High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics

Submission Deadline: 31 January 2022 (closed)

Guest Editors

Dr. Dali Zeng, China National Rice Research Institute, China
Dr. Xiangyang Hu, Shanghai University, China

Summary

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the most important food crop in the world, being a staple food for more than half of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It plays an important role in global food security. Rice is also the first crop plant to have its genome sequenced, which promotes the establishment of the relatively complete research methods and a broad research base. Facing the challenge of global climate change and increasing food consumption, it is important to deeply analyze the physiological characteristics and genetic basis of high-yield rice for solving the growing food security problems in the world.

 

Potential topics may include, but are not limited to:

1) Physiological characteristics and yield of Rice

2) Abiotic and biotic stress on physiology and biochemistry of rice

3) Genomics-assisted breeding in rice

4) Analyses of yield and yield-related traits in rice

5) Grain yields of rice and environment (soil)


Keywords

Rice; Yield; Genetics; Physiology

Published Papers


  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Dominant Allele from 93-11, ES(4), Represses Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging and Leads to Early-Senescence in Rice

    Zhishu Jiang, Cong Gan, Yulian Liu, Xiaoli Lin, Limei Peng, Yongping Song, Xiaowei Luo, Jie Xu
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.3, pp. 665-677, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025266
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Senescence is the last developmental process in plant, which has an important impact on crop yield and quality. In this study, a stable hereditary early-senescence line BC64 was isolated from the high-generation recombinant inbred lines of 93-11 and Wuyunjing7 (W7). Genetic analysis showed that the premature aging phenotype was controlled by a dominant gene derived from 93-11. By linkage analysis, the gene was primarily mapped in the region between marker B4 and B5 near the centromere of chromosome 4, described as ES(4). Through multiple backcrossing with W7, the near-isogenic line of ES(4) (NIL-ES(4)) was obtained. Compared with wild-type W7, NIL-ES(4)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Endosperm-Specific Expression of YUCCA Genes Enhances Rice Grain Filling

    Huijun Jiang, Kaien Zhai, Xiaofan Ye, Tianwei Hu, Jieming Jiang, Xiaoqiu Dong, Weihuai Pan, Jianwei Pan, Jianxin Shou
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.12, pp. 2633-2648, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021474
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Grain filling is a crucial process that affects yield in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Auxin biosynthesis and signaling are closely related to rice yield; therefore, it is important to understand the effects of auxin biosynthesis on rice grain filling to improve crop yield. In this study, we used physiological and molecular strategies to identify the roles of auxin in rice grain filling. Exogenous application of auxin (IAA) or auxin analogues (2, 4-D) to young spikelets and flag leaves improved the seed-setting rate and yield per spike. Furthermore, real-time quantitative PCR assays confirmed that nine members of the OsYUCCA family of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancement of Ultrasonic Seed Treatment on Yield, Grain Quality Characters, and 2-Acetyl-1-Pyrroline Biosynthesis in Different Fragrant Rice Genotypes

    Rujian Lan, Meiyang Duan, Feida Wu, Rifang Lai, Zhaowen Mo, Shenggang Pan, Xiangru Tang
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2461-2473, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021884
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Fragrant rice is popular for the good grain quality and special aroma. The present study conducted a field experiment to investigate the effects of ultrasonic seed treatment on grain yield, quality characters, physiological properties and aroma biosynthesis of different fragrant rice genotypes. The seeds of three fragrant rice genotypes were exposed to 1 min of ultrasonic vibration and then cultivated in paddy field. The results of present study showed that ultrasonic seed treatment increased grain yield of all fragrant rice genotypes but the responses of yield formation to ultrasonic were varied with different genotypes. Compared with control, ultrasonic seed treatment increased… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification of QTLs for Yield and Associated Traits in F2 Population of Rice

    Rohini Bhat, Anil Kumar Singh, Muntazir Mushtaq, Romesh Kumar Salgotra, Manmohan Sharma, Basharat Ahmad Bhat, Umer Basu, Ibrahim Al-Ashkar , Mohammad Anwar Hossain, Akihiro Ueda, Ayman El Sabagh
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2439-2459, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020100
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling yield and yield-related traits in rice was performed in the F2 mapping population derived from parental rice genotypes DHMAS and K343. A total of 30 QTLs governing nine different traits were identified using the composite interval mapping (CIM) method. Four QTLs were mapped for number of tillers per plant on chromosomes 1 (2 QTLs), 2 and 3; three QTLs for panicle number per plant on chromosomes 1 (2 QTLs) and 3; four QTLs for plant height on chromosomes 2, 4, 5 and 6; one QTL for spikelet density on chromosome 5; four QTLs… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Identification and Characterization of a Novel Yellow Leaf Mutant yl1 in Rice

