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Effects of high arsenic and fluoride soil concentrations on soybean plants

Bustingorri C, K Balestrasse, RS Lavado
Instituto de Investigaciones en Biociencias Agrícolas y Ambientales (INBA), Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Av. San Martín 4453 - C1417DSE, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Raúl S. Lavado, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2015, 84(2), 407-416. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2015.84.407

Abstract

Arsenic (As) and Fluoride (F) are present in many soils, affecting crops and posing risks in the food chain. We performed pot experiments on spiked soils enriched in these elements either individually or simultaneously, over a wide range of concentrations. Soybean biomass production, grain yield, As and F accumulation and distribution within the plant, and the antioxidant response to these stresses were analyzed. Arsenic was more toxic than F. At As levels >35 mg/kg and F levels >375 mg/kg, yield loss reached 60% and 30%, respectively. At the highest dose of As plants died within 2 weeks, whereas F showed no lethality. When they were applied simultaneously, detrimental effects were more important. As and F in plants increased in all soybean organs although grains presented the lowest concentrations. Antioxidant enzymes were enhanced in plants but this increase was not high enough to cope with the oxidative damage.

Keywords

Soil contamination, Toxic elements in crops, Grain contamination, Oxidative stress, Soybean.

Cite This Article

C, B., Balestrasse, K., Lavado, R. (2015). Effects of high arsenic and fluoride soil concentrations on soybean plants. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 84(2), 407–416.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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