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  • Open Access


    Route Planning for Autonomous Transmission of Large Sport Utility Vehicle

    V. A. Vijayakumar*, J. Shanthini, S. Karthik, K. Srihari

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 659-669, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.028400

    Abstract The autonomous driving aims at ensuring the vehicle to effectively sense the environment and use proper strategies to navigate the vehicle without the interventions of humans. Hence, there exist a prediction of the background scenes and that leads to discontinuity between the predicted and planned outputs. An optimal prediction engine is required that suitably reads the background objects and make optimal decisions. In this paper, the author(s) develop an autonomous model for vehicle driving using ensemble model for large Sport Utility Vehicles (SUVs) that uses three different modules involving (a) recognition model, (b) planning model and (c) prediction model. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Towards Securing Machine Learning Models Against Membership Inference Attacks

    Sana Ben Hamida1,2, Hichem Mrabet3,4, Sana Belguith5,*, Adeeb Alhomoud6, Abderrazak Jemai7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.3, pp. 4897-4919, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019709

    Abstract From fraud detection to speech recognition, including price prediction, Machine Learning (ML) applications are manifold and can significantly improve different areas. Nevertheless, machine learning models are vulnerable and are exposed to different security and privacy attacks. Hence, these issues should be addressed while using ML models to preserve the security and privacy of the data used. There is a need to secure ML models, especially in the training phase to preserve the privacy of the training datasets and to minimise the information leakage. In this paper, we present an overview of ML threats and vulnerabilities, and we highlight current progress… More >

  • Open Access


    MIA-UNet: Multi-Scale Iterative Aggregation U-Network for Retinal Vessel Segmentation

    Linfang Yu, Zhen Qin*, Yi Ding, Zhiguang Qin

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.129, No.2, pp. 805-828, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.017332

    Abstract As an important part of the new generation of information technology, the Internet of Things (IoT) has been widely concerned and regarded as an enabling technology of the next generation of health care system. The fundus photography equipment is connected to the cloud platform through the IoT, so as to realize the real-time uploading of fundus images and the rapid issuance of diagnostic suggestions by artificial intelligence. At the same time, important security and privacy issues have emerged. The data uploaded to the cloud platform involves more personal attributes, health status and medical application data of patients. Once leaked, abused… More >

  • Open Access


    Security and Privacy Aspects of Cloud Computing: A Smart Campus Case Study

    Sajid Habib Gill1, Mirza Abdur Razzaq1, Muneer Ahmad2, Fahad M. Almansour3, Ikram Ul Haq4, NZ Jhanjhi5,*, Malik Zaib Alam6, Mehedi Masud7

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 117-128, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.016597

    Abstract The trend of cloud computing is accelerating along with emerging technologies such as utility computing, grid computing, and distributed computing. Cloud computing is showing remarkable potential to provide flexible, cost-effective, and powerful resources across the internet, and is a driving force in today’s most prominent computing technologies. The cloud offers the means to remotely access and store data while virtual machines access data over a network resource. Furthermore, cloud computing plays a leading role in the fourth industrial revolution. Everyone uses the cloud daily life when accessing Dropbox, various Google services, and Microsoft Office 365. While there are many advantages… More >

  • Open Access


    Security and Privacy in 5G Internet of Vehicles (IoV) Environment

    Benjamin Kwapong Osibo1, Chengbo Zhang1, Changsen Xia1, Guanzhe Zhao2, Zilong Jin1,3,*

    Journal on Internet of Things, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 77-86, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jiot.2021.017943

    Abstract Modern vehicles are equipped with sensors, communication, and computation units that make them capable of providing monitoring services and analysis of real-time traffic information to improve road safety. The main aim of communication in vehicular networks is to achieve an autonomous driving environment that is accident-free alongside increasing road use quality. However, the demanding specifications such as high data rate, low latency, and high reliability in vehicular networks make 5G an emerging solution for addressing the current vehicular network challenges. In the 5G IoV environment, various technologies and models are deployed, making the environment open to attacks such as Sybil,… More >

