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Vegetation response to a controlled fire in the Phytogeographical Province of the Monte, Argentina

Peláez1 DV, HD Giorgetti2, OA Montenegro2, OR Elia3, GD Rodríguez2, RM Bóo1,*, MD Mayor4,*,*, CA Busso3
Departamento de Agronomía (UNS), CIC, CERZOS, Altos del Palihue, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
Chacra Experimental de Patagones, MAA de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, C.C. 118, 8504 Carmen de Patagones, Argentina.
Departamento de Agronomía (UNS), CERZOS, CONICET, Altos del Palihue, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
Departamento de Agronomía (UNS), Altos del Palihue, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
Address Correspondence to: D.V. Peláez; e-mail: dpelaez@criba.edu.ar; fax 054-0291-4595127; Phone 054-0291-4595102.
* Corresponding Author:* Dr. Roberto Miguel Bóo passed away on 30 October, 2007
** Agr.Eng., M.Sc. Mirta Doris Mayor passed away on 4 December, 2008

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2010, 79(all), 169-176. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2010.79.169

Abstract

Fire is a major ecological process within most terrestrial ecosystems. Therefore, understanding the vegetation response to fire is essential to its management. Our objective was to study the effect of a controlled fire, conducted at the end of summer season, on cover and density of the most common woody and herbaceous species in Phytogeographical Province of the Monte, Argentina. In general, after the control fire, the woody species mean percentage cover was significantly lower (p<0.05) in the fire treatment than in the control (no controlled fire). This effect was persistent during the study period. No significant differences (p>0.05) were detected in woody species mean density among treatments throughout the whole study. Desirable perennial grass mean percentage foliar cover, except at two sampling dates, was higher (p<0.05) in the controlled fire treatment than in the control. Contrarily, mean percentage foliar cover of intermediate perennial grasses was lower in the fire treatment than in the control, although differences were not always significant (p<0.05). No significant differences (p<0.05) in desirable perennial grass density were detected among treatments. Intermediate perennial grass density was consistently lower in the fire than in the control treatment, although differences were not always significant at p<0.05. Desirable annual grass and forb foliar covers were slightly higher in the fire than in the control treatment. Our results suggest that the reduction of woody species cover might have favored the foliar cover increase of the desirable perennial grasses. Moreover, our results suggest that a single, controlled burn would not seem to start a plant species replacement sequence, and that the plant community would persist with no variation in the density of the major woody species and the most prominent perennial grasses.

Keywords

Controlled fire, Desirable grasses, Undesirable woody species, Monte region, Argentina.

Cite This Article

, P., Montenegro, O., Elia, O., Rodríguez, G., Bóo, R. et al. (2010). Vegetation response to a controlled fire in the Phytogeographical Province of the Monte, Argentina. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 79(all), 169–176.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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