Home / Journals / PHYTON / Vol.90, No.5, 2021

On the Cover

The present study investigated and screened the top 50 most closely interacting proteins in the flowering plant Dendranthema grandiflorum ‘Jinba’ (i.e., chrysanthemum), and mapped the protein interaction network. This was to gain a comprehensive understanding of the differentially expressed proteins affected by heat stress, and clearly demonstrate the protein-protein interactions. The circles represent differentially expressed proteins, and the colors represent the differential expression of the proteins (blue for down-regulated proteins, red for up-regulated proteins). The larger the circle, the more proteins it interacted with, and the more important the protein was in the network.
View this paper

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Pathways of Phosphorus Absorption and Early Signaling between the Mycorrhizal Fungi and Plants

    Griselda Madrid-Delgado1,#, Marcos Orozco-Miranda1,#, Mario Cruz-Osorio1,#, Ofelia Adriana Hernández-Rodríguez1, Raúl Rodríguez-Heredia2, Melchor Roa-Huerta2, Graciela Dolores Avila-Quezada1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1321-1338, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.016174
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Mycorrhizal Fungi and Sustainable Development of Agriculture)
    Abstract

    This review highlights the key role that mycorrhizal fungi play in making phosphorus (Pi) more available to plants, including pathways of phosphorus absorption, phosphate transporters and plant-mycorrhizal fungus symbiosis, especially in conditions where the level of inorganic phosphorus (Pi) in the soil is low. Mycorrhizal fungi colonization involves a series of signaling where the plant root exudates strigolactones, while the mycorrhizal fungi release a mixture of chito-oligosaccharides and liposaccharides, that activate the symbiosis process through gene signaling pathways, and contact between the hyphae and the root. Once the symbiosis is established, the extraradical mycelium acts as an extension of the… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Functional Role of miRNAs: Key Players in Soybean Improvement

    Kapil Gupta1, Sujit Kumar Mishra2, Shubhra Gupta3, Saurabh Pandey4, Jogeswar Panigrahi5,*, Shabir Hussain Wani6,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1339-1362, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015239
    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr) is an agro-economic crop growing across the world to cater nutrition for both human and animal feed due to the high oil and protein content in its edible seeds. The genes and QTLs associated with important agronomic traits in this crop have already been identified and validated for soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Phytophthora root and stem rot, Pythium root rot and aphid resistance, seed quality, nutrient values, and also employed for genetic improvement in soybean. In the last decade, micro RNAs (miRNAs) have been considered the effector molecules, so the detection and characterization of novel… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Morpho-Physiological, Biochemical and Molecular Adaptation of Millets to Abiotic Stresses: A Review

    Seerat Saleem1, Naveed Ul Mushtaq1, Wasifa Hafiz Shah1, Aadil Rasool1, Khalid Rehman Hakeem2,*, Reiaz Ul Rehman1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1363-1385, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014826
    Abstract Abiotic stresses such as drought, heat, cold, nutrient deficiency, excess salt and hazardous metals can hamper plantgrowth and development. Intensive agriculture of only a few major staple food crops that are sensitive and intolerant to environmental stresses has led to an agrarian crisis. On the other hand, nutritionally rich, gluten free and stress tolerant plants like millets are neglected and underutilized. Millets sustain about one-third of the world’s population and show exceptional tolerance to various abiotic and biotic stresses. Millets are C4 plants that are adapted to marginal and dry lands of arid and semi-arid regions, and survive low rainfall… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The BHLH Transcriptional Factor PIF4 Competes with the R2R3-MYB Transcriptional Factor MYB75 to Fine-Tune Seeds Germination under High Glucose Stress

    Xiaoli Li, Shiyan Lu, Yaru Yang, Wenjie Wei, Jiali Wei, Xiaojun Yuan*, Ping Li*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1387-1400, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.016362
    Abstract It is known that the high level of sugar including glucose suppresses seed germination through ABA signal. ABI5 is an essential component to mediate ABA-dependent seed germination inhibition, but underlying mechanism needs more investigation. Previous study demonstrated the PIF4 activated the expression of ABI5 to suppress seed germination in darkness. Here we reported that PIF4 also mediated the seed germination inhibition through ABI5 under high concentration of glucose treatment. Furthermore, we found that PIF4 interacted with PAP1, the central factor to control anthocyanin biosynthesis. Such interaction was confirmed in vitro and in planta. Biochemical and physiological analysis revealed that PAP1… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Physiologic and Transcriptomic Insights into the High Alkali Response of Dunaliella salina

    Jun Zhou, Haiqing Sun, Jiali Wei, Ping Li*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1401-1414, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.016514
    Abstract The halophilic unicellular green alga Dunaliella salina is characterized as the distinct tolerance to high salt in the field. Normally the organism is concurrently subjected with salt and alkali stress, but the feature of D. salina in response to high alkali stress was not investigated before. In this study, we used high pH stress to simulate high alkali stress and found D. salina also showed tolerance to high alkali stress, even grown under pH at 11.0, with high cell density and chlorophyll biosynthesis. High-throughput transcriptome analysis revealed the dramatically different expression of genes associated with nitrogen metabolism, lipid and β-carotene… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Proteomic Analysis of High Temperature Stress-Responsive Proteins in Chrysanthemum Leaves

