Vol.90, No.6, 2021, pp.1697-1709, doi:10.32604/phyton.2021.015295
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ARTICLE
Identification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Analysis of Linkage Disequilibrium in Different Bamboo Species Using the Candidate Gene Approach
  • Xihua Liu1, Min Luo1, Xiaofei Chen1, Changjun Ding2,*
1 Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Monitoring & Sustainable Management and Utilization, Sanming University, Sanming, 36504, China
2 Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation, State Forestry Administration, Beijing, 100091, China
* Corresponding Author: Changjun Ding. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Ecophysiology: Recent Trends and Advancements)
Received 07 December 2020; Accepted 02 March 2021; Issue published 28 June 2021
Abstract
Bamboos are one of the most beautiful and useful plants on Earth. The genetic background and population structure of bamboos are well known, which helps accelerate the process of artificial domestication of bamboo. Partial sequences of six genes involved in nitrogen use efficiency in 32 different bamboo species were analyzed for occurrence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). The nucleotide diversity θw and total nucleotide polymorphisms πT of the sequenced DNA regions was 0.05137 and 0.03332, respectively. Both πnonsyn /πsyn and Ka/Ks values were <1. The nucleotide sequences of these six genes were inferred to be relatively conserved, and the haplotype diversity was relatively high. The results of evolutionary neutrality tests showed that the six genes were in line with neutral evolution, and that the NRT2.1 and AMT2.1 gene sequences may have experienced negative selection. An inter-SNP recombination event at the NRT2.1 gene in the all pooled sample, of all 32 bamboo species was the lowest at 0.0645, whereas the AMT gene recombination events were all >0.1. Estimation and analysis of linkage disequilibrium of five genes revealed that with the increase in nucleotide sequence length, the degree of SNP linkage disequilibrium decreased rapidly. We inferred the population genetic structure of 32 bamboo species based on the SNP loci of six genes with frequencies >18%. 32 bamboo species were divided into five categories, which indicated that the combined population of all bamboo species had obvious multivariate characteristics and was heterogeneous; red (Group 1) and green (Group 2) were the main groups.
Keywords
Bamboo; nitrogen use efficiency; single nucleotide polymorphism; linkage disequilibrium
Cite This Article
Liu, X., Luo, M., Chen, X., Ding, C. (2021). Identification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Analysis of Linkage Disequilibrium in Different Bamboo Species Using the Candidate Gene Approach. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(6), 1697–1709.
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