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Effects of Different Geographical Aspects and Ontogenetic Variability on Total Hypericin Content of Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra. and Hypericum scabrum L.

Emine Aslan, Dogan Arslan*
Field Crops Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Siirt University, Siirt, 56000, Turkey
* Corresponding Author: Dogan Arslan. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Plant Secondary Metabolites: Recent Advances and Opportunities)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2020, 89(4), 1091-1099. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2020.010835

Received 03 April 2020; Accepted 04 June 2020; Issue published 09 November 2020

Abstract

The present study was conducted to determine the total hypericin contents of Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra. and Hypericum scabrum L. species which are naturally distributed in the flora of Siirt province, Turkey. Hypericin contents of Hypericum species grown in different geographical aspects (North, South, East, and West), and it was measured at different harvest times (full blooming and post blooming period). In the current study, it has been determined that total hypericin content varies considerably according to aspects, plant developmental stages (ontogenetic variance), and species. According to species x aspect interaction, the highest total hypericin content was recorded from the west aspect (3.13 mg/g) in Hypericum triquetrifolium, while, the lowest hypericin content was also obtained from the west aspect (1.22 mg/g) in Hypericum scabrum. When the highest total hypericin content was analyzed according to aspect x species x harvest time interaction, the highest total hypericin content was produced from Hypericum triquetrifolium at the harvest of west aspect with 5.28 mg/g, while the minimum amount of hypericin was obtained from the same aspect in Hypericum scabrum with 0.50 mg/g. In species x harvest time interaction, the highest total hypericin content was obtained from the full bloom (3.10 mg/g) harvest in Hypericum triquetrifolium, while the lowest hypericin was obtained from the full bloom (1.26 mg/g) harvest in Hypericum scabrum. The data suggest that the average total hypericin content was 2.26 mg/g in Hypericum triquetrifolium and 1.28 mg/g in Hypericum scabrum.

Keywords

Hypericum triquetrifolium; Hypericum scabrum; aspect; hypericin

Cite This Article

Aslan, E., Arslan, D. (2020). Effects of Different Geographical Aspects and Ontogenetic Variability on Total Hypericin Content of Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra. and Hypericum scabrum L.. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 89(4), 1091–1099.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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