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  • Open Access



    Abhishek Dasorea,* , Tarun Polavarapub , Ramakrishna Konijetic , Naveen Puppalad ,

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.23

    Abstract The effect of air temperature on drying kinetics of red beetroot slices was investigated experimentally in a cabinet tray dryer. Drying was carried out at 70, 75, 80, and 85 ° More >

  • Open Access



    Le Anh Duca , Nguyen Haya, Pham Van Kienb,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 1-7, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.44

    Abstract This study determined the most appropriate thin layer drying model, the effective moisture diffusivity and the activation energy of moisture within Ganoderma lucidum in radio frequency (RF) assisted heat pump drying method. The thin layer drying experiments were conducted with input drying parameters such as: drying temperature of 40, 45 and 50°C and RF power of 0.65, 1.3 and 1.95 kW. In order to select a suitable form of drying curve, seven different thin layer drying models (Lewis, Page, Modified Page, Henderson and Pabis, Verma, Midilli, and Wang and Singh) were fitted to the experimental data. The Verma model was… More >

  • Open Access



    Hamzeh T. Alkasasbeh*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 1-9, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.43

    Abstract The purpose of this study is mathematical simulation the combined free convection of hybrid micropolar ferrofluids about a solid sphere with magnetic force. We studied the magnetic oxide (Fe3O4) and Cobalt Iron Oxide (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles and suspended them into water–ethylene glycol (EG) (H2O+(CH2OH)2 (50-50%) mixture. Numerical results for correlated physical quantities were gained through the Keller Box method along with the assistance of MATLAB software. The influence of relevant contributing parameters on physical quantities are inspected through tables and graphical illustrations. According to the current findings, the mono ferrofluid has the highest local skin friction, heat transmission rate, velocity and… More >

  • Open Access


    Kinetic Modeling of Light Naphtha Hydroisomerization in an Industrial Universal Oil Products Penex™ Unit

    Ramzy S. Hamied1, Zaidoon M. Shakor2,*, Anfal H. Sadeiq1, Adnan A. Abdul Razak2, Ammar T. Khadim3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.6, pp. 1371-1386, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.028441

    Abstract Recently, the isomerization of light naphtha has been increasingly significant in assisting refiners in meeting sternness specifications for gasoline. Isomerization process provides refiners with the advantage of reducing sulfur, olefin, and benzene in the gasoline basin without significantly victimizing the octane. The mathematical modeling of a chemical reaction is a critical tool due to it can used to optimize the experimental data to estimate the optimum operating conditions for industrial reactors. This paper describes light naphtha isomerization reactions over a Pt/Al2O3-Cl catalyst at the Al-Dura Oil Refinery (Baghdad, Iraq) using a newly developed universal mathematical model. The proposed kinetic model… More >

  • Open Access


    A Study on the Nonlinear Caputo-Type Snakebite Envenoming Model with Memory

    Pushpendra Kumar1,*, Vedat Suat Erturk2, V. Govindaraj1, Dumitru Baleanu3,4,5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.3, pp. 2487-2506, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026009

    Abstract In this article, we introduce a nonlinear Caputo-type snakebite envenoming model with memory. The well-known Caputo fractional derivative is used to generalize the previously presented integer-order model into a fractional-order sense. The numerical solution of the model is derived from a novel implementation of a finite-difference predictor-corrector (L1-PC) scheme with error estimation and stability analysis. The proof of the existence and positivity of the solution is given by using the fixed point theory. From the necessary simulations, we justify that the first-time implementation of the proposed method on an epidemic model shows that the scheme is fully suitable and time-efficient… More >

  • Open Access


    A New Generative Mathematical Model for Coverless Steganography System Based on Image Generation

    Al-Hussien Seddik1, Mohammed Salah2, Gamal Behery2, Ahmed El-harby2, Ahmed Ismail Ebada2, Sokea Teng3, Yunyoung Nam3,*, Mohamed Abouhawwash4,5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 5087-5103, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035364

