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  • The Functions of MicroRNAs and Their Potential Applications in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Gastric Cancer
  • Abstract Gastric cancer is a highly malignant disease with complex pathogenic mechanisms, and has high incidence and mortality rate. At present, the diagnosis of gastric cancer mainly includes gastroscopy, serum analysis and needle biopsy, and the treatment methods include conventional surgical resection, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Yet, some limitations were involved in these diagnostic and therapeutic methods, so accurate targeted therapy has received considerable attention. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA that can interact with the 3-terminal non-translational region of the target gene mRNA to reduce the expression of the target gene, participate in the regulation of multiple signaling pathways, and play an…
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  • Awareness of Human Papilloma Virus and Its Association with Cervical Cancer among Female University Students: A Study from United Arab Emirates
  • Abstract Cervical cancer is the neoplasm of the uterine cervix in women, which is highly preventable. With the advent of vaccination against HPV infection, a gradual decline in the incidence of cervical cancer cases has been observed in developing countries. The developing nations bear the brunt of cervical cancer incidence due to low acceptance of vaccination. This survey-based study was designed to assess the awareness and opinions of female university students regarding human papilloma virus, vaccination and cervical cancer. A survey questionnaire was distributed among female expatriate students (18 to 26 years of age) of a private university. The survey sought…
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  • Formononetin Inhibits Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Proliferation via Regulation of mir-27a-3p through p53 Pathway
  • Abstract Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects of formononetin on human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its potential molecular mechanism. Methods: A549 cells were treated with different concentrations of formononetin, then detected the cell proliferation, apoptosis and the expression of HIPK2 respectively by MTT assay, flow cytometry analysis and RT-qPCR. Then the interaction between miR- 27a-3p and its target gene HIPK2 was verified through luciferase reporter assay. The expression of miR-27a- 3p, HIPK2, and p53 was detected after being treated with different formononetin concentrations by RT-qPCR and western blot. Results: The results showed…
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  • Mir-612 Inhibits Proliferation and Invasion of Urothelial Carcinoma of Bladder Cells through Activating Hippo Pathway via Targeting PMEPA1
  • Abstract Urothelial carcinoma of bladder (UCB) is a common urological malignancy in the world, but its progression mechanism remains unclear. MiR-612 was found as an anti-tumor factor in multiple types of cancer, while few studies have revealed its functions in UCB cells. Based on this, UCB cells such as HTB-9 and HTB-4, and normal urothelial of bladder cells such as SV-Huc1, were used as subjects in this study. Western blot, qRTPCR, CCK-8 assay and transwell assay were used to assess functions of miR-612 in UCB cells. The database, miRWalk, was used to search for potential targets of miR-612, and dual-luciferase reporter…
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  • HBx Downregulates miR-422a Expression via Activation of FOXG1/Q1/E1 in HepG2 Cells
  • Abstract microRNA-422a (miR-422a) is downregulated in many hematopoietic tumors and solid tumors including hepatocellular carcinoma. We previously demonstrated that hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) downregulated expression of miR-422a in HCC cell line HepG2 in vitro. However, we explore the mechanisms underlying this action. Forkhead box proteins (FOX) G1/Q1/E1 are known to negatively regulate miR-422a expression, and this prompted us to determine whether HBx suppresses miR-422a expression via activation of FOXG1/Q1/E1. The relationship between FOXG1/Q1/E1 and miR-422a in HepG2 cells stably expressing HBx was assessed with qRT-PCR. The correlation between HBx and FOXG1/Q1/E1 was determined with qRT-PCR and western blot in…
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  • A Nomogram for Predicting Lateral Lymph Node Metastasis in Cases of Papillary Thyroid Micro-Carcinoma with Suspected Lymph Node Metastasis
  • Abstract The elevation for lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) plays an important role in therapeutic decision-making for thyroid carcinoma. A reliable forecasting model for LLNM in patients with papillary thyroid micro-carcinoma (PTMC) is needed, using clinicopathological characteristics. A total of 576 PTMC patients with suspicious lateral cervical lymph node (II, III, IV or V region) metastasis and known clinicopathological variables were randomly collected at Shenzhen Second People’s Hospital. Cervical lymph node status of every patient was assessed by ultrasonography (US). The patients in this cohort study underwent thyroidectomy and lateral neck lymph node dissection. Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis were…
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  • Effect of Cluster Nursing Mode Combined with Blood Pressure Regulation on Surgical Tolerance of Patients with Esophageal Cancer and Hypertension
  • Abstract Objective: To explore the effect of the cluster nursing mode combined with blood pressure regulation on the surgical tolerance of patients with esophageal cancer and hypertension. Methods: The clinical data of 86 patients with esophageal cancer and hypertension treated in our hospital (February 2016–February 2017) were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were randomly split into research group and reference group, with 43 cases in each group. The reference group received routine nursing, while the research group received cluster nursing combined with blood pressure regulation. The SBP, DBP and heart rates at D1 (at admission), D2 (2 h before surgery) and D3…
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