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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genetic Diversity and Population Structure Analysis of Barley Landraces from Shanghai Region Using Genotyping-by-Sequencing

    Luli Li1,2, Nigel G. Halford3, Huihui Wang4, Yingjie Zong1, Zhenzhu Guo1, Ruiju Lu1, Chenghong Liu1, Zhiwei Chen1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1275-1287, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026946

    Abstract Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is an important economic crop for food, feed and industrial raw materials. In the present research, 112 barley landraces from the Shanghai region were genotyped using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), and the genetic diversity and population structure were analyzed. The results showed that 210,268 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) were present in total, and the average poly-morphism information content (PIC) was 0.1642. Genetic diversity and population structure analyses suggested that these barley landraces were differentiated and could be divided into three sub-groups, with morphological traits of row-type and adherence of the hulls the main distinguishing factors between groups. Genotypes… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Selection and Validation of Reference Genes for Normalization of RT-qPCR Analysis in Developing or Abiotic-Stressed Tissues of Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica)

    Shoukai Lin1,2,#, Shichang Xu1,#, Liyan Huang1, Fuxiang Qiu1, Yihong Zheng1, Qionghao Liu1, Shiwei Ma1,2, Bisha Wu1,2, Jincheng Wu1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1185-1201, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026752

    Abstract Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) is a subtropical evergreen fruit tree that produces fruits with abundant nutrients and medicinal components. Confirming suitable reference genes for a set of loquat samples before qRT-PCR experiments is essential for the accurate quantification of gene expression. In this study, eight candidate reference genes were selected from our previously published RNA-seq data, and primers for each candidate reference gene were designed and evaluated. The Cq values of the candidate reference genes were calculated by RT-qPCR in 31 different loquat samples, including 12 subgroups of developing or abiotic-stressed tissues. Different combinations of stable reference genes were screened… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lack of Tocopherol Inhibits Rice Growth by Triggering an Ectopic Stress Response and the Accumulation of DELLA Protein

    Di Wang1,#,*, Hao Gao1,#, Jian Wang1, Baoshan Cheng1, Gang Li1, Weijun Xu1, Xi Liu2,3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1173-1183, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026526

    Abstract Although tocopherols are essential for rice development, the molecular details by which their absence affects development remain to be determined. To study how tocopherols function during rice development, we performed a transcriptome deep sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis of the rice cultivar Nipponbare (Nip) and the tocopherol-deficient mutant small grain and dwarf 1-2 (sgd1-2). We identified 563 differentially expressed genes that were enriched in Gene Ontology categories associated with metabolism, stress, cellular responses, and transcriptional regulation. We determined that the total fatty acid composition of Nip and sgd1-2 was comparable, although cell membrane penetrability in sgd1-2 was significantly higher than in Nip… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Transcriptome Analyses Reveal Genes Related to Spine Development in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)

    Yue Chen1,2,#, Huan Wang1,#, Taibai Xu1, Peng Zhou1, Junsong Pan2, Weiwei She1,*, Weiwei Zhang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1059-1070, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026486

    Abstract Fruit spine is an important quality trait of cucumber. To better understand the molecular basis of cucumber spine development and function, RNA-Seq was performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in fruit spines of different development stages, namely, 8 days before anthesis (SpBA8), anthesis (SpA) and 8 days after anthesis (SpAA8). Stage-wise comparisons obtained 2,259 (SpBA8 vs. SpA), 4,551 (SpA vs. SpAA8), and 5,290 (SpBA8 vs. SpAA8) DEGs. All the DEGs were classified into eight expression clusters by trend analysis. Among these DEGs, in addition to the Mict, Tril, CsTTG1, CsMYB6, NS, and Tu genes that have been reported to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development of Molecular Marker Linked with Cercospora Leaf Spot (CLS) Disease Resistance in Vigna radiata, Cloning, and Expression for Evaluating Antifungal Activity against Cercospora canescens

    Maria Babar1, Siddra Ijaz1,*, Imran Ul Haq2, Muhammad Sarwar Khan1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1289-1300, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026469

    Abstract We developed a molecular marker for MAS of mungbean resistant varieties against CLS from the consensus sequence (MB-CLsRG) of identified RGAs (MB-ClsRCaG1 and MB-ClsRCaG2). The MB-CLsRG sequence-specific primer pair was used to screen Cercospora leaf spot (CLS) resistant varieties of mungbean in genomic analysis that showed congruency with phenotypic screening. Validation of molecular marker linkage with CLS resistance was performed using rtPCR in transcriptomic analysis. The sequenced PCR products showed 100% homology with MB-CLsRG sequence and putative disease resistance proteins that confirmed the linkage of molecular marker with CLS resistance in mungbean. The antifungal potential of MB-CLsRG gene encoding protein… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biomechanical Response of the Root System in Tomato Seedlings under Wind Disturbance

