Table of Content

Open Access

ARTICLE

Germination as a selection parameter in Karwinskia for its productivity potential in peroxisomicine A1

Luján-Rangel1 R, E Olivares-Sáenz2, RE Vázquez-Alvarado2, L Garza-Ocañas3, O Torres-Alanís3
División de Estudios de Posgrado, Facultad de Agronomía, U.A.N.L., Carr. Zuazua-Marín,Km. 17.5, Marín, N. L. C.P. 66700. Address Correspondence to: M.C. Rubén Luján Rangel. Departamento de Farmacología y Toxicología de la Facultad de Medicina de la U. A. N. L., Av. Gonzalitos 235 Norte, C. P. 64460, Monterrey, N. L., México. Tel. +52 (81) 8329-4201, Ext. 2734; Fax: (81) 8348-7763. e-mail: rlujanran@yahoo.com; rlujan@fm.uanl.mx
2 División de Estudios de Posgrado, Facultad de Agronomía UANL, Carr. Zuazua-Marín, Km. 17.5, Marín, N. L. C.P. 66700.
Departamento de Farmacología y Toxicología de la Facultad de Medicina de la U. A. N. L., Av. Gonzalitos 235 Norte, Monterrey, N. L., C. P. 64460.

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2007, 76(all), 61-77. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2007.76.061

Abstract

Karwinskia parvifolia (Kp) and Karwinskia humboldtiana (Kh) are poisonous plants of the rhamnacea family. Toxicological and clinical studies performed with one of the compounds present in the fruit [peroxisomicine A1 (PA1)] suggest its possible pharmacological usefulness in the treatment of certain types of cancer. This is why these plants are cultivated: to increase their productivity of PA1. We studied the effects of nitrogen and species on seed viability. The germination curve was determined for Kp with (Kp-WN) and without (Kp-NN) nitrogen, and for Kh without nitrogen (Kh-NN) using the probit model. This is characterized by the probability of germination in relation to time. The results of the average amount of cavities with one or more seedlings per endocarp were 26.4 and 15.8 % for the Kp-WN and Kp-NN groups, respectively; and 32.7 % for the Kh-NN group. Different germination speeds were observed between the study plants and between species, and the order was Kp-WN > Kp-NN > Kh-NN. The greatest amount of PA1 is obtained from the endocarps and testae of Karwinskia seeds, and the endocarps with the greatest number of embryos have a greater number of testae. As a result, using the germination percentages it is possible to estimate the number of viable embryos and therefore the potential productivity of PA1, by only having better grain filling. Thus, the germination tests would be a way of obtaining evidence for the embryo content of the endocarps, and a parameter to consider for the selectivity of plants with high PA1 yield.

Keywords

Viability, Karwinskia parvifolia, peroxisomicine A1, nitrogen.

Cite This Article

, L., Vázquez-Alvarado, R., Garza-Ocañas, L., Torres-Alanís, O. (2007). Germination as a selection parameter in Karwinskia for its productivity potential in peroxisomicine A1. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 76(all), 61–77.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 910

    View

  • 566

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link

WeChat scan