regard, artificial intelligence (AI) can play an important role in estimating health conditions and detecting obesity and its types. This study aims to see obesity levels in adults by implementing AI-enabled machine learning on a… More >

  • Open Access


    Question-Answering Pair Matching Based on Question Classification and Ensemble Sentence Embedding

    Jae-Seok Jang1, Hyuk-Yoon Kwon2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3471-3489, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035570

    Abstract Question-answering (QA) models find answers to a given question. The necessity of automatically finding answers is increasing because it is very important and challenging from the large-scale QA data sets. In this paper, we deal with the QA pair matching approach in QA models, which finds the most relevant question and its recommended answer for a given question. Existing studies for the approach performed on the entire dataset or datasets within a category that the question writer manually specifies. In contrast, we aim to automatically find the category to which the question belongs by employing the text classification model and… More >

  • Open Access


    Community Discovery Algorithm Based on Multi-Relationship Embedding

    Dongming Chen, Mingshuo Nie, Jie Wang, Dongqi Wang*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 2809-2820, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035494

    Abstract Complex systems in the real world often can be modeled as network structures, and community discovery algorithms for complex networks enable researchers to understand the internal structure and implicit information of networks. Existing community discovery algorithms are usually designed for single-layer networks or single-interaction relationships and do not consider the attribute information of nodes. However, many real-world networks consist of multiple types of nodes and edges, and there may be rich semantic information on nodes and edges. The methods for single-layer networks cannot effectively tackle multi-layer information, multi-relationship information, and attribute information. This paper proposes a community discovery algorithm based… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Utilization-Based Adaptive Data Management Method for Distributed Storage System in WAN Environment

    Sanghyuck Nam1, Jaehwan Lee2, Kyoungchan Kim3, Mingyu Jo1, Sangoh Park1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3457-3469, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035428

    Abstract Recently, research on a distributed storage system that efficiently manages a large amount of data has been actively conducted following data production and demand increase. Physical expansion limits exist for traditional standalone storage systems, such as I/O and file system capacity. However, the existing distributed storage system does not consider where data is consumed and is more focused on data dissemination and optimizing the lookup cost of data location. And this leads to system performance degradation due to low locality occurring in a Wide Area Network (WAN) environment with high network latency. This problem hinders deploying distributed storage systems to… More >

  • Open Access


    Facial Emotion Recognition Using Swarm Optimized Multi-Dimensional DeepNets with Losses Calculated by Cross Entropy Function

    A. N. Arun1,*, P. Maheswaravenkatesh2, T. Jayasankar2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3285-3301, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.035356

    Abstract The human face forms a canvas wherein various non-verbal expressions are communicated. These expressional cues and verbal communication represent the accurate perception of the actual intent. In many cases, a person may present an outward expression that might differ from the genuine emotion or the feeling that the person experiences. Even when people try to hide these emotions, the real emotions that are internally felt might reflect as facial expressions in the form of micro expressions. These micro expressions cannot be masked and reflect the actual emotional state of a person under study. Such micro expressions are on display for… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Quad Channel Long Short-Term Memory Based Fake News Classification on English Corpus

    Manar Ahmed Hamza1,*, Hala J. Alshahrani2, Khaled Tarmissi3, Ayman Yafoz4, Amal S. Mehanna5, Ishfaq Yaseen1, Amgad Atta Abdelmageed1, Mohamed I. Eldesouki6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3303-3319, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034823

    Abstract The term ‘corpus’ refers to a huge volume of structured datasets containing machine-readable texts. Such texts are generated in a natural communicative setting. The explosion of social media permitted individuals to spread data with minimal examination and filters freely. Due to this, the old problem of fake news has resurfaced. It has become an important concern due to its negative impact on the community. To manage the spread of fake news, automatic recognition approaches have been investigated earlier using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) techniques. To perform the medicinal text classification tasks, the ML approaches were applied, and… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Attention-Based Strategy for Anomaly Detection in Surveillance Video

    Sareer Ul Amin1, Yongjun Kim2, Irfan Sami3, Sangoh Park1,*, Sanghyun Seo4,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3939-3958, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034805

    Abstract In the present technological world, surveillance cameras generate an immense amount of video data from various sources, making its scrutiny tough for computer vision specialists. It is difficult to search for anomalous events manually in these massive video records since they happen infrequently and with a low probability in real-world monitoring systems. Therefore, intelligent surveillance is a requirement of the modern day, as it enables the automatic identification of normal and aberrant behavior using artificial intelligence and computer vision technologies. In this article, we introduce an efficient Attention-based deep-learning approach for anomaly detection in surveillance video (ADSV). At the input… More >

  • Open Access


    Battle Royale Optimization-Based Resource Scheduling Scheme for Cloud Computing Environment

    Lenin Babu Russeliah1,*, R. Adaline Suji2, D. Bright Anand3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3925-3938, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034727

    Abstract Cloud computing (CC) is developing as a powerful and flexible computational structure for providing ubiquitous service to users. It receives interrelated software and hardware resources in an integrated manner distinct from the classical computational environment. The variation of software and hardware resources were combined and composed as a resource pool. The software no more resided in the single hardware environment, it can be executed on the schedule of resource pools to optimize resource consumption. Optimizing energy consumption in CC environments is the question that allows utilizing several energy conservation approaches for effective resource allocation. This study introduces a Battle Royale… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Deep Hybrid Boltzmann Machine Based Arabic Corpus Classification Model

    Mesfer Al Duhayyim1,*, Badriyya B. Al-onazi2, Mohamed K. Nour3, Ayman Yafoz4, Amal S. Mehanna5, Ishfaq Yaseen6, Amgad Atta Abdelmageed6, Gouse Pasha Mohammed6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 2755-2772, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034609

    Abstract Natural Language Processing (NLP) for the Arabic language has gained much significance in recent years. The most commonly-utilized NLP task is the ‘Text Classification’ process. Its main intention is to apply the Machine Learning (ML) approaches for automatically classifying the textual files into one or more pre-defined categories. In ML approaches, the first and foremost crucial step is identifying an appropriate large dataset to test and train the method. One of the trending ML techniques, i.e., Deep Learning (DL) technique needs huge volumes of different types of datasets for training to yield the best outcomes. The current study designs a… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Sound-Based Early Fault Detection System for Vehicles

    Fawad Nasim1,2,*, Sohail Masood1,2, Arfan Jaffar1,2, Usman Ahmad1, Muhammad Rashid3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3175-3190, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034550

    Abstract An intelligent sound-based early fault detection system has been proposed for vehicles using machine learning. The system is designed to detect faults in vehicles at an early stage by analyzing the sound emitted by the car. Early detection and correction of defects can improve the efficiency and life of the engine and other mechanical parts. The system uses a microphone to capture the sound emitted by the vehicle and a machine-learning algorithm to analyze the sound and detect faults. A possible fault is determined in the vehicle based on this processed sound. Binary classification is done at the first stage… More >

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