  • Open Access


    NVM Storage in IoT Devices: Opportunities and Challenges

    Yang Liu1, Shan Zhao1,*, Wenhan Chen1, Xuran Ge1, Fang Liu2, Shuo Li3, Nong Xiao1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.38, No.3, pp. 393-409, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.017224

    Abstract Edge storage stores the data directly at the data collection point, and does not need to transmit the collected data to the storage central server through the network. It is a critical technology that supports applications such as edge computing and 5G network applications, with lower network communication overhead, lower interaction delay and lower bandwidth cost. However, with the explosion of data and higher real-time requirements, the traditional Internet of Things (IoT) storage architecture cannot meet the requirements of low latency and large capacity. Non-volatile memory (NVM) presents new possibilities regarding this aspect. This paper classifies the different storage architectures… More >

  • Open Access


    Smart Contract: Security and Privacy

    Leena S. Alotaibi, Sultan S. Alshamrani*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.38, No.1, pp. 93-101, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.015547

    Abstract Smart contracts are simply self-activated contracts between two parties. The idea behind their implementation relies on the concept of blockchain, wherein the details and execution of the contract are turned into code and distributed among users of a network. This process controls counterfeiting and money laundering by its ability to trace who owes whom. It also boosts the general economy. This research paper shows how smart contracts in modern-day systems have changed the approach to money tracing. We present case studies about the uses of smart contracts with high levels of security and privacy. As a building block of smart… More >

  • Open Access


    Cyber Security and Privacy Issues in Industrial Internet of Things

    NZ Jhanjhi1, Mamoona Humayun2,*, Saleh N. Almuayqil2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 361-380, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.015206

    Abstract The emergence of industry 4.0 stems from research that has received a great deal of attention in the last few decades. Consequently, there has been a huge paradigm shift in the manufacturing and production sectors. However, this poses a challenge for cybersecurity and highlights the need to address the possible threats targeting (various pillars of) industry 4.0. However, before providing a concrete solution certain aspect need to be researched, for instance, cybersecurity threats and privacy issues in the industry. To fill this gap, this paper discusses potential solutions to cybersecurity targeting this industry and highlights the consequences of possible attacks… More >

  • Open Access


    Device Security Assessment of Internet of Healthcare Things

    Abdulaziz Attaallah1, Masood Ahmad2, Md Tarique Jamal Ansari2, Abhishek Kumar Pandey2, Rajeev Kumar2,3,*, Raees Ahmad Khan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 593-603, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.015092

    Abstract Security of the Internet of Healthcare Things (IoHT) devices plays a vital role in e-healthcare today and there has been a rapid increase in the use of networked devices of IoHT in the present healthcare services. However, these networked devices are also highly vulnerable to attackers who constantly target the security of devices and their components to gain access to the patients’ data. Infringement of patients’ data is not only a violation of privacy but can also jeopardize patients’ health if the health records are tampered with. Once the device has been intruded upon, attackers can not only change the… More >

  • Open Access


    OTS Scheme Based Secure Architecture for Energy-Efficient IoT in Edge Infrastructure

    Sushil Kumar Singh1, Yi Pan2, Jong Hyuk Park1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2905-2922, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014151

    Abstract For the past few decades, the Internet of Things (IoT) has been one of the main pillars wielding significant impact on various advanced industrial applications, including smart energy, smart manufacturing, and others. These applications are related to industrial plants, automation, and e-healthcare fields. IoT applications have several issues related to developing, planning, and managing the system. Therefore, IoT is transforming into G-IoT (Green Internet of Things), which realizes energy efficiency. It provides high power efficiency, enhances communication and networking. Nonetheless, this paradigm did not resolve all smart applications’ challenges in edge infrastructure, such as communication bandwidth, centralization, security, and privacy.… More >

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