    Xin Li, Feiya Liao, Qiqi Ma, Beibei Jiang*, Yuanzhi Pan, Cheng Luo, Xinjie Wang, Aining Ran
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1415-1423, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.016143
    Abstract Chrysanthemum is one of the most important ornamental flowers in the world, and temperature has a significant influence on its field production. In the present study, differentially expressed proteins were investigated in the leaves of Dendranthema grandiflorum ‘Jinba’ under high temperature stress using label-free quantitative proteomics techniques. The expressed proteins were comparatively identified and analyzed. A total of 1,463 heat-related, differentially expressed proteins were successfully identified by Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and 1,463 heat-related, differentially expressed proteins were successfully identified by mass spectrometry after a high temperature treatment. Among these, 701 proteins were upregulated and 762 proteins were downregulated.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Screening and Assessment of Selected Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Genotypes for Drought Tolerance at Seedling Stage

    Md. Rezwan Molla1,2,4, Md. Motiar Rohman2,*, Mahmuda Binte Monsur2, Mirza Hasanuzzaman3,*, Lutful Hassan4
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1425-1443, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015591
    Abstract This study was undertaken to investigate oxidative stress tolerant mechanisms in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) under drought genotypes through evaluating morphological, physiological, biochemical and stomatal parameters. Twenty genotypes were evaluated for their genetic potential to drought stress tolerant at seedling stage. Thirty days old seedlings were exposed to drought stress induced by stop watering for the following 10 days and rewatering for the following one week as recovery. Based on their survival performance, two tolerant genotypes viz. BD-10906 and BD-109012 and two susceptible genotypes viz. BD-10902 and RT-20 were selected for studying the oxidative stress tolerance mechanism. Drought reduced root… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Regulatory Roles of microRNAs and Associated Target Genes during Early Somatic Embryogenesis in Liriodendron Sino-Americanum

    Dan Wang1, Fengjuan Lu1, Pengkai Wang1, Jiaji Zhang1, Lu Lu1, Yan Zhen1, Ye Lu1, Tielong Cheng2, Jisen Shi1,*, Jinhui Chen1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1445-1463, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015499
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Tree Somatic Embryogenesis and Application)
    Abstract Somatic cells respond to considerable stress, and go through a series of phytohormone pathways, then forming an embryo. The developmental process is recorded as somatic embryogenesis (SE). One of the key components regulating SE are the microRNAs (miRNAs). Despite previous studies, it is still not clear exactly how miRNAs exert their function of regulating targets during conditionally activated early SE. Here, we use Liriodendron sino-americanum as a model system and perform a combined analysis of microfluidic chips and degradome sequencing to study this process. We identified a total of 386 conserved miRNAs and 153 novel miRNAs during early SE. According… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Epi-Brassinolide Positively Affects Chlorophyll Content and Dark-Reaction Enzymes of Maize Seedlings

    Yuanfen Gao, Tinglan Jiang, Yin Xiang, Xuewu He, Zhen Zhang, Shengjuan Wen, Junjie Zhang*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1465-1476, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014811
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Physiology for Crop Production and Sustainable Agriculture)
    Abstract Brassinosteroids participate in many physiological processes in plants; however, their regulatory roles on the activities of the enzymes involved in dark phase of photosynthesis remains elusive. In this study, detached leaves and protoplasts of maize seedlings were treated with epi-brassinolide (EBR) and brassinazole followed by the determination of the contents of chlorophyll (a+b) and soluble sugars, and the activity of dark reaction enzymes and the expression of the relevant genes. The results showed that chlorophyll (a+b) content increased by 7.4% under 0.1 μM EBR treatment for 48 h; furthermore, chlorophyll (a+b) content increased by 34% in detached leaves that were… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nanosilver-Promoted Lateral Root Development in Rice is Mediated through Hydrogen Peroxide

    Yu-Jyun Chen, Xian-Hao Yang, Yun-Yang Chao*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1477-1489, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015719
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Nanosilver (10−9 m) refers to particles comprising 20–15,000 silver atoms, exhibiting high stability and specific surface area. At present, nanosilver has been used in agricultural cultivation and production. This study examined the effects of nanosilver on growth and development of rice root systems. Study results showed that fresh weight of rice belowground organs and root length both increased significantly by 5% and 25%, respectively, after rice radicles were treated with 2 ppm of nanosilver for three days. However, the H2O2 level reached its peak at 2 days from treatment, but the activities of the antioxidant enzymes CAT, APX, and GR… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Potentiality of Different Seed Priming Agents to Mitigate Cold Stress of Winter Rice Seedling

