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  • Open Access



    D. Santhi Kumaria,*, Venkata Subrahmanyam Sajjaa, P. M. Kishoreb,†

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.16, No.1, pp. 1-10, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.16.24

    Abstract This study attempts to explore a qualitative analysis of the effects of Soret on an unsteady magnetohydrodynamics free convection flow of a chemically reacting incompressible fluid past an infinite vertical plate embedded in a porous medium taking the source of heat and thermal radiation into account as well as viscous dissipation. The central equations are scrupulously converted into sets of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations for providing logical solutions. The method of Galerkin finite element is used considering appropriate boundary conditions for diverse physical metrics and then numerically analyzed employing MATLAB. A significant change in velocity, temperature, concentration profiles is… More >

  • Open Access



    Abderraouf Dahmania,∗ , José Muñoz-Cámarab, Juan Pedro Solanob, Samir Laouedja

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.42

    Abstract In this paper, a steady and laminar flow of ferrofluid (Fe3O4/Water) in a uniformly heated tube under the effect of non-uniform magnetic field arranged periodically along the tube is numerically analyzed using the finite volume method. The analysis sheds light on the flow pattern, Nusselt number, friction factor and the Performance Evaluation Criterion, at laminar flow regime (102Re ≤ 103 ) and for various magnetic numbers (Mn = 0, 2.83 · 104 , 6.37 · 104 and 1.13 · 105 ). The obtained results show that the magnetic field generated by periodic arrangement of the wire pitches, forces… More >

  • Open Access



    M. Y. Dhangea,*, G. C. Sankada, Ishwar Maharudrappab

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 1-6, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.36

    Abstract The present paper investigates the impacts of heat transfer and magnetic field on the boundary layer flow of Casson fluid over a linearly stretching sheet. The researchers have introduced analytical and numerical solutions for the momentum and energy equations by transforming the equations into the system of ordinary differential equations with the aid of the similarity transformations technique. The velocity and temperature profiles for pertinent constraints like Casson fluid constraint, Chandrasekhar number, Prandtl number, and thermal conductivity are presented through graphs. The influence of the wall shear stress and the Prandtl number increases while the boundary layer thickness decreases. Further,… More >

  • Open Access


    Application of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) for the Simulation of Flow-Like Landslides on 3D Terrains

    Binghui Cui1,*, Liaojun Zhang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.1, pp. 357-376, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.022309

    Abstract Flow-type landslide is one type of landslide that generally exhibits characteristics of high flow velocities, long jump distances, and poor predictability. Simulation of its propagation process can provide solutions for risk assessment and mitigation design. The smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method has been successfully applied to the simulation of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) flow-like landslides. However, the influence of boundary resistance on the whole process of landslide failure is rarely discussed. In this study, a boundary condition considering friction is proposed and integrated into the SPH method, and its accuracy is verified. Moreover, the Navier-Stokes equation combined with the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Application of Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) for the Simulation of Flow-Like Landslides on 3D Terrains

  • Open Access


    Shape Effect of Nanoparticles on Nanofluid Flow Containing Gyrotactic Microorganisms

    Umair Rashid1, Azhar Iqbal2,*, Abdullah M. Alsharif3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.1, pp. 483-494, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020033

    Abstract In this paper, we discussed the effect of nanoparticles shape on bioconvection nanofluid flow over the vertical cone in a permeable medium. The nanofluid contains water, Al2O3 nanoparticles with sphere (spherical) and lamina (non-spherical) shapes and motile microorganisms. The phenomena of heat absorption/generation, Joule heating and thermal radiation with chemical reactions have been incorporated. The similarity transformations technique is used to transform a governing system of partial differential equations into ordinary differential equations. The numerical bvp4c MATLAB program is used to find the solution of ordinary differential equations. The interesting aspects of pertinent parameters on mass transfer, energy, concentration, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Simulation of Oil-Water Flow in Shale Oil Reservoirs Based on Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics

