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Variation in specific composition and cover in grassland exposed to various grazing pressures in the Monte Rionegrino

Peter G1,2, FA Funk3, A Loydi4, AI Casalini5, CV Leder4
CURZA, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Esandi y Ayacucho, 8500 Viedma, Argentina.
Universidad Nacional de Río Negro, Av. Don Bosco y Leloir, 8500 Viedma, Argentina.
CERZOS, CCT CONICET Bahía Blanca, Camino La Carrindanga Km 7, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur, San Juan 670, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
CENPAT, CONICET, Boulevard Brown 2915, 9120, Puerto Madryn, Argentina.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Guadalupe Peter. Tel.: 054-02920-423772 int 146, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2012, 81(all), 233-237. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2012.81.233

Abstract

In the western Monte Phytogeographical Province of Rio Negro, vegetation is a shrubby-grassland steppe, where plants are interspersed within a bare soil matrix forming “phytogenic islands”. The objective of this study was to evaluate the specific composition and cover of the study ecological system under different grazing pressures. We selected areas with high, moderate and low grazing intensity at three sites. In each area we established five linear transects, where basal cover and all intercepted species were registered. Sites were arranged through a Principal Component Analysis using the Infostat software. We analyzed similarity between sites, considering basal cover and species present in islands and inter-islands, and in both situations together. Islands and inter-islands were separated especially by the presence of shrubby species. Exclosure areas showed a greater cover of Poa ligularis, litter and biological crusts, whereas intense grazed areas presented a greater cover of bare soil. Grazing by itself and different grazing pressures can modify the specific composition at an island and inter-island scale. Greater cover of biological crusts could help recovery of the study system.

Keywords

Desertification, Vegetation islands, Grazing intensity, Bare soil, Arid zones.

Cite This Article

G, P., Funk, F., Loydi, A., Casalini, A., Leder, C. (2012). Variation in specific composition and cover in grassland exposed to various grazing pressures in the Monte Rionegrino. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 81(all), 233–237.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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