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  • Open Access


    Experimental Analysis of the Flow Characteristics of an Adjustable Critical-Flow Venturi Nozzle

    Chun Ye1,2,3, Jingjing Gao1,2,3, Zhihui Wang1,2,3, Weibiao Zheng1,2,3, Yibei Wang2,4, Xingkai Zhang1,2,3,*, Ming Liu5

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.3, pp. 755-766, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.021868

    Abstract The response of an adjustable critical-flow Venturi nozzle is investigated through a set indoor experiments aimed to determine the related critical flow rate, critical pressure ratio, and discharge coefficient. The effect of a variation in the cone displacement and liquid content on the critical flow characteristics is examined in detail and it is shown that the former can be used to effectively adjust the critical flow rate. The critical pressure ratio of the considered nozzle is above 0.85, and the critical flow control deviation of the gas flow is within ±3%. Liquid flow can reduce the gas critical mass flow… More >

  • Open Access


    LES Analysis of the Unsteady Flow Characteristics of a Centrifugal Pump Impeller

    Ting Zhang1, Denghao Wu1,2,*, Shijun Qiu2, Peijian Zhou1, Yun Ren3, Jiegang Mou1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.5, pp. 1349-1361, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019617

    Abstract Stall phenomena increase the complexity of the internal flow in centrifugal pump impellers. In order to tackle this problem, in the present work, a large eddy simulation (LES) approach is applied to determine the characteristics of these unstable flows. Moreover, a vorticity identification method is used to characterize quantitatively the vortex position inside the impeller and its influencing area. By comparing the outcomes of the numerical simulations and experimental results provided by a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique, it is shown that an apparent “alternating stall” phenomenon exists inside the impeller when relatively small flow rate conditions are considered. The… More >

  • Open Access


    CFD Analysis of Fluid-Dynamic and Heat Transfer Effects Generated by a Fixed Electricity Transmission Line Interacting with an External Wind

    Yajuan Jia1, Lisha Shang1, Jiangping Nan1, Guangping Hu2, Zhigang Fang3,4,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 329-344, 2022, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.017734

    Abstract The flow past a fixed single transmission conductor and the related heat transfer characteristics are investigated using computational fluid dynamics and a relevant turbulence model. After validating the method through comparison with relevant results in the literature, this thermofluid-dynamic problem is addressed considering different working conditions. It is shown that the resistance coefficient depends on the Reynolds number. As expected, the Nusselt number is also affected by Reynolds number. In particular, the Nusselt number under constant heat flux is always greater than that under a constant wall temperature. More >

  • Open Access


    CFD-Based Evaluation of Flow and Temperature Characteristics of Airflow in an Aircraft Cockpit

    Xiaosai Duan, Suihuai Yu*, Jianjie Chu, Dengkai Chen and Zhaojing Su

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.130, No.2, pp. 701-721, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.016779

    Abstract The rational design of airflow distribution is of great importance for comfort and energy conservation. Several numerical investigations of flow and temperature characteristics in cockpits have been performed to study the distinct airflow distribution. This study developed the coupled heat transfer model of radiation, convection, and heat conduction for the cockpit flight environment. A three-dimensional physical model was created and a shear stress transfer (SST) k-w turbulence model was well verified with a high prediction accuracy of 91% for the experimental data. The strong inhomogeneous flow and temperature distribution were captured for various initial operating conditions (inlet temperature, inlet pressure,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Study on the Unsteady Flow Characteristics and Energy Conversion in the Volute of a Pump-as-Turbine Device

    Senchun Miao1,2,*, Hongbiao Zhang1, Wanglong Tian1, Yinqiang Li2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 1021-1036, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.016925

    Abstract To study the unsteady flow and related energy conversion process in the volute of a pump-as-turbine (PAT) device, six different working conditions have been considered. Through numerical calculation, the spatio-temporal variation of static pressure, dynamic pressure, total pressure and turbulent energy dissipation have been determined in each section of the volute. It is concluded that the reduction of the total power of two adjacent sections of the PAT volute is equal to the sum of the power lost by the fluid while moving from one section to the other and the power output from the two adjacent sections. For a… More >

