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  • Open Access


    Carbon Capture from Flue Gas Based on the Combination of Non-Contact Hydrophobic Porous Ceramic Membrane and Bubbling Absorption

    Yongde Luo, Jiang Jin*, Hua Zhang*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.7, pp. 3143-3153, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.027396

    Abstract A hybrid system combined with a non-contact membrane and bubbling absorption is proposed to capture CO2 from flue gas. The non-contact way of membrane and liquid absorbent effectively avoids the reduction of gas diffusion flux through the membrane. High-porosity ceramic membranes in hybrid systems are used for gas-solid separation in fuel gas treatment. Due to the high content of H2O and cement dust in the flue gas of the cement plant, the membrane is hydrophobically modified by polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) to improve its anti-water, anti-fouling, and self-cleaning performances. The results show that the diffusion flux of CO2 through the membrane is… More >

  • Open Access



    Zijie Chena , Sanat Modaka, Massoud Kavianya,* , Richard Bonnerb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, No.1, pp. 1-11, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.1

    Abstract In dropwise condensation on vertical surface, droplets grow at nucleation sites, coalesce and reach the departing diameter. In biphilic surfaces, when the hydrophobic domain is small, the maximum droplet diameter is controlled by the shortest dimension where the droplets merge at the boundary. Through direct numerical simulations this size-effect heat transfer coefficient enhancement is calculated. Then the 1-D biphilic surface is optimized considering the size-dependent hydrophilic domain partial flooding (directly simulated as a liquid rivulet and using the capillary limit), the subcooling (heat flux) and condenser length effects. The predicted performance is in good agreement with the available experiments. More >

  • Open Access


    Hydrophobic Small-Molecule Polymers as High-Temperature-Resistant Inhibitors in Water-Based Drilling Fluids

    Xuyang Yao1,*, Kecheng Liu1, Zenan Zhou1, Jun Zhou1, Xianbin Huang2, Tiemei Lu1, Yongsheng Yu1, He Li2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.7, pp. 1775-1787, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025843

    Abstract Water-based drilling fluids can cause hydration of the wellbore rocks, thereby leading to instability. This study aimed to synthesize a hydrophobic small-molecule polymer (HLMP) as an inhibitor to suppress mud shale hydration. An infrared spectral method and a thermogravimetric technique were used to characterize the chemical composition of the HLMP and evaluate its heat stability. Experiments were conducted to measure the linear swelling, rolling recovery rate, and bentonite inhibition rate and evaluate accordingly the inhibition performance of the HLMP. Moreover, the HLMP was characterized through measurements of the zeta potential, particle size distribution, contact angles, and interlayer space testing. As… More > Graphic Abstract

    Hydrophobic Small-Molecule Polymers as High-Temperature-Resistant Inhibitors in Water-Based Drilling Fluids

  • Open Access


    Rheological and Morphological Characterization of Modified Bitumen with Cup Lump Rubber

    Mohammed Albuaymi1, Suleiman Abdulrahman2,3, Fayez Alanazi4, Hani Alanazi1,*, Musa Adamu5,6

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.5, pp. 2433-2451, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026751

    Abstract Pure bitumen is not suitable for heavy traffic loads; hence modifiers are used to improve the bitumen performance. Recently, cup lump rubber (CLR) has become a preferred modifier due to its outstanding performance and less cost. However, little is known about the interactions between CLR and bitumen. Thus, this study investigates the behavior of bitumen with CLR. Four percentages of CLR (2.5%, 5.0%, 7.5%, and 10.0% by weight of bitumen) were used to modify conventional 60/70 penetration grade bitumen. The modified bitumen was evaluated through different laboratory testing such as dynamic shear rheometer, rotational viscosity, softening point, bending beam rheometer,… More >

  • Open Access


    Biodegradable Copolyester Fibers by Solution Electrospinning

    Alvaro Iregui1, Lourdes Irusta1,*, Loli Martin2, Alba González1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 44-48, 2015, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2014.634128

    Abstract In this work, solution electrospinning technique was used to produce biodegradable fi bers using a commercially available polyester (Ecofl ex F Blend C1200). These materials (mats) could be of potential interest in tissue engineering. The effect of polymer concentration and the solvent nature on the obtained morphology was related to the wettability of the mat, characterized by water contact angle measurements. According to the results, the electrospun mats presented water contact angles characteristic of hydrophobic surfaces. More >

  • Open Access


    Improving the Thermal Efficiency and Performance of Refrigeration Systems: Numerical-Experimental Analysis of Minimization of Frost Formation

