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  • Open Access


    Container-Based Internet of Vehicles Edge Application Migration Mechanism

    Sujie Shao, Shihan Tian*, Shaoyong Guo, Xuesong Qiu

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 4867-4891, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038280

    Abstract Internet of Vehicles (IoV) applications integrating with edge computing will significantly drive the growth of IoV. However, the contradiction between the high-speed mobility of vehicles, the delay sensitivity of corresponding IoV applications and the limited coverage and resource capacity of distributed edge servers will pose challenges to the service continuity and stability of IoV applications. IoV application migration is a promising solution that can be supported by application containerization, a technology forseamless cross-edge-server application migration without user perception. Therefore, this paper proposes the container-based IoV edge application migration mechanism, consisting of three parts. The first is the migration trigger determination… More >

  • Open Access


    Secure Blockchain-Enabled Internet of Vehicles Scheme with Privacy Protection

    Jiansheng Zhang1, Yang Xin1,*, Yuyan Wang2, Xiaohui Lei2, Yixian Yang1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 6185-6199, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038029

    Abstract The car-hailing platform based on Internet of Vehicles (IoV) technology greatly facilitates passengers’ daily car-hailing, enabling drivers to obtain orders more efficiently and obtain more significant benefits. However, to match the driver closest to the passenger, it is often necessary to process the location information of the passenger and driver, which poses a considerable threat to privacy disclosure to the passenger and driver. Targeting these issues, in this paper, by combining blockchain and Paillier homomorphic encryption algorithm, we design a secure blockchain-enabled IoV scheme with privacy protection for online car-hailing. In this scheme, firstly, we propose an encryption scheme based… More >

  • Open Access


    Traffic Management in Internet of Vehicles Using Improved Ant Colony Optimization

    Abida Sharif1, Imran Sharif1, Muhammad Asim Saleem2, Muhammad Attique Khan3, Majed Alhaisoni4, Marriam Nawaz5,6, Abdullah Alqahtani7, Ye Jin Kim8, Byoungchol Chang9,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5379-5393, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034413

    Abstract The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is a networking paradigm related to the intercommunication of vehicles using a network. In a dynamic network, one of the key challenges in IoV is traffic management under increasing vehicles to avoid congestion. Therefore, optimal path selection to route traffic between the origin and destination is vital. This research proposed a realistic strategy to reduce traffic management service response time by enabling real-time content distribution in IoV systems using heterogeneous network access. Firstly, this work proposed a novel use of the Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm and formulated the path planning optimization problem as an… More >

  • Open Access


    SDN-Enabled Content Dissemination Scheme for the Internet of Vehicles

    Abida Sharif1, Muhammad Imran Sharif1, Muhammad Attique Khan2, Nisar Ali2, Abdullah Alqahtani3, Majed Alhaisoni4, Ye Jin Kim5, Byoungchol Chang6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2383-2396, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033894

    Abstract The content-centric networking (CCN) architecture allows access to the content through name, instead of the physical location where the content is stored, which makes it a more robust and flexible content-based architecture. Nevertheless, in CCN, the broadcast nature of vehicles on the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) results in latency and network congestion. The IoV-based content distribution is an emerging concept in which all the vehicles are connected via the internet. Due to the high mobility of vehicles, however, IoV applications have different network requirements that differ from those of many other networks, posing new challenges. Considering this, a novel strategy… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Vehicular Communication Using Vulnerability Scoring Based Routing Protocol

    M. Ramya Devi*, I. Jasmine Selvakumari Jeya

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 31-45, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026152

    Abstract Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is an intelligent vehicular technology that allows vehicles to communicate with each other via internet. Communications and the Internet of Things (IoT) enable cutting-edge technologies including such self-driving cars. In the existing systems, there is a maximum communication delay while transmitting the messages. The proposed system uses hybrid Co-operative, Vehicular Communication Management Framework called CAMINO (CA). Further it uses, energy efficient fast message routing protocol with Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) methodology for improving the communication delay, throughput. It improves security while transmitting the messages through networks. In this research, we present a unique intelligent vehicular… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Objective Immune Algorithm for Internet of Vehicles for Data Offloading