    Abstract The ability of any steganography system to correctly retrieve the secret message is the primary criterion for measuring its efficiency. Recently, researchers have tried to generate a new natural image driven from only the secret message bits rather than using a cover to embed the secret message within it; this is called the stego image. This paper proposes a new secured coverless steganography system using a generative mathematical model based on semi Quick Response (QR) code and maze game image generation. This system consists of two components. The first component contains two processes, encryption process, and hiding process. The encryption… More >

  • Open Access


    A Stochastic Framework for Solving the Prey-Predator Delay Differential Model of Holling Type-III

    Naret Ruttanaprommarin1, Zulqurnain Sabir2,3, Rafaél Artidoro Sandoval Núñez4, Emad Az-Zo’bi5, Wajaree Weera6, Thongchai Botmart6,*, Chantapish Zamart6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 5915-5930, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034362

    Abstract The current research aims to implement the numerical results for the Holling third kind of functional response delay differential model utilizing a stochastic framework based on Levenberg-Marquardt backpropagation neural networks (LVMBPNNs). The nonlinear model depends upon three dynamics, prey, predator, and the impact of the recent past. Three different cases based on the delay differential system with the Holling 3rd type of the functional response have been used to solve through the proposed LVMBPNNs solver. The statistic computing framework is provided by selecting 12%, 11%, and 77% for training, testing, and verification. Thirteen numbers of neurons have been used based… More >

  • Open Access


    Smart Techniques for LULC Micro Class Classification Using Landsat8 Imagery

    Mutiullah Jamil1, Hafeez ul Rehman1, SaleemUllah1, Imran Ashraf2,*, Saqib Ubaid1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 5545-5557, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033449

    Abstract Wheat species play important role in the price of products and wheat production estimation. There are several mathematical models used for the estimation of the wheat crop but these models are implemented without considering the wheat species which is an important independent variable. The task of wheat species identification is challenging both for human experts as well as for computer vision-based solutions. With the use of satellite remote sensing, it is possible to identify and monitor wheat species on a large scale at any stage of the crop life cycle. In this work, nine popular wheat species are identified by… More >

  • Open Access


    Quantification of Ride Comfort Using Musculoskeletal Mathematical Model Considering Vehicle Behavior

    Junya Tanehashi1, Szuchi Chang2, Takahiro Hirosei3, Masaki Izawa2, Aman Goyal2, Ayumi Takahashi4, Kazuhito Misaji4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.3, pp. 2287-2306, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.022432

    Abstract This research aims to quantify driver ride comfort due to changes in damper characteristics between comfort mode and sport mode, considering the vehicle’s inertial behavior. The comfort of riding in an automobile has been evaluated in recent years on the basis of a subjective sensory evaluation given by the driver. However, reflecting driving sensations in design work to improve ride comfort is abstract in nature and difficult to express theoretically. Therefore, we evaluated the human body’s effects while driving scientifically by quantifying the driver’s behavior while operating the steering wheel and the behavior of the automobile while in motion using… More > Graphic Abstract

    Quantification of Ride Comfort Using Musculoskeletal Mathematical Model Considering Vehicle Behavior

  • Open Access


    Mathematical Modeling and Evaluation of Reliability Parameters Based on Survival Possibilities under Uncertain Environment

    Alhanouf Alburaikan1, Hamiden Abd El-Wahed Khalifa1,2, Pavan Kumar3,*, Seyedali Mirjalili4,6, Ibrahim Mekawy5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.3, pp. 1943-1956, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021815

    Abstract In this article, mathematical modeling for the evaluation of reliability is studied using two methods. One of the methods, is developed based on possibility theory. The performance of the reliability of the system is of prime concern. In view of this, the outcomes for the failure are required to evaluate with utmost care. In possibility theory, the reliability information data determined from decision-making experts are subjective. The same method is also related to the survival possibilities as against the survival probabilities. The other method is the one that is developed using the concept of approximation of closed interval including the… More >

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