    Xiaofang Zeng, Guangzheng Li, Nu’an Liu, Yan Li, Jianrong Li, Xiaozhen Huang, Degang Zhao
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.11, pp. 2419-2437, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021199
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Leaf-color mutants play an important role in the study of chlorophyll metabolism, chloroplast development, and photosynthesis system. In this study, the yellow leaf 1 (yl1) rice mutant was identified from the ethyl methane sulfonate-treated mutant progeny of Lailong, a glutinous japonica rice landrace cultivated in Guizhou Province, China. Results showed that yl1 exhibited yellow leaves with decreased chlorophyll content throughout the growth period. Chloroplast development in the yl1 mutant was disrupted, and the grana lamellae was loosely packed and disordered. RNA sequencing and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed that the chlorophyll synthesis-related genes OsCHLH, OsCHLM, OsCHLG, PORB,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Breeding among Hassawi Landrace and Egyptian Genotypes for Stem Borer (Chilo agamemnon Bles.) Resistance and Related Quantitative Traits

    Mohammed I. Al-Daej, Mohamed M. El-Malky, Muhammad N. Sattar, Adel A. Rezk, Muhammad N. Naqqash, Jameel M. Al-Khayri
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.9, pp. 1905-1922, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020629
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Rice stem borer (Chilo agamemnon Bles.) is a primary insect pest of rice and is a major limiting factor to rice production. Breeding for insect-resistant crop varieties has been an economic way of integrated pest management (IPM) as it offers a viable and ecologically acceptable approach. This study was aimed to evaluate rice genotypes for their resistance against rice stem borer. Seven parental genotypes with twenty one F1 crosses were evaluated for genotypic variation in field experiments. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences for the studied traits in almost all crosses and parents. In addition, the mean squares of parents… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Molecular Interaction Study to Explore the Nigella sativa Bioactive Components as an Inhibitor of Peptide Deformylase to Inhibit the Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae via Applying Computational Approach

    Pravej Alam, Thamer H. Al balawi
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.9, pp. 1923-1931, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021334
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is one of the most damaging diseases to rice across the world. Various chemicals have been employed so far for the management of bacterial leaf blight. On the other hand, these compounds are damaging to the ecosystem and have an impact on non-target species such as humans and animals. As a result, there is a need to create a new natural inhibitor for BLB management. Deformylase (PDF) enzyme is present in all eubacteria and its necessity in bacterial protein synthesis reveals it as an attractive target for drug development.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sources of Nitrogen in Combination with Systems of Irrigation Influence the Productivity of Modern Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars during Dry Season in Sub-Tropical Environment

    Uttam Kumer Sarker, Md. Romij Uddin, Ahmed Khairul Hasan, Md. Abdur Rahman Sarkar, Md. Abdus Salam, Md. Alamgir Hossain, Eldessoky S. Dessoky, Ismail A. Ismail
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.8, pp. 1687-1708, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020645
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract In irrigated agricultural systems, nitrogen (N) and water are the vital resources for sustainability of the crop production in the modern era of climate change. The current study aimed to assess the impact of water and N management on the productivity of irrigated rice cultivars. In the context, a field observation was done at the research farm of Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, during dry seasons in consecutive two years (2018–2019 and 2019–2020). The experiments were set up following split-plot design assigning water management in the main plots, nitrogen management in the sub-plots, and the cultivars were approved in the split-split… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Constitutive Activation OsbZIP62 Improves Plant Height and Yield through Regulating the Expression of Agronomic Traits Related Genes in Rice

    Shiqin Yang, Tao Jiang, Peilin Shen, Shengjie Ren, Zhun Gu, Fangjun Feng, Yunpeng Peng, Wei Wang, Kai Xu
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.8, pp. 1671-1686, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018996
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Plant height is an important morphological trait that affects crop yield. Several genes related to plant height and yield have been reported in rice (Oryza sativa L.), however, the molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of these traits is still not completely understood. VP64 is widely used as a transcriptional activator to investigate the biological function of genes encoding transcription factors. Here, we identified a novel bZIP transcription factor OsbZIP62 that is involved in modulating agronomic traits in rice. Overexpression of OsbZIP62-VP64 (OsbZIP62V) significantly increases the plant height and yield per plant in rice. RNA-seq analysis showed that some plant height… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Different Irrigation Management on the Textural Properties of Double-Cropping Late Indica Rice in South China

