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  • Open Access


    Evaluating the Effects of Sustainable Chemical and Organic Fertilizers with Water Saving Practice on Corn Production and Soil Characteristics

    Xuejun Zhang1,#, Muhammad Amjad Bashir2,#, Qurat-Ul-Ain Raza3, Xiaotong Liu1, Jianhang Luo1, Ying Zhao1, Qiuliang Lei4, Hafiz Muhammad Ali Raza2,3, Abdur Rehim2,3, Yucong Geng4, Hongbin Liu4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1349-1360, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026952


    The rapidly growing world population, water shortage, and food security are promising problems for sustainable agriculture. Farmers adopt higher irrigation and fertilizer applications to increase crop production resulting in environmental pollution. This study aimed to identify the long-term effects of intelligent water and fertilizers used in corn yield and soil nutrient status. A series of field experiments were conducted for six years with treatments as: farmer accustomed to fertilization used as control (CON), fertilizer decrement (KF), fertilizer decrement + water-saving irrigation (BMP1); combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizer + water-saving irrigation (BMP2), and combined application of controlled-release fertilizer (BMP3).… More >

  • Open Access


    Assessment of Nutrient Leaching Losses and Crop Uptake with Organic Fertilization, Water Saving Practices and Reduced Inorganic Fertilizer

    Xiaotong Liu1,#, Muhammad Amjad Bashir2,3,#, Yucong Geng4, Qurat-Ul-Ain Raza2, Abdur Rehim2, Muhammad Aon2, Jianhang Luo1, Ying Zhao1, Xuejun Zhang1,*, Hongbin Liu4,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1555-1570, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.026735


    The increasing world population has forced excessive chemical fertilizer and irrigation to complete the global food demand, deteriorating the water quality and nutrient losses. Short-term studies do not compile the evidences; therefore, the study aimed to identify the effectiveness of reduced doses of inorganic fertilizer and water-saving practices, hence, a six-year experiment (2015–2020) was conducted in China to address the knowledge gap. The experimental treatments were: farmer accustomed fertilization used as control (525:180:30 kg NPK ha−1), fertilizer decrement (450:150:15 kg NPK ha−1), fertilizer decrement + water-saving irrigation (450:150:15 kg NPK ha−1), application of organic and inorganic fertilizer + water-saving irrigation… More >

  • Open Access


    Fertilizer and manure equivalent rates on forage corn production (Zea mays)

    López-Calderón MJ1, U Figueroa-Viramontes2*, M Fortis-Hernández1, G Núñez-Hernández2, E Ochoa-Martínez2, JI Sanchez-Duarte2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.84, No.1, pp. 8-13, 2015, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2015.84.008

    Abstract An experiment with increasing rates of fertilizer and manure in silage corn was established to evaluate the agronomic crop response and to estimate the manure nitrogen availability. The treatments were designed to deliver 0, 67, 100 and 133% of the crop nitrogen requirements (CNR), using ammonium sulphate and manure as N source. Dry matter (DM) yield was similar among treatments receiving N, but those values were greater than those found in the control. Nitrogen extraction at harvest was not statistically different in treatments with fertilizer or manure, but it was higher in these treatments than in the control without N… More >

  • Open Access


    Corn production under subsurface drip irrigation and application of cow manure.

    Salazar-Sosa1 E, H I Trejo-Escareño2, C Vázquez-Vázquez1, JD López-Martínez1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.76, pp. 169-185, 2007, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2007.76.169

    Abstract This research was performed at the agricultural experimental center of the Facultad de Agricultura y Zootecnia, Universidad de Durango, Mexico. The main objetive was to determine the best amount of cow manure application and its effect on corn production, quality and nutrient uptake. Two factors were studied in this experiment that started in 2000. The results presented in this paper correspond to 2001. The factors were (1) crop, with the levels corn alone and corn-soybean, and (2) cow manure (with the levels: 0, 40, 80, 120, 160 Mgr/ha) and chemical fertilizer (100-150-0 kg/ha of N, P2O5 and K, respectively). The… More >

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