    Qin Qian1, Mingjing Lu1,2,*, Feng Wang3, Aishan Li1, Liaoyuan Zhang1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.4, pp. 1089-1097, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019837

    Abstract A Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is employed to simulate the two-phase flow of oil and water in a reservoir. It is shown that, in comparison to the classical finite difference approach, this method is more stable and effective at capturing the complex evolution of this category of two-phase flows. The influence of several smooth functions is explored and it is concluded that the Gaussian function is the best one. After 200 days, the block water cutoff for the Gaussian function is 0.3, whereas the other functions have a block water cutoff of 0.8. The effect of various injection ratios… More >

  • Open Access


    Hydrodynamics and Heat Transfer Analysis of Airflow in a Sinusoidally Curved Channel

    Abid. A. Memon1, M. Asif Memon1, Kaleemullah Bhatti1, Thanin Sitthiwirattham2,*, Nichaphat Patanarapeelert3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4835-4853, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.023912

    Abstract For heat transfer enhancement in heat exchangers, different types of channels are often tested. The performance of heat exchangers can be made better by considering geometry composed of sinusoidally curved walls. This research studies the modeling and simulation of airflow through a units long sinusoidally curved wavy channel. For the purpose, two-dimensional Navier Stokes equations along with heat equations are under consideration. To simulate the fluid flow problem, the finite element-based software COMSOL Multiphysics is used. The parametric study for Reynolds number from to and the period of vibration P from to are observed. The surface plots, streamline patterns, contours,… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Flow Field Geometry on Hydrodynamics of Flow in Redox Flow Battery

    M. Narendra Kumar1,*, S. Manoj Kumar2, G. C. Vijayakumar1, K. Kadirgama3,4, M. Samykano5, Krishna Venkatesh1, H. B. Murlidhara1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.1, pp. 201-217, 2022, DOI:10.32604/EE.2022.016597

    Abstract This study computationally investigates the hydrodynamics of different serpentine flow field designs for redox flow batteries, which considers the Poiseuille flow in the flow channel and the Darcy flow porous substrate. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) results of the in-house developed code based on Finite Volume Method (FVM) for conventional serpentine flow field (CSFF) agreed well with those obtained via experiment. The deviation for pressure drop was less than 5.1% for all the flow rates, thus proving the present CFD analysis’s validity on the modified variation of serpentine flow fields. Modified serpentine flow field-2 (MSFF2) design provided least pressure drop across… More >

  • Open Access


    A Simplified Approach of Open Boundary Conditions for the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics Method

    Thanh Tien Bui1,*, Yoshihisa Fujita2, Susumu Nakata2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.129, No.2, pp. 425-442, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.016766

    Abstract In this paper, we propose a simplified approach of open boundary conditions for particle-based fluid simulations using the weakly compressible smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method. In this scheme, the values of the inflow/outflow particles are calculated as fluid particles or imposed desired values to ensure the appropriate evolution of the flow field instead of using a renormalization process involving the fluid particles. We concentrate on handling the generation of new inflow particles using several simple approaches that contribute to the flow field stability. The advantages of the . -SPH scheme, specifically the particle shifting technique, were successfully applied to correct the… More >

  • Open Access


    A study on the Gas-based Lubrication of Elastic Foil Bearings Using an Over Relaxation Iteration Method

    Xiangxi Du*, Yanhua Sun

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 917-929, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.015710

    Abstract A new type of foil bearings with a specific surface microstructure is studied. First, relevant boundary conditions based on the assumption of rarefied gas flow are proposed, then, the static bearing capacity and friction torque are analyzed in the framework of a numerical technique based on the discretization of the governing equation for rarefied gas-dynamics. It is shown that under the same static load, the difference between the minimum film thickness calculated in this exploration and the results provided by dedicated tests is not obvious; with an increase in the load, the simulation results are closer to the test values;… More >

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