    Md. Parvez Anwar1,*, Md. Ariful Islam Khalid1, A. K. M. Mominul Islam1, Sabina Yeasmin1, Sharif Ahmed2, Adel Hadifa3, Ismail A. Ismail4, Akbar Hossain5, Ayman EL Sabagh6,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1491-1506, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015822
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Ecophysiology: Recent Trends and Advancements)
    Abstract Seed priming has proved to be an effective pre-germination seed invigoration technique for different crops to improve seed and seedling performance under different abiotic stresses. In Bangladesh, winter rice is very often exposed to cold waves just after sowing in the nursery bed resulting in poor seed germination and seedling emergence, yellowish and thin seedlings production, and a very low survival rate. Seed priming may mitigate the cold stress during seed germination and seedling emergence and helps in the quality seedling production of winter rice. To evaluate the efficacy of different seed priming techniques in increasing seedling emergence, growth, vigor… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Knowledge Mapping of Opuntia Milpa Alta Since 1998: A Scientometric Analysis

    Meixiang Chen1, Hong Yang1, Zhengda Song1, Yonghua Gu1,#,*, Yuhong Zheng1,2, Jiangwei Zhu3, Aiwu Wang4, Li Fu5,#,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1507-1518, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015723
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Physiology for Crop Production and Sustainable Agriculture)
    Abstract Opuntia Milpa Alta is a cactus cultivated, domesticated, hybridized and selected from the plant Opuntia ficus-indica by Mexican agricultural experts, which can be used as fruit and vegetable. Opuntia Milpa Alta leaves and fruit are superior to wild varieties and suitable for storage and transportation. In 1998, Opuntia Milpa Alta was introduced to China from Mexico by the Quality Product Development Center of the Ministry of Agriculture of China. Up to now, the Opuntia Milpa Alta has been cultivated on a certain scale in China. This study aims to identify the research progress and development trends of Opuntia Milpa Alta… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Photodegradation and Removal of Diclofenac by the Green Alga Nannochloropsis oculata

    Danaé Samara Sánchez-Sandoval#, Omar González-Ortega#, Mara Fernanda Navarro-Martínez, Juan Marcos Castro-Tapia, Ramón Fernando García de la Cruz, Ruth Elena Soria-Guerra*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1519-1533, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015087
    Abstract The emerging contaminants (ECs) are organic compounds including pharmaceuticals. These products are consumed in large quantities, favoring their continuous entrance to the environment and affecting the health of living beings. Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with analgesic properties of prolonged release. It is the commonest postoperative analgesic, and it is highly consumed without prescription. In recent years, the capability of microalgae to remove pharmaceuticals in water has been tested as a promising tool. In this work, the removal efficiency of diclofenac (16 µg/mL) by the microalga Nannochloropsis oculata CCAP 186/7 was evaluated. The major nutrient concentrations in Bold’s Basal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mycorrhizas Affect Polyphyllin Accumulation of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis through Promoting PpSE Expression

    Hailing Li1,2, Lingfeng Xu1, Zhuowei Li1, Shunxin Zhao1, Dongqin Guo1, Lu Rui1,*, Nong Zhou1,*
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1535-1547, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015697
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Mycorrhizal Fungi and Sustainable Development of Agriculture)
    Abstract Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis is a traditional Chinese medicinal plant, in which polyphyllin as the main medicinal component is an important secondary metabolite with bioactivity. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have multiple positive effects on plants, while it is not clear whether AMF increase the content of medicinal components in medicinal plants. In this study, a total of nine AMF treatments were laid to analyze the mycorrhizal effect on polyphyllin accumulation and PpHMGR and PpSE expression of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. AMF increased the content of polyphyllin in the cultivated variety with low relation to the increase of inoculation intensity. Polyphyllin… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Diversity Analysis of Chlorophyll, Flavonoid, Anthocyanin, and Nitrogen Balance Index of Tea Based on Dualex

    Yifu Liu1,2, Jiazhen Wang1,2,*, Yao Xiao1, Xiongwen Shi1, Yixia Zeng1
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1549-1558, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015557
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Bioactive Compounds-Chemotaxonomic Significance, Antioxidant Properties, Potential Application as Food Ingredients as well as Therapeutics, and the Analytical Technology in Their Efficient Discovery)
    Abstract The chemical compositions of tea (Camellia sinensis) are affected by numerous factors, such as cultivar, climate, leaf position, and cultivation pattern. However, under the same conditions, the chemical compositions are mainly determined by varieties. Therefore, we investigated the genetic diversity of chemical compositions of tea tree resources in China to screen excellent germplasm resources. Three chemical compositions index (including chlorophyll index, flavonoid index, and anthocyanin index) and the nitrogen balance index of tea leaves were measured in 102 tea germplasms planted in Chinese Tea Plants Improved Variety Germplasm Resources Nursery (CTPIVGRN) by Dualex on April 15 2019. Results showed that… More >

Share Link

WeChat scan