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  • Open Access



    Xiao Suna, Fan-Kang Zenga, Jia-Bing Yanga, Feng-Lin Zhoua, Yu-Liang Zhangb,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-6, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.5

    Abstract In order to better study the internal flow characteristics of centrifugal pump as turbine, CFX software is employed to carry out numerical simulation to obtain flow field under different working conditions for pump as turbine based on the standard k - epsilon turbulence model and the SIMPLEC algorithm. The efficiency curves of the pump and pump as turbine are obtained under different working conditions. The results show that the effciency characteristics of the pump change greatly during the process of pumping. The efficiency of the turbine is higher than that of the pump under the respective optimal operating conditions. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Analysis of the Flow Characteristics of an Adjustable Critical-Flow Venturi Nozzle

    Chun Ye1,2,3, Jingjing Gao1,2,3, Zhihui Wang1,2,3, Weibiao Zheng1,2,3, Yibei Wang2,4, Xingkai Zhang1,2,3,*, Ming Liu5

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 755-766, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021868

    Abstract The response of an adjustable critical-flow Venturi nozzle is investigated through a set indoor experiments aimed to determine the related critical flow rate, critical pressure ratio, and discharge coefficient. The effect of a variation in the cone displacement and liquid content on the critical flow characteristics is examined in detail and it is shown that the former can be used to effectively adjust the critical flow rate. The critical pressure ratio of the considered nozzle is above 0.85, and the critical flow control deviation of the gas flow is within ±3%. Liquid flow can reduce the gas critical mass flow… More >

  • Open Access


    LES Analysis of the Unsteady Flow Characteristics of a Centrifugal Pump Impeller

    Ting Zhang1, Denghao Wu1,2,*, Shijun Qiu2, Peijian Zhou1, Yun Ren3, Jiegang Mou1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.5, pp. 1349-1361, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019617

    Abstract Stall phenomena increase the complexity of the internal flow in centrifugal pump impellers. In order to tackle this problem, in the present work, a large eddy simulation (LES) approach is applied to determine the characteristics of these unstable flows. Moreover, a vorticity identification method is used to characterize quantitatively the vortex position inside the impeller and its influencing area. By comparing the outcomes of the numerical simulations and experimental results provided by a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique, it is shown that an apparent “alternating stall” phenomenon exists inside the impeller when relatively small flow rate conditions are considered. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Study of the Flow Mechanism of Wind Turbine Blades in the Yawed Condition

    Shuang Zhao1,2,3, Xijun Li4, Jianwen Wang1,2,3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.4, pp. 1379-1392, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019776

    Abstract The computational fluid dynamics method was used to simulate the flow field around a wind turbine at the yaw angles of 0°, 15°, 30°, and 45°. The angle of attack and the relative velocity of the spanwise sections of the blade were extracted with the reference points method. By analyzing the pressure distribution and the flow characteristics of the blade surface, the flow mechanism of the blade surface in the yawed condition was discussed. The results showed that the variations of the angle of attack and the relative velocity were related to the azimuth angle and the radius in the… More >

  • Open Access


    CFD Analysis of Fluid-Dynamic and Heat Transfer Effects Generated by a Fixed Electricity Transmission Line Interacting with an External Wind

    Yajuan Jia1, Lisha Shang1, Jiangping Nan1, Guangping Hu2, Zhigang Fang3,4,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 329-344, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017734

    Abstract The flow past a fixed single transmission conductor and the related heat transfer characteristics are investigated using computational fluid dynamics and a relevant turbulence model. After validating the method through comparison with relevant results in the literature, this thermofluid-dynamic problem is addressed considering different working conditions. It is shown that the resistance coefficient depends on the Reynolds number. As expected, the Nusselt number is also affected by Reynolds number. In particular, the Nusselt number under constant heat flux is always greater than that under a constant wall temperature. More >

  • Open Access


    CFD-Based Evaluation of Flow and Temperature Characteristics of Airflow in an Aircraft Cockpit

    Xiaosai Duan, Suihuai Yu*, Jianjie Chu, Dengkai Chen and Zhaojing Su

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.130, No.2, pp. 701-721, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.016779

    Abstract The rational design of airflow distribution is of great importance for comfort and energy conservation. Several numerical investigations of flow and temperature characteristics in cockpits have been performed to study the distinct airflow distribution. This study developed the coupled heat transfer model of radiation, convection, and heat conduction for the cockpit flight environment. A three-dimensional physical model was created and a shear stress transfer (SST) k-w turbulence model was well verified with a high prediction accuracy of 91% for the experimental data. The strong inhomogeneous flow and temperature distribution were captured for various initial operating conditions (inlet temperature, inlet pressure,… More >

  • Open Access


    The Effect of the Gap Ratio on the Flow and Heat Transfer over a Bluff Body in Near-Wall Conditions

    Shaohua Zhai1, Guannan Xi2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 109-130, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.018186

    Abstract In order to study the effect of different gap ratios on the thermofluid-dynamic field around a bluff body located in proximity to a heated wall, a series of experiments and numerical simulations have been conducted. The former were carried out using an open circulating water tank experimental platform and a single cylinder and square column as geometrical models (their characteristic length being D). The latter were based on the well-known SIMPLE algorithm for incompressible flow. The results show that the gap ratio is an important factor affecting the wake characteristics of near-wall bluff bodies. When the gap ratio is small,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Study on the Unsteady Flow Characteristics and Energy Conversion in the Volute of a Pump-as-Turbine Device

    Senchun Miao1,2,*, Hongbiao Zhang1, Wanglong Tian1, Yinqiang Li2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 1021-1036, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.016925

    Abstract To study the unsteady flow and related energy conversion process in the volute of a pump-as-turbine (PAT) device, six different working conditions have been considered. Through numerical calculation, the spatio-temporal variation of static pressure, dynamic pressure, total pressure and turbulent energy dissipation have been determined in each section of the volute. It is concluded that the reduction of the total power of two adjacent sections of the PAT volute is equal to the sum of the power lost by the fluid while moving from one section to the other and the power output from the two adjacent sections. For a… More >

  • Open Access


    Flow Characteristics of Grains in a Conical Silo with a Central Decompression Tube Based on Experiments and DEM Simulations

    Huinan Sun1,*, Siqiang Wang2, Zhuoqing Zhang1, Chaoyong Xia1, Xu Chen1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.3, pp. 855-873, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015791

    Abstract Grains are widely present in industrial productions and processing, and are stored in silos. In the silo, auxiliary structures are added to achieve efficient production. However, little effort has been devoted to the influence of the internal structure of the silo on the granular flow. In this work, a silo with a central decompression tube is studied through experimental measurements and discrete element methods. Then, the influences of the central decompression tube on the flow behavior of grains and wall pressure are analyzed. Results show that the grains are in mass flow in the silo without a central decompression tube,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Research on the Flow Characteristics of a Splitter-Based Water Cooling System for Computer Boards

    Yukun Lv, Quanzhi Ge*, Zhuang Wei, Shuang Yang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 833-844, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.015082

    Abstract The splitter is an important component of water-based cooling systems used to extract heat from computer boards. In the present study, the flow characteristics of a 16-splitter structure were numerically simulated and compared with experimental results to verify the reliability of the numerical simulation method. Accordingly, the concept of splitter structural coefficients was proposed. Based on the results of this study, we recommend a selection range of 5 ≤ k ≤ 6 for the structure factor k of the splitter; after optimization, the maximum deviation of the splitter outlet flow was reduced from the original value of 100% to 8.3%. More >

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