    Felipe Mercês Biglia1, Raquel da Cunha Ribeiro da Silva2, Fátima de Moraes Lino3, Kamal Abdel Radi Ismail3, Thiago Antonini Alves4,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.5, pp. 1771-1788, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019625

    Abstract The frost growth on cold surfaces in evaporators is an undesirable phenomenon which becomes a problem for the thermal efficiency of the refrigeration systems because the ice layer acts as a thermal insulation, drastically reducing the rate of heat transfer in the system. Its accumulation implies an increase in energy demand and a decrease in the performance of various components involved in the refrigeration process, reducing its efficiency and making it necessary to periodically remove the frost, resulting in expenses for the defrost process. In the present work, a numerical-experimental analysis was performed in order to understand the formation process… More >

  • Open Access


    Exploration of Waterproofness of Concrete and Alkali-Aggregate Using Hydrophobic Impregnation and Coating

    Shun Kang1, Xun Yuan1, Changwu Liu1,*, Yulin Chen1, Xianliang Zhou1, Haikuan Wu2, Zhiguo Ma3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.12, pp. 3521-3538, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.021694

    Abstract Part of the tunnel spoil can not be used for concrete due to alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR). Water is an indispensable condition for AAR, so separating the alkali-aggregate from water is of great benefit to controlling the AAR. This paper investigates the modification of concrete and aggregate by hydrophobic impregnation and organic coating and then evaluates their waterproof and mechanical properties by dynamic contact angle (DCA), ultrasonic wave velocity, scanning electron microscope (SEM), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and so on. For waterproofness, hydrophobic impregnation and organic coating can both improve the waterproofness of concrete and aggregate. The organic coating is suitable… More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanical Properties, Biocompatibility and Anti-Bacterial Adhesion Property Evaluation of Silicone-Containing Resin Composite with Different Formulae

    Muzi Liao1,2,#, Hui Tong1,2,#, Xiangya Huang1,2, Fang Liu3, Jingwei He3,*, Sui Mai1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.12, pp. 3201-3215, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.022090

    Abstract Novel branched silicone methacrylate was developed. The mechanical and biological properties of the resin system were investigated to select the formula proportion with the best overall performance. The novel silicone-containing monomers were combined with an incremental sequence of glass filler concentrations in commonly used Bis-GMA/TEGDMA (50/50, wt./wt.) dental resin systems. Physicochemical properties, surface properties, antibacterial adhesion effect, anti-biofilm effect, protein adsorption, and cytotoxicity were evaluated. The results showed that BSMs did not affect the double bond conversion of dental resin, but could reduce volumetric shrinkage (p < 0.05). The BSM containing resins can resist protein and bacteria adhesion (S. Mutans)… More >

  • Open Access


    Hydrophobic Poplar Prepared via High Voltage Electric Field (HVEF) with Copper as Electrode Plate

    Jianxin Cui1,#, Zehui Ju1,#, Lu Hong2, Biqing Shu1,3, Xiaoning Lu1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.11, pp. 2907-2919, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.019270

    Abstract In order to improve hydrophobic characteristics which will affect the service performance of fast-growing poplar due to growing bacteria in the humid environment. In this study, a simple method was proposed to treat poplar via the high voltage electric field (HVEF) with copper as the electrode plate. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and contact angle tester were adopted to evaluate the surface morphology, surface group of poplar, crystallinity and wettability under HVEF. It was found by SEM that a large number of copper particles were uniformly attached to the surface of poplar. In… More >

  • Open Access


    An Abrasion Resistant TPU/SH-SiO2 Superhydrophobic Coating for Anti-Icing and Anti-Corrosion Applications

    Jiakun Shi1, Bizhu Zhang1, Xin Zhou1, Runxian Liu1, Jun Hu1,2,*, Huaan Zheng1, Zhong Chen3,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.5, pp. 1239-1255, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.018045

    Abstract As a passive anti-icing strategy, properly designed superhydrophobic coatings can demonstrate outstanding performances. However, common preparation strategies for superhydrophobic coatings often lead to environmental pollution, high energy-consumption, high-cost and other undesirable issues. Besides, the durability of superhydrophobic coating also plagues its commercial application. In this paper, we introduced a facile and environment-friendly technique for fabricating abrasion-resistant superhydrophobic surfaces using thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and modified SiO2 particles (SH-SiO2). Both materials are non-toxicity, low-cost, and commercial available. Our methodology has the following advantages: use of minimal amounts of formulation, take the most streamlined technical route, and no waste material. These advantages make… More > Graphic Abstract

    An Abrasion Resistant TPU/SH-SiO<sub>2</sub> Superhydrophobic Coating for Anti-Icing and Anti-Corrosion Applications

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