    B. Gomathi1, S. T. Suganthi2,*, T. N. Prabhu3, Andriy Kovalenko4

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.3, pp. 1851-1860, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.026779

    Abstract On the Internet of Vehicle (IoV) devices, offloading data is the major problem because massive amounts of data generate energy consumption, and the execution cost is high. At present, accidents traffic management is highly prominent due to increased vehicles among the population. IoV is the only technology to help the transport system effectively. This data outreach the memory also has high energy consumption, and the storage cost is high. To overcome these issues, a Mobility aware Offloading scheme with Multi-Objective Immune Optimization algorithm (MOS-MOIO) is used in the cloud storage. The data is generated from the online sensor system. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Resource Load Prediction of Internet of Vehicles Mobile Cloud Computing

    Wenbin Bi1, Fang Yu2, Ning Cao3,*, Russell Higgs4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 165-180, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027776

    Abstract Load-time series data in mobile cloud computing of Internet of Vehicles (IoV) usually have linear and nonlinear composite characteristics. In order to accurately describe the dynamic change trend of such loads, this study designs a load prediction method by using the resource scheduling model for mobile cloud computing of IoV. Firstly, a chaotic analysis algorithm is implemented to process the load-time series, while some learning samples of load prediction are constructed. Secondly, a support vector machine (SVM) is used to establish a load prediction model, and an improved artificial bee colony (IABC) function is designed to enhance the learning ability… More >

  • Open Access


    Data Offloading in the Internet of Vehicles Using a Hybrid Optimization Technique

    A. Backia Abinaya1,*, G. Karthikeyan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.1, pp. 325-338, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.020896

    Abstract The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is utilized for collecting enormous real time information driven traffics and alert drivers depending on situations. In recent times, all smart vehicles are developed with IoT devices. These devices communicate with a radio access unit (RAU) at road side. Moreover, a 5G system is equipped with a base station and connection interfaces that use optic fiber for their effective communication. For a fast mode of communication, the IoV must offload its data to the nearest edge nodes. The main problem with the IoV is that it generates enormous data which is offloaded randomly during the… More >

  • Open Access


    Interference-Aware Transmission Scheduling for Internet of Vehicles

    Mohammad Zubair Khan1,*, Muhammad Awais Javed2, Hamza Ghandorh1, Omar H. Alhazmi1, Khalid S. Aloufi3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.33, No.1, pp. 305-315, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.024091

    Abstract Next-generation Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) use wirelessly connected vehicles for safety and non-safety applications such as autonomous driving, cooperative awareness, route guidance and multimedia transmissions. This network known as the Internet of Vehicles (IoVs) suffers from many challenges such as collisions due to hidden terminals, and interference from simultaneously transmitting vehicles. Moreover, the packet reception ratio of transmissions between vehicles is significantly reduced at high vehicle densities and severe fading scenarios. As safety applications require periodic broadcast of safety messages from each vehicle to all other vehicles in the neighborhood, the development of an efficient medium access technique is a… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimizing Energy Conservation in V2X Communications for 5G Networks

    Arif Husen1,2, Abid Soahil1,*, Mohammad Hijji2, Muhammad Hasanain Chaudary1, Farooq Ahmed1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 3479-3495, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023840

    Abstract The smart vehicles are one of critical enablers for automated services in smart cities to provide intelligent transportation means without human intervention. In order to fulfil requirements, Vehicle-to-Anything(V2X) communications aims to manage massive connectivity and high traffic load on base stations and extend the range over multiple hops in 5G networks. However, V2X networking faces several challenges from dynamic topology caused by high velocity of nodes and routing overhead that degrades the network performance and increases energy consumption. The existing routing scheme for V2X networking lacks energy efficiency and scalability for high velocity nodes with dense distribution. In order to… More >

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