  • Open Access


    Flow Characteristics of Grains in a Conical Silo with a Central Decompression Tube Based on Experiments and DEM Simulations

    Huinan Sun1,*, Siqiang Wang2, Zhuoqing Zhang1, Chaoyong Xia1, Xu Chen1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.3, pp. 855-873, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015791

    Abstract Grains are widely present in industrial productions and processing, and are stored in silos. In the silo, auxiliary structures are added to achieve efficient production. However, little effort has been devoted to the influence of the internal structure of the silo on the granular flow. In this work, a silo with a central decompression tube is studied through experimental measurements and discrete element methods. Then, the influences of the central decompression tube on the flow behavior of grains and wall pressure are analyzed. Results show that the grains are in mass flow in the silo without a central decompression tube,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Research on the Flow Characteristics of a Splitter-Based Water Cooling System for Computer Boards

    Yukun Lv, Quanzhi Ge*, Zhuang Wei, Shuang Yang

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 833-844, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.015082

    Abstract The splitter is an important component of water-based cooling systems used to extract heat from computer boards. In the present study, the flow characteristics of a 16-splitter structure were numerically simulated and compared with experimental results to verify the reliability of the numerical simulation method. Accordingly, the concept of splitter structural coefficients was proposed. Based on the results of this study, we recommend a selection range of 5 ≤ k ≤ 6 for the structure factor k of the splitter; after optimization, the maximum deviation of the splitter outlet flow was reduced from the original value of 100% to 8.3%. More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study on the Flow Characteristics of a Plate with a Mechanically Choked Orifice

    Ming Liu1,2,3, Xingkai Zhang1,4, Dong Wang1,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 97-107, 2021, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2021.011292

    Abstract The mechanically choked orifice plate (MCOP) is a new type of device for flow control by which choking conditions for incompressible fluids can be obtained with relatively small pressure losses. Given the lack of relevant results and data in the literature, in the present study, we concentrate on the experimental determination of the flow coefficient for the annular orifice, the pressure distribution in the MCOP, and the characteristics of the choked flow itself. As confirmed by the experimental results, the Reynolds number, the orifice plate thickness, the plug taper, and the eccentricity have an obvious influence on the aforementioned flow… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of Gas-Solid Flow Characteristics in a Spouted Fluidized Bed Dryer by Means of Computational Particle Fluid Dynamics

    Hongming Zhou1,2, Haozheng Gao1, Zheng Fang2, Jiangxin Yang3, Mingge Wu1,2,3,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 813-826, 2020, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2020.010150

    Abstract In order to grasp the particle flow characteristics and energy consumption of industrial fluidized spouted beds, we conduct numerical simulations on the basis of a Computational Particle Fluid Dynamics (CPFD) approach. In particular, the traction model of Wen-Yu-Ergun is used and different inlet conditions are considered. Using a low-speed fluidizing gas, the flow state of the particles is better and the amount of particles accumulated at the bottom of the bed wall becomes smaller. For the same air intake, the energy loss of a circular nozzle is larger than that of a square nozzle. More >

  • Open Access


    Modeling Tracer Flow Characteristics in Different Types of Pores: Visualization and Mathematical Modeling

    Tongjing Liu1, 2, *, Weixia Liu3, Pengxiang Diwu4, Gaixing Hu5, 6, Ting Xu1, 7, Yuqi Li2, Zhenjiang You8, Runwei Qiao2, Jia Wang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.123, No.3, pp. 1205-1222, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.08961

    Abstract Structure of porous media and fluid distribution in rocks can significantly affect the transport characteristics during the process of microscale tracer flow. To clarify the effect of micro heterogeneity on aqueous tracer transport, this paper demonstrates microscopic experiments at pore level and proposes an improved mathematical model for tracer transport. The visualization results show a faster tracer movement into movable water than it into bound water, and quicker occupancy in flowing pores than in storage pores caused by the difference of tracer velocity. Moreover, the proposed mathematical model includes the effects of bound water and flowing porosity by applying interstitial… More >

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