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Diagnosis of the microbiological quality of fruits and vegetables in Chihuahua, Mexico

Ávila-Quezada1* G, E Sánchez1, E Muñoz1, LR Martínez2, E Villalobos2
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C., Av. 4ta. Sur No. 3820, Fracc. Vencedores del Desierto, Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua. México. Tel. 52 (639) 474 84-00.
Programa de Inocuidad. Comité Estatal de Sanidad Vegetal del Estado de Chihuahua, Carbonel 2509, Col. San Felipe, Chihuahua, México. Tel. 52 (639) 4145881.
* Corresponding Authors:* Address Correspondence to: Graciela Ávila-Quesada, ;

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2008, 77(all), 129-136. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2008.77.129

Abstract

We determined the microbiological quality of the most important fruits and vegetables in Chihuahua State (Mexico) to know the potential risks and apply prevention strategies prior to their consumption. Samples of jalapeño, bell and serrano pepper, cantaloupe, saladet and grape tomato, peach and Golden and Starkimson apple and of well, channel, irrigation and drinking water, as well as that for washing in packing were analyzed to determine Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, total and fecal coliforms, fungi and yeasts. Determinations were made following the methodology indicated by the Mexican regulations (NOM-111-SSA1-1994). Sampling was made in the whole Chihuahua State during the production cycle in 2004. Results suggest taking corrective measures to minimize microbiological contamination risks during the production process. One of these actions includes training of producers and their personnel about Good Agricultural Practices.

Keywords

Food safety, pathogens, fruits and vegetables

Cite This Article

, ., Muñoz, E., Martínez, L., Villalobos, E. (2008). Diagnosis of the microbiological quality of fruits and vegetables in Chihuahua, Mexico. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 77(all), 129–136.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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