    Zhengguang Liu1, Jun Yang1, Tobi Fadiji2, Zhiguo Li1,*, Jiheng Ni3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1071-1090, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026408

    Abstract Wind disturbance as a green method can effectively prevent the overgrowth of tomato seedlings, and its mechanism may be related to root system mechanics. This study characterized the biophysical mechanical properties of taproot and lateral roots of tomato seedlings at five seedling ages and seedling substrates with three different moisture content. The corresponding root system-substrate finite element (FE) model was then developed and validated. The study showed that seedling age significantly affected the biomechanical properties of the taproot and lateral roots of the seedlings and that moisture content significantly affected the biomechanical properties of the seedling substrate (p < 0.05).… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Light Promotes Protein Stability of Auxin Response Factor 7

    Shucai Wang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1153-1160, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026355

    Abstract Light is an environmental signaling, whereas Aux/IAA proteins and Auxin Response Factors (ARFs) are regulators of auxin signalling. Aux/IAA proteins are unstable, and their degradation dependents on 26S ubiquitin-proteasome and is promoted by Auxin. Auxin binds directly to a SCF-type ubiquitin-protein ligase, TIR1, facilitates the interaction between Aux/IAA proteins and TIR1, and then the degradation of Aux/IAA proteins. A few studies have reported that some ARFs are also unstable proteins, and their degradation is also mediated by 26S proteasome. In this study, by using of antibodies recognizing endogenous ARF7 proteins, we found that protein stability of ARF7 was affected by… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    β-Cyclodextrin-Based Nitrosoglutathione Improves the Storage Quality of Peach by Regulating the Metabolism of Endogenous Nitric Oxide, Hydrogen Sulfide, and Phenylpropane

    Chen Chen, Shuhua Zhu*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1091-1107, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026331

    Abstract Nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) exhibit positive roles in regulating fruit quality. However, there are few reports about the effects of GSNO and β-CD on enhancing storability and boosting nitric oxide (NO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and phenylpropane metabolism in fruits during storage. “Xintaihong” peach were treated with 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 mmol L−1 GSNO in 0.5% (w/v) β-CD solution (GSNO/β-CD). The effects of GSNO/β-CD on endogenous NO, H2S, and phenylpropane metabolism were investigated. Treatment with GSNO/β-CD increased the color difference of peach and inhibited the increase of respiratory intensity, weight loss, and relative conductivity. Treatment with 1.0 mmol L−1 GSNO/β-CD increased… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Genetic and Biochemical Mechanisms Underlying Cereal Seed Dormancy

    Sasa Jing1, Yuan Tian1, Heng Zhang2, John T. Hancock3, Ying Zhu2,*, Ping Li1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1203-1214, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026305

    Abstract The crop seeds have been a staple food for humans, and seed yield is important for sustaining agriculture development and enhancing human adaptability to food risks. The phenomenon of pre-harvest sprouting (PHS), caused by seed dormancy deficiency, and the phenomenon of low seedling emergence caused by seed deep dormancy, will lead to a reduction in agricultural production. Therefore, it is particularly important to understand the regulation mechanisms of seed dormancy. There are many studies on the regulation of seed dormancy in rice, but there are few studies on the regulation of seed dormancy in other crops, and the research on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    VvAGAMOUS Affect Development of Four Different Grape Species Ovary

    Pengfei Zhang1,#, Yuqin Zhang1,#, Qifeng Zhao2, Tiequan Niu1, Pengfei Wen1,*, Jinjun Liang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.4, pp. 1125-1138, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026227

    Abstract Grape pistil has an important influence on fruit size and quality. However, there were few studies on grape ovary, and the development process of the ovary is still unclear. Therefore, in this paper, four different grape varieties with different lengths of small inflorescences, namely ‘Musct Hambourg’ grape (Vitis vinifera), ‘Concord’ grape (Vitis labrusca), ‘ShanPuTao’ grape (Vitis amurensis) and ‘GongNiang2Hao’ grape (Vitis amurensis × Vitis vinifera) were used as test materials. Four varieties ovary were significant differences by means of stereomicroscope, paraffin section. The expression of ovary determining gene VvAGAMOUS (VvAG) and its development related genes VvCRABS CLAW (VvCRC) and VvAGAMOUS-LIKE 11 … More >

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