    Ruoyu Xiong, Liming Chen, Daren Jiang, Yingjie Zhou, Xueming Tan, Xiaohua Pan, Yongjun Zeng, Jun Zhang, Yanhua Zeng
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.7, pp. 1495-1502, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018485
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract In order to investigate the effects of different irrigation management on the textural properties of two different double-cropping late Indica rice, the effects of three irrigation management including conventional irrigation (CK), constant irrigation (CI) and alternate wetting and drying (AWD) on textural properties has been researched under field conditions of two years. The results indicated that the firmness, cohesiveness and chewiness were decreased under AWD treatment, and the stickiness was increased compared with CK, while the textural properties under CI treatment showed the opposite trend with AWD treatment. Additionally, AWD treatment signifi- cantly improved the springiness of TY871 compared with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of High Temperature and Strong Light Combine Stress on Yield and Quality of Early Indica Rice with Different Amylose Content during Grout Filling

    Xiaofeng Ai, Ruoyu Xiong, Xueming Tan, Haixia Wang, Jun Zhang, Yongjun Zeng, Xiaohua Pan, Qinghua Shi, Taoju Liu, Yanhua Zeng
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1257-1267, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018328
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract High temperature (HT) accompanied with strong light (SL) often occurs in early indica rice production during grout filling stage in southern China, which accelerates grain ripening. Two indica rice cultivars with different amylose content (Zhongjiazao17, ZJZ17, high amylose content; Xiangzaoxian45, XZX45, low amylose content) were grown under control (CK), HT, and HT+SL conditions during grout filling to determine the effects on grain yield and quality of rice. The results showed that compared with CK, HT and HT+SL significantly reduced the 1000-grain weight and filled grain rate whether in high or low amylose content early indica rice cultivars during grout filling,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Phenotypic Characterization of Oryza nivara (Sharma et Shastry) Collected from Different Ecological Niches of Sri Lanka

    Salinda Sandamal, Asanka Tennakoon, Parakkrama Wijerathna, Song Ge, DABN Amarasekera, Buddhi Marambe, Sara M. Elwany, Sobhy Sorour, Ayman El Sabagh, Mohamed M. Hassan, Disna Ratnasekera
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.6, pp. 1269-1287, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018983
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Information on the genetic diversity of wild rice species in Sri Lanka is relatively meagre, though it plays a key role in crop improvement programs of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.). The present study was carried out to identify the morphological variation pattern of the wild populations of O. nivara in Sri Lanka. Seven populations (P1 to P7) collected from different agro-ecological regions were characterized in a common garden based on nine morphological traits. The findings revealed a high level of phenotypic variation between populations when compared to within a population. The most variable traits were the flag leaf panicle… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Environmental Genetic Analysis of Grain Size Traits Based on Chromosome Segment Substitution Line in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    Yujia Leng, Shuilian Wang, Ruoan Wang, Tao Tao, Shuwen Jia, Tao Song, Lina Xu, Xiuling Cai, Sukui Jin, Jiping Gao
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.5, pp. 943-958, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018707
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Grain size traits are critical agronomic traits which directly determine grain yield, but the genetic bases of these traits are still not well understood. In this study, a total of 154 chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) population derived from a cross between a japonica variety Koshihikari and an indica variety Nona Bokra was used to investigate grain length (GL), grain width (GW), length-width ratio (LWR), grain perimeter (GP), grain area (GA), and thousand grain weight (TGW) under four environments. QTL mapping analysis of six grain size traits was performed by QTL IciMapping 4.2 with an inclusive composite interval mapping (ICIM)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    OsMAPK6 Affects Male Fertility by Reducing Microspore Number and Delaying Tapetum Degradation in Oryza sativa L.

