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Evaluation of Ocimum basilicum L. with Different Concentrations of K+ as an Inhibitor of Pathogenic Bacterial Strains

Mercedes Georgina Ramírez-Aragón1, Victoria Jared Borroel-García1, Ramón Valenzuela-Soto1, Ricardo David Valdez-Cepeda2, Francisco Javier Wong-Corral3, José Luis García-Hernández4,*
1 Universidad Politécnica de Gómez Palacio, Gómez Palacio, 35120, México
2 Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Centro Regional Universitario Centro-Norte, Zacatecas, Zac., Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Facultad de Matemáticas, Zacatecas, 98053, México
3 Departamento de Investigación y Posgrado en Alimentos, Universidad de Sonora, Hermosillo, 83000, México
4 Facultad de Agricultura y Zootecnia, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Gómez Palacio, 34000, México
* Corresponding Author: José Luis García-Hernández. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Secondary Metabolites: Recent Advances and Opportunities)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2021, 90(2), 533-541.

Received 28 July 2020; Accepted 15 October 2020; Issue published 07 February 2021


The extraction of bioactive compounds has become one of the most interesting areas of modern chemistry. For therapeutic reasons, it´s important to obtain antimicrobial agents from natural origin. The objective of the present study was to determine the inhibitory effect of ethanolic extract of basil (Ocimum basilicum L. var. Red Rubin) subjected to different concentrations of potassium (K+) on the activity of three bacterial strains that are pathogens in humans. Susceptibility was evaluated by inhibition surface and these results were compared to two antibiotics: Gentamicin (GE) and Ciprofloxacin (CPF) for their efficacy against each bacterial strain. Analyzed variables presented significant difference (p ≤ 0.05). According to the results, basil extract evaluated showed positive antibacterial activity against the three strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus on Mueller Hinton agar. It was observed highest inhibition areas of different diameters (15.3 mm, 21.3 mm and 21.6 mm respectively) when the extract used was obtained from the plants with the highest concentration of potassium (13 mmol L–1). These values were even superior to the highest values showed on the treatments with the antibiotic gentamicin.


Basil; inhibition; potassium; secondary metabolites; antibiotics

Cite This Article

Ramírez-Aragón, M. G., Borroel-García, V. J., Valenzuela-Soto, R., Valdez-Cepeda, R. D., Wong-Corral, F. J. et al. (2021). Evaluation of Ocimum basilicum L. with Different Concentrations of K+ as an Inhibitor of Pathogenic Bacterial Strains. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 90(2), 533–541.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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