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Enhancement of Ultrasonic Seed Treatment on Yield, Grain Quality Characters, and 2-Acetyl-1-Pyrroline Biosynthesis in Different Fragrant Rice Genotypes

Rujian Lan1,2,3,#, Meiyang Duan1,2,3,#, Feida Wu1,2,3,#, Rifang Lai1,2,3, Zhaowen Mo1,2,3, Shenggang Pan1,2,3, Xiangru Tang1,2,3,*
1 State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agricultural Bioresources, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China
2 Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Crop Cultivation in South China, Ministry of Agriculture, Guangzhou, 510642, China
3 Guangzhou Key Laboratory for Science and Technology of Aromatic Rice, Guangzhou, 510642, China
* Corresponding Author: Xiangru Tang. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2022, 91(11), 2461-2473. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2022.021884

Received 11 February 2022; Accepted 11 March 2022; Issue published 12 July 2022

Abstract

Fragrant rice is popular for the good grain quality and special aroma. The present study conducted a field experiment to investigate the effects of ultrasonic seed treatment on grain yield, quality characters, physiological properties and aroma biosynthesis of different fragrant rice genotypes. The seeds of three fragrant rice genotypes were exposed to 1 min of ultrasonic vibration and then cultivated in paddy field. The results of present study showed that ultrasonic seed treatment increased grain yield of all fragrant rice genotypes but the responses of yield formation to ultrasonic were varied with different genotypes. Compared with control, ultrasonic seed treatment increased grain 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2-AP, the key component of fragrant rice aroma) content by 13.40%–44.88%. Ultrasonic seed treatment also reduced the crude protein contents in grains. The head rice rate, rice length, chalky rice rate, and chalkiness degree were influenced by ultrasonic for one or two fragrant rice genotypes. The activities of peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were also enhanced due to ultrasonic seed treatment. In conclusion, ultrasonic seed treatment increased grain, regulated grain aroma and quality, and improved stress resistance of fragrant rice varieties.

Keywords

Fragrant rice; yield formation; crop growth; grain quality; 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline

Cite This Article

Lan, R., Duan, M., Wu, F., Lai, R., Mo, Z. et al. (2022). Enhancement of Ultrasonic Seed Treatment on Yield, Grain Quality Characters, and 2-Acetyl-1-Pyrroline Biosynthesis in Different Fragrant Rice Genotypes. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 91(11), 2461–2473.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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