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  • Open Access


    The Effects of the Particle Size Ratio on the Behaviors of Binary Granular Materials

    Deze Yang, Xihua Chu*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.1, pp. 63-85, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.025062

    Abstract The particle size ratio (PSR) is an important parameter for binary granular materials, which may affect the microstructure and macro behaviors of granular materials. However, the effect of particle ratio on granular assemblies with different arrangements is still unclear. To explore and further clarify the effect of PSR in different packing structures, three types of numerical samples with regular, layered, and random packing are designed. Numerical results show that PSR has significant effects on binary granular samples with regular packing. The larger the PSR, the stronger the strength, the larger the modulus, and the smaller the angle between the shear… More >

  • Open Access


    A Study on the Physical Properties of Banana Straw Based on the Discrete Element Method

    Sen Zhang1, Jie Jiang2,3,*, Yuedong Wang4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.5, pp. 1159-1172, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.024070

    Abstract To improve the application of discrete element models (DEM) to the design of agricultural crushers, in this study a new highly accurate model is elaborated. The model takes into account the fiber structure, porous nature of the material and the leaf sheath coating structure. Dedicated experimental tests are conducted to determine the required “intrinsic” and basic contact parameters of the considered banana straw materials. A large number of bonding parameters are examined in relation to the particle aggregation model in order to characterize different actual banana straws. Using the particle surface energy contact model, the viscosity characteristics of the crushed… More > Graphic Abstract

    A Study on the Physical Properties of Banana Straw Based on the Discrete Element Method

  • Open Access


    Earth Pressure of the Trapdoor Problem Using Three-Dimensional Discrete Element Method

    Qizhi Chen1, Chuli Xu1, Baoping Zou1,*, Zhanyou Luo2, Changjie Xu3, Xu Long4,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.135, No.2, pp. 1503-1520, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.022823

    Abstract Load transformation from the yielding part of the soil to the adjacent part is known as the soil arching effect, which plays an important role in the design of various geotechnical infrastructures. Terzaghi’s trapdoor test was an important milestone in the development of theories on soil arching. The research on earth pressure of the trapdoor problem is presented in this paper using the three-dimensional (3D) discrete element method (DEM). Five 3D trapdoor models with different heights are established by 3D DEM software PFC 3D. The variation of earth pressure on the trapdoor with the downward movement of the trapdoor, the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Consistent Time Level Implementation Preserving Second-Order Time Accuracy via a Framework of Unified Time Integrators in the Discrete Element Approach

    Tao Xue1, Yazhou Wang2, Masao Shimada2, David Tae2, Kumar Tamma2,*, Xiaobing Zhang1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.3, pp. 1469-1487, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.021616

    Abstract In this work, a consistent and physically accurate implementation of the general framework of unified second-order time accurate integrators via the well-known GSSSS framework in the Discrete Element Method is presented. The improved tangential displacement evaluation in the present implementation of the discrete element method has been derived and implemented to preserve the consistency of the correct time level evaluation during the time integration process in calculating the algorithmic tangential displacement. Several numerical examples have been used to validate the proposed tangential displacement evaluation; this is in contrast to past practices which only seem to attain the first-order time accuracy… More >

  • Open Access


    Discrete Element Simulations of Ice Load and Mooring Force on Moored Structure in Level Ice

    Hongri Zhu, Shunying Ji*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.132, No.1, pp. 5-21, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.019991

    Abstract Moored structures are suitable for operations in ice-covered regions owing to their security and efficiency. This paper aims to present a new method for simulating the ice load and mooring force on the moored structure during ice-structure interaction with a spherical Discrete Element Method (DEM). In this method, the level ice and mooring lines consist of bonded sphere elements arranged in different patterns. The level ice model has been widely validated in simulation of the ice load of fixed structures. In the mooring line simulation, a string of spherical elements was jointed with the parallel bond model to simulate the… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Analysis of Ice Rubble with a Freeze-Bond Model in Dilated Polyhedral Discrete Element Method

    Biyao Zhai, Lu Liu, Shunying Ji*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.130, No.1, pp. 1-22, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.018652

    Abstract Freezing in ice rubble is a common phenomenon in cold regions, which can consolidate loose blocks and change their mechanical properties. To model the cohesive effect in frozen ice rubble, and to describe the fragmentation behavior with a large external forces exerted, a freeze-bond model based on the dilated polyhedral discrete element method (DEM) is proposed. Herein, imaginary bonding is initialized at the contact points to transmit forces and moments, and the initiation of the damage is detected using the hybrid fracture model. The model is validated through the qualitative agreement between the simulation results and the analytical solution of… More >

  • Open Access


    DEM Simulations of Resistance of Particle to Intruders during Quasistatic Penetrations

    Shaomin Liang, Lu Liu, Shunying Ji*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.128, No.1, pp. 145-160, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.016403

    Abstract Based on the discrete element method and hydrostatics theory, an improved Archimedes principle is proposed to study the rules pertaining to resistance changes during the penetration process of an intruder into the particulate materials. The results illustrate the fact that the lateral contribution to the resistance is very small, while the tangential force of the lateral resistance originates from friction effects. Conversely, the resistance of particulate materials on the intruder mainly occurs at the bottom part of the intruding object. Correspondingly, the factors that determine the resistance of the bottom part of the intruding object and the rules pertaining to… More >

  • Open Access


    Flow Characteristics of Grains in a Conical Silo with a Central Decompression Tube Based on Experiments and DEM Simulations

    Huinan Sun1,*, Siqiang Wang2, Zhuoqing Zhang1, Chaoyong Xia1, Xu Chen1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.3, pp. 855-873, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015791

    Abstract Grains are widely present in industrial productions and processing, and are stored in silos. In the silo, auxiliary structures are added to achieve efficient production. However, little effort has been devoted to the influence of the internal structure of the silo on the granular flow. In this work, a silo with a central decompression tube is studied through experimental measurements and discrete element methods. Then, the influences of the central decompression tube on the flow behavior of grains and wall pressure are analyzed. Results show that the grains are in mass flow in the silo without a central decompression tube,… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparison of Coarse Graining DEM Models Based on Exact Scaling Laws

    Bin Zhang1,2, Yiming Huang3,4, Tingting Zhao5,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.3, pp. 1133-1150, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.016018

    Abstract The simulation of a large number of particles requires unacceptable computational time that is the most critical problem existing in the industrial application of the DEM. Coarse graining is a promising approach to facilitate the application of DEM to industrial problems. While the current coarse graining framework is often developed in an ad-hoc manner, leading to different formulations and different solution accuracy and efficiency. Therefore, in this paper, existing coarse graining techniques have been carefully analysed by the exact scaling law which can provide the theory basis for the upscaling method. A proper scaling rule for the size of particles… More >

  • Open Access


    Discrete Element Modelling of Dynamic Behaviour of Rockfills for Resisting High Speed Projectile Penetration

    Tingting Zhao1, Y. T. Feng2,*, Jie Zhang1, Zhihua Wang1, Zhiyong Wang1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.127, No.2, pp. 721-735, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.015913

    Abstract This paper presents a convex polyhedral based discrete element method for modelling the dynamic behaviour of rockfills for resisting high speed projectile penetration. The contact between two convex polyhedra is defined by the Minkowski overlap and determined by the GJK and EPA algorithm. The contact force is calculated by a Minkowski overlap based normal model. The rotational motion of polyhedral particles is solved by employing a quaternion based orientation representation scheme. The energy-conserving nature of the polyhedral DEM method ensures a robust and effective modelling of convex particle systems. The method is applied to simulate the dynamic behaviour of a… More >

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