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  • Open Access


    Green Hydrothermal Synthesis and Applications of Sorbus pohuashanensis/Aronia melanocarpa Extracts Functionalized-Au/Ag/AuAg Nanoparticles

    Jin Huang1,2,#, Jixiang Sun1,3,4,#, Kai Shao1,3,4, Yamei Lin1,3,4, Zhiguo Liu1,3,4,*, Yujie Fu1, Liqiang Mu2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.4, pp. 1807-1821, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.023721

    Abstract Nanoparticles (NPs) have already been widely used in catalysis, antibacterial and coating fields. Compared with the traditional toxic and harmful reducing reagents, green synthesis of NPs by using plant extracts is not only environmental-friendly and cost-effective but also conducive to the multi-level and efficient utilization of wild plant resources. In this study, the aqueous extracts from Sorbus pohuashanensis (SP) and Aronia melanocarpa (AM) fruits were used as the reducing and protective reagents for synthesizing Au/AgNPs, with the characteristics of originality operation and high repeatability. The SP/AM fruit extracts functionalized Au/AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy (UV-vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM),… More > Graphic Abstract

    Green Hydrothermal Synthesis and Applications of <i>Sorbus pohuashanensis</i>/<i>Aronia melanocarpa</i> Extracts Functionalized-Au/Ag/AuAg Nanoparticles

  • Open Access


    Green Synthesis for Lignin Plasticization: Aqueous Graft Copolymerization with Methyl Methacrylate

    Sinto Jacob1, Manjusri Misra1,2, Amar Mohanty1,2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 154-165, 2013, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2012.634107

    Abstract This study investigated the use of potassium persulfate (KPS) as an initiator for the grafting of methyl methacrylate (MMA) onto softwood kraft lignin. Ammonium iron (II) sulfate hexahydrate was used as a catalyst to overcome the inherent inhibition of lignin to free radical grafting and to make lignin copolymer under mild conditions using an aqueous medium. The infl uence of temperature, initiator concentration, time of reaction and monomer concentration on percentage of grafting were studied. A maximum of 31% grafting was achieved at 55ο C. Graft copolymer was identifi ed from the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum by the new… More >

  • Open Access


    Phytogenic Synthesis of Metal/Metal Oxide Nanoparticles for Degradation of Dyes

    Arpita Roy1,*, H. C. Ananda Murthy2 , Hiwa M. Ahmed3,4, Mohammad Nazmul Islam5, Ram Prasad6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.7, pp. 1911-1930, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.019410

    Abstract Now-a-days nanotechnology is one of the booming fields for the researchers. With the increase in industrialization mainly textile, paper, medicine, plastic industry, there is an increase in concentration of organic dyes as pollutant. Release of harmful dyes in water bodies has become a serious issue, as most of the dyes are carcinogenic and mutagenic in nature and causes various diseases. Therefore, there is a requirement to find out new approaches for efficient treatment of effluent containing dyes. Nanoparticles are one of the potential solutions to this problem. They can be synthesized from different methods, however synthesis of nanoparticles from different… More >

  • Open Access


    A Study on a Magnesium-Based Layered Composite Used as a Flame Retardant for Phenolic Epoxy Resins

    Hongxiang Liu1,2,,*, Neng Xiong1,2, Songli Wang1,2, Wei Zhang1,2, Bo Yong1,2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 549-561, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017979


    The effects of a magnesium-based layered composite on the flammability of a phenolic epoxy resin (EP) are studied. In order to produce the required composite material, first, magnesium hydroxide, aluminum salt and deionized water are mixed into a reactor according to a certain proportion to induce a hydrothermal reaction; then, the feed liquid is filtered out using a solid-liquid separation procedure; finally, the material is dried and crushed. In order to evaluate its effects on the flammability of the EP, first, m-phenylenediamine is added to EP and vacuum defoamation is performed; then, EP is poured into a polytetrafluoroethylene mold, cooled… More >

  • Open Access


    Synthesis and Characterization of Green Potassium Nanoparticles from Sideroxylon Capiri and Evaluation of Their Potential Antimicrobial

    Judith Constantino-Alcazar1, Miguel Abud-Archila1, Benjamín Valdez-Salas3, Federico Gutierrez-Miceli1, Carlos Ceceña-Duran2, Blanca López-Valenzuela2, Daniel Gonzalez-Mendoza2,*,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1699-1706, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015645

    Abstract In the present study, the green synthesis of potassium nanoparticles (K-NPs) was assessed using aqueous extract of Sideroxylon capiri. The potassium nanoparticles were analyzed by UV-visible spectroscopic techniques, X-ray spectrometers of energy dispersive (SEM-EDS) and dynamic light scattering. The results showed high values at 3.5 keV confirming the formation of potassium nanoparticles and the SEM analysis showed an agglomerated particles size between 360 to 200 nm with a spherical morphology. The K-NPs showed an effective antibacterial activity against the test organisms mainly with Bacillus cereus, Enterobacter aerogenes, Fusarium solani and Botrytis cinerea. However further studies about nanotoxicity of K-NPs are… More >

