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  • Impact of Coronary Artery Curvature on the Longitudinal Stent Foreshortening: Real-World Observations
  • Abstract Longitudinal stent foreshortening is a known phenomenon, however, the impact of coronary artery curvature on longitudinal stent foreshortening remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of coronary artery curvature on the longitudinal stent foreshortening in the real-world scenarios. A total of 86 consecutive patients underwent coronary stent implantation were included in the present study. The degree of coronary artery curvature was defined as the length of the coronary artery curvature divided by the straight length. Longitudinal stent foreshortening was defined as the stent length after implantation divided by the stent length before implantation. The mean…
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  • Analysis of the Movement Track of Top Spinning Ball and Biomechanics in the Process of Hitting Tennis Ball
  • Abstract The aim of this study is to analyze the movement track of top spinning tennis ball and the biomechanics characteristics of tennis players. This study took ten tennis players as an example. The hitting process of the top spinning ball was captured by two PULNIX high-speed cameras. The images were processed by APAS motion analysis system. The results showed that the top spinning ball moved forward while rotating in the hitting process and showed a large attack force after rebounding from the land. In biomechanics, A and B had larger angles of upper limb joints and larger joint speed. The…
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  • Comparison of Detection and Classification of Hard Exudates Using Artificial Neural System vs. SVM Radial Basis Function in Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Abstract Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a disease that occurs in the eye which results in blindness as it passes to proliferative stage. Diabetes can significantly result in symptoms like blurring of vision, kidney failure, nervous damage. Hence it has become necessary to identify retinal damage that occurs in diabetic eye due to raised glucose level in its initial stage itself. Hence automated detection of anamoly has become very essential. The appearance of crimson and yellow lesions is considered as the earliest symptoms of DR which are called as hemorrhages and exudates. If DR is analysed at initial stage, blindness does not…
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  • Surface Topography Assessments of Spine Shape Change within the Day in Healthy Male Adults
  • Abstract Surface topography is a no-invasive, radiation-free method that can measure sufficient surface spine parameters by the structured back surface scan and a precise anatomical landmarks recognition. The purpose of the present study was to measure the spine shape parameter changes within the day via the DIERS Formetric 4D analysis system. Ten male healthy volunteers were recruited to participate in the experiment. All participants were sedentary people with the average sitting time during study or work t ≥ 8 h and without any back disease in the past six months. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, which set time points within…
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  • Study of Hepatocytes Polyploidization Peculiarities in Cholestatic Liver of Adult Rats
  • Abstract According to the literature, different mechanisms and kinetics proceeding of regenerative growth has been established using the basic models of liver regeneration (after resection or chemically induced). Hence, in order to determine general regularities of the adaptive-compensatory processes in various pathological conditions, the processes taking place in the cholestatic liver of adult white rats during the first four days after common bile duct ligation have been studied. It has been shown that in cholestatic liver, compensatory-adaptive processes take place with different kinetics compared to those after resection. In particular, in response to the increased functional load caused by destructive processes…
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  • Effect of Mechanical Forces on the Behavior of Dental Stem Cells: A Scoping Review of In-Vitro Studies
  • Abstract This article is a scoping review of the studies that assessed the effect of mechanical forces on the behavior of dental stem cells (DSCs). PubMed and Scopus searches were done for in-vitro studies evaluating the effect of tension, hydrostatic pressure (i.e., the pressure applied through an incompressible fluid), compression, simulated microgravity, and vibration on DSCs. The following factors were analyzed: osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation, proliferation, adhesion and migration. Articles were reviewed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guideline. Included studies were evaluated based on the modified Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). A total…
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  • Study on the Effect of PNF Method on the Flexibility and Strength Quality of Stretching Muscles of Shoulder Joints of Swimmers
  • Abstract In the process of swimming, the shoulder joint will be damaged when the arm is stroking. To reduce the injury of shoulder joints and improve the speed of stroke, it is necessary to train the flexibility of shoulder joints. This paper briefly introduced the concept of shoulder joint and flexibility and then explained the traditional stretching training method and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching method. Then, taking 20 college team swimmers of Yunnan University as the subjects, the comparative experiment of the traditional and PNF stretching methods was carried out. The results showed that the shoulder rotation index of the…
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  • Motion Features of Legs in Volleyball Block Jump Based on Biomechanical Analysis
  • Abstract Blocking technology is one of the most important means to obtain score in volleyball, which has a great influence on the victory of the game. In this study, the vertical jump was analyzed to understand the movement characteristics of legs during training time. The kinematics and dynamics data of the legs of 10 volleyball players after training for 0 h, 0.5 h, 1 h and 2 h were studied by using an infrared light point motion capture system and force measuring platform. The results showed that the joint angles of the players who had 1 h and 2 h of…
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  • Determination of Cup to Disc Ratio Using Unsupervised Machine Learning Techniques for Glaucoma Detection
  • Abstract The cup nerve head, optic cup, optic disc ratio and neural rim configuration are observed as important for detecting glaucoma at an early stage in clinical practice. The main clinical indicator of glaucoma optic cup to disc ratio is currently determined manually by limiting the mass screening was potential. This paper proposes the following methods for an automatic cup to disc ratio determination. In the first part of the work, fundus image of the optic disc region is considered. Clustering means K is used automatically to extract the optic disc whereas K-value is automatically selected by algorithm called hill climbing.…
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