    Wuzhong Yin, Hongxia Yang, Yantong Wang, Ping Feng, Yao Deng, Yang Liu, Danyang Chen, Yijie Ban, Weichi Liu, Guanghua He, Nan Wang
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.4, pp. 727-744, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.017811
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade is important in stress signal transduction and plant development. In the present study, we identified a rice (Oryza sativa L.) mutant with reduced fertility, Oryza sativa mitogen-activated protein kinase 6 (osmapk6), which harbored a mutated MAPK gene. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy, quantitative RT-PCR analysis, TUNEL assays, RNA in situ hybridization, longitudinal and transverse histological sectioning, and map-based cloning were performed to characterize the osmapk6 mutant. The gene OsMAPK6 was expressed throughout the plant but predominantly in the microspore mother cells, tapetal cells, and microspores in the anther sac. Compared with the wild type,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Salt-Alkaline Stress on Carbohydrate Metabolism in Rice Seedlings

    Xiwen Shao, Dongsheng Gai, Dapeng Gao, Yanqiu Geng, Liying Guo
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.4, pp. 745-759, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.018933
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate carbohydrate metabolism in rice seedlings subjected to salt-alkaline stress. Two relatively salt-alkaline tolerant (Changbai 9) and sensitive (Jinongda 138) rice cultivars, grown hydroponically, were subjected to salt-alkaline stress via 50 mM of salt-alkaline solution. The carbohydrate content and the activities of metabolism-related enzymes in the leaves and roots were investigated. The results showed that the contents of sucrose, fructose, and glucose in the leaves and roots increased under salt-alkaline stress. Starch content increased in the leaves but decreased in the roots under salt-alkaline stress. The activities of sucrose-phosphate synthase, sucrose synthase, amylase,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nanosilver-Promoted Lateral Root Development in Rice is Mediated through Hydrogen Peroxide

    Yu-Jyun Chen, Xian-Hao Yang, Yun-Yang Chao
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.5, pp. 1477-1489, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015719
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Nanosilver (10−9 m) refers to particles comprising 20–15,000 silver atoms, exhibiting high stability and specific surface area. At present, nanosilver has been used in agricultural cultivation and production. This study examined the effects of nanosilver on growth and development of rice root systems. Study results showed that fresh weight of rice belowground organs and root length both increased significantly by 5% and 25%, respectively, after rice radicles were treated with 2 ppm of nanosilver for three days. However, the H2O2 level reached its peak at 2 days from treatment, but the activities of the antioxidant enzymes CAT, APX, and GR… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Amylose Content, Morphology, Crystal Structure, and Thermal Properties of Starch Grains in Main and Ratoon Rice Crops

    Na Kuang, Huabin Zheng, Qiyuan Tang, Yuanwei Chen, Xiaomin Wang, Youyi Luo
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.4, pp. 1119-1230, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014637
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Rice ratooning, or the production of a second rice crop from stubble after the harvest of the main crop, is considered to be a green and resource-efficient rice production system. The present study was conducted to examine variance in amylose content (AC), grain morphology, crystal structure, and thermal properties of starch between main- and ratoon-season rice of seven varieties. Ratoon-season rice grains had higher ACs and significantly lower transition gelatinization temperatures (To, Tp, and Tc) than did main-season rice grains. The relative crystallinity and lamellar peak intensity of ratoon-season rice starch were 7.89% and 20.38% lower, respectively, than those of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Characterization and Candidate Gene Analysis of the Yellow-Green Leaf Mutant ygl16 in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    Linjun Cai, Junhua Liu, Han Yun, Dan Du, Xiaolong Zhong, Zhenlin Yang, Xianchun Sang, Changwei Zhang
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.4, pp. 1103-1117, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015532
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Leaf color mutants are ideal materials for studying many plant physiological and metabolic processes such as photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, hormone physiology and disease resistance. In this study, the genetically stable yellow-green leaf mutant ygl16 was identified from mutated “Xinong 1B”. Compared with the wild type, the pigment concentration and photosynthetic capacity of the ygl16 decreased significantly. The ultrastructural observation showed that the distribution of thylakoid lamellae was irregular in ygl16 chloroplasts, and the grana and matrix lamellae were blurred and loose in varied degrees, and the chloroplast structure was disordered, while the osmiophilic corpuscles increased. The results of the genetic analysis… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mechanism of Photothermal Energy on the Growth and Yield of Rice under Water Level Regulation

    Menghua Xiao, Yuanyuan Li
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.4, pp. 1131-1146, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015093
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract The flooding caused by heavy rainfall in rice irrigation area and the drought caused by the drop of groundwater level are the research focus in the field of irrigation and drainage. Based on the comparative experiment and farmland water level control technology, this paper studied the average soil temperature under different soil layers (TM), the daily temperature change (TDC), the photosynthetic accumulation of single leaf and canopy in rