Vol.90, No.6, 2021, pp.1673-1684, doi:10.32604/phyton.2021.015617
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ARTICLE
Comparison of Morphological and Anatomical Characteristics of Taxus chinensis var. mairei Seedlings Root under Waterlogging Stress in Different Substrates
  • Xinru He, Qiong Ding, Bing Sun, Yongjun Fei, Die Hu*
College of Horticulture and Gardening, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 434025, China
* Corresponding Author: Die Hu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Ecophysiology: Recent Trends and Advancements)
Received 31 December 2020; Accepted 01 March 2021; Issue published 28 June 2021
Abstract
Four different ratios of river sand, ceramic pellets, vermiculite and perlite (1:1), and field soil were selected as the substrates in this experiment, and four gradient levels of root waterlogging, half waterlogging, full waterlogging and normal were set to investigate the effects of different gradients of waterlogging stress on the root morphology of Taxus chinensis var. mairei seedlings under different substrates. In this study, the root anatomical structure of Taxus chinensis var. mairei under different waterlogging stress was observed by the paraffin section method. The roots of T. chinensis var. mairei were diarch, with no pith and resin canals. There was a large number of tannins in the pericycle of the aerial adventitious roots of seedlings adapted to waterlogging. Also, the endodermis has obvious casparian strip thickening, and there were 4-5 layers of large parenchymatous cells in the close to the inner side of the pericycle in the vascular cylinder, which could increase the storage capacity, and transport capacity of the root. Under the treatment of root waterlogging stress, the development of plant roots in the mixed substrate of vermiculite and, perlite was the earliest. Under half waterlogging stress, T. chinensis var. mairei seedlings treated with various substrates all could better adapt to the environment of waterlogging stress. Under the stress of fully waterlogging, the roots of seedlings planted in river sand substrate developed secondary growth.
Keywords
Waterlogging stress; Taxus chinensis var. mairei; root morphological; anatomy
Cite This Article
He, X., Ding, Q., Sun, B., Fei, Y., Hu, D. (2021). Comparison of Morphological and Anatomical Characteristics of Taxus chinensis var. mairei Seedlings Root under Waterlogging Stress in Different Substrates. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(6), 1673–1684.
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