  • Open Access


    Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Plectranthus Amboinicus Leaf Extract for Preparation of CMC/PVA Nanocomposite Film

    Nguyen Thi Thanh Thuy1,*, Le Hoang Huy1, Truong Thuy Vy1, Nguyen Thi Thanh Tam2, Bien Thi Lan Thanh1, Nguyen Thi My Lan3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.8, pp. 1393-1411, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015772

    Abstract In the present study, the biogenic silver nanoparticles have been synthesized using aqueous leaf extract of Plectranthus amboinicus (PA), which acted as both reducing and stabilizing agents. The PA synthesized silver nanoparticles were blended with carboxymethyl cellulose/polyvinyl alcohol (CMC/PVA) biocomposite. The prepared AgNPs as well as the biogenic AgNPs incorporated CMC/PVA films were investigated using UV-visible spectrophotometry, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X–ray diffraction (XRD). The DLS results showed that biogenic AgNPs had the average particle size of 65.70 nm with polydispersity index of 0.44. The surface plasmon resonance of AgNPs, which… More > Graphic Abstract

    Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using <i>Plectranthus Amboinicus</i> Leaf Extract for Preparation of CMC/PVA Nanocomposite Film

  • Open Access


    Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Annona diversifolia Leaf Extract and Their Antimicrobial Application

    Rogelio Solorzano-Toala1, Daniel Gonzalez-Mendoza2,*, Benjamin Valdez-Salas3, Vianey MendezTrujillo4, Federico Gutierrez-Miceli1, Ernesto Beltran-Partida3, Olivia Tzintzun-Camacho2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.9, pp. 1129-1137, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.09845

    Abstract The aim of this study was the synthesis of silver nanoparticle using Annona diversifolia Safford. The silver nanoparticles obtained were analyzed by spectroscopic methods and dynamic light scattering methods. The inhibition of AgNPs was evaluated against Bacillus cereus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter aerogenes. The results showed that AgNPs have high values at 3 keV and particle size between 45 to 58 nm with a homogenous morphology. The AgNPs showed growth inhibition against Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter aerogenes. Therefore studies are needed to confirm the potential antimicrobial of different AgNP from A. diversifolia in Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria. More >

  • Open Access


    Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles from Abronia villosa as an Alternative to Control of Pathogenic Microorganisms

    Ali Abdelmoteleb1, Benjamin Valdez-Salas2, Ernesto Beltran-Partida2, Daniel Gonzalez-Mendoza3,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.8, No.1, pp. 69-78, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2020.08334

    Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial and antifungal activities of eco-friendly synthesized silver nanoparticles. The silver nanoparticles were synthesized by biological method using aqueous extract of Abronia villosa. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by color change and characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and zeta potential analysis. The SEM analysis revealed the presence of spherical silver nanoparticles of the size range 21 to 33 nm. Synthesized silver nanoparticles were used to evaluate their antibacterial effects at different concentrations (25, 50, 75 and 100 µg/ml)… More >

  • Open Access


    Green Synthesis of Bimetallic Nanoparticles From Prosopis juliflora (Sw) DC., and Its Effect Against Cotton Mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae)

    V. Mendez-Trujillo1, B. Valdez-Salas2, M. Carrillo-Beltran2, M. A. Curiel-Alvarez2, O. Tzintzun-Camacho3, C. Ceceña-Duran3 and D. Gonzalez-Mendoza3,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.88, No.3, pp. 269-275, 2019, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2019.07316

    Abstract Phenacoccus solenopsis has been recognized as an aggressively invasive species on cotton plants in different countries. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of green synthesized Cu/Zn-nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract of Prosopis juliflora (mezquite) against P. solenopsis. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed bimetallic nanoparticles of Cu/Zn-NPs with spherical shape with varying size of 74.33 nm to 59.46 nm. More than 30% mortality of P. solenopsis was observed with Cu/Zn-nanoparticles (100 ppm) at 96 hours after treatment. Negligible mortality of P. solenopsis was recorded with Cu/Zn solution (100 ppm) and aqueous P. juliflora extracts. The results of the… More >

  • Open Access


    Preparation of Antibacterial Cotton Wound Dressing By Green Synthesis Silver Nanoparticles Using Mullein Leaves Extract

    S. Najmeh Aboutorabi1, Majid Nasiriboroum,2,*, Pourya Mohammadi1, Hassan Sheibani1,*, Hossein Barani3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.7, No.8, pp. 787-794, 2019, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2019.06438

    Abstract Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by a bio-reduction method using an aqueous extract of mullein leaves (Verbascum thapsus L.) functioning as reducing as well as a stabilizing agent. Various synthesis parameters such as reaction time, temperature and concentration of the extract were also studied for the synthesis of AgNPs. The so prepared AgNPs were characterized by various techniques including UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (equipped with energy dispersive analysis of X-rays), and transmission electron microscopy. The electron microscopy images suggest the formation of polydispersed spherical AgNPs with average particle size of about 20 nm. The kinetic analysis revealed… More >

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