Open Access


Genome-Wide Characterization of the Cellulose Synthase Gene Superfamily in Tea Plants (Camellia sinensis)

Qianqian Li1, Qi Zhao1,2,*, Xinzhuan Yao1, Baohui Zhang1, Litang Lu1,2,*
1 College of Tea Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China
2 Institute of Agro-Bioengineering, College of Life Sciences, The Key Laboratory of Plant Resource Conservation and Germplasm Innovation in Mountainous Region (Ministry of Education), Guizhou University, Guiyang, 550025, China
* Corresponding Authors: Qi Zhao. Email: ,; Litang Lu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Omics in Challenging Environment)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2022, 91(10), 2163-2189.

Received 20 January 2022; Accepted 25 February 2022; Issue published 30 May 2022


The cellulose synthase gene superfamily, including Cellulose synthase A (CesA) and cellulose synthase-like (Csl) gene families, is responsible for the synthesis of cellulose and hemicellulose, respectively. The CesA/Csl genes are vital for abiotic stress resistance and shoot tenderness regulation of tea plants (Camellia sinensis). However, the CesA/Csl gene family has not been extensively studied in tea plants. Here, we identified 53 CsCesA/Csl genes in tea plants. These genes were grouped into five subfamilies (CsCesA, CsCslB, CsCslD, CsCslE, CsCslG) based on the phylogenetic relationships with Arabidopsis and rice. The analysis of chromosome distribution, gene structure, protein domain and motif revealed that most genes in CsCesA, CsCslD and CsCslE subfamilies were conserved, whereas CsCslB and CsCslG subfamily members are highly diverged. The transcriptome analysis showed that most CsCesA/Csl genes displayed tissue-specific expression pattern. In addition, members of CsCslB4, CsCesA1/3/6, CsCslB3/4, CsCslD3, CsCslE1 and CsCslG2/3 subfamilies were up-regulated under drought and cold stresses, indicating their potential roles in regulating stress tolerance in tea plants. Furthermore, the expression levels of CsCslG2_6 and CsCslD3_5 in different tissues and cultivars, respectively, were positively correlated with the cellulose content that is negatively related with shoot tenderness. Thus, these two genes were speculated to be involved in the regulation of shoot tenderness in tea plants. Our findings may help elucidate the evolutionary relationships and expression patterns of the CsCesA/Csl genes in tea plants, and provide more candidate genes responsible for stress tolerance and tenderness regulation in tea plants for future functional research.


Tea plant (Camellia sinensis); cellulose synthase superfamily; phylogeny; stress resistance; shoot tenderness regulation

Cite This Article

Li, Q., Zhao, Q., Yao, X., Zhang, B., Lu, L. (2022). Genome-Wide Characterization of the Cellulose Synthase Gene Superfamily in Tea Plants (Camellia sinensis). Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 91(10), 2163–2189.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 537


  • 290


  • 0


Share Link

WeChat scan