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Comparative effectiveness of two nitrogen sources for corn fertilization

Copperi MZ1, ME M,olesi2, MA Cantamutto2, MM Ron2
Laboratorio SUELOFERTIL®. Olivero Duggan 1281 (7500) Tres Arroyos, e-mail: zcopperi@acacoop.com.ar
Dpto. Agronomía, UNS. San Andrés 800 (8000) Bahía Blanca, Argentina. Tel.: 54 291 4595126-int. 4364.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Ing. Agr. (Mg.) María de las Mercedes Ron, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2013, 82(all), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2013.82.099

Abstract

Corn has not only a high growth potential and a great capacity of biological response to suitable crop management but also may contribute to a better match of crops with environmental offer in Argentina. Nitrogen (N) fertilization must make provision for eventual N losses, and fertilization strategies must be designed so as to minimize their global incidence. The different quick-release N sources show similar efficiencies when they are incorporated, but in surface applications, sources that contain little or no amidic N have a better performance than urea (U). The objective of this paper was to make an evaluation of corn response to N applied in V6 without incorporation, using two different solid N sources. A field experiment was carried out during 2004, in a farm located 30 km away from General Pico (La Pampa, Argentina), to evaluate corn response to N rates (0 - 120 kg/ha) sidedressed in V6 without incorporation, using U or a commercial mixture of ammonium nitrate and dolomite (ND). Rainfall and temperatures were ideal during the crop cycle. The excellent growing conditions reflected in high corn yields. The results showed that N fertilization affected virtually all yield components. Yield was on average 2417 kg of grain/ha greater in the ND than in the U treatments. For a N rate below 85 kg/ha, agronomic efficiency was of 65 and 87 kg of corn per kg of applied N for U and ND, respectively. Apparent fertilizer N recovery was 1.14 and 1.34 kg absorbed N per kg applied N for U and ND, respectively. For the kind of soil, cultivar and growing conditions of the experiment, a substitution value of 1.6 can be used to estimate ND-N rates from models developed for U-N.

Keywords

Fertilizer technology, Nitrogen recovery, Substitution value.

Cite This Article

MZ, C., M,olesi, M., Cantamutto, M., Ron, M. (2013). Comparative effectiveness of two nitrogen sources for corn fertilization. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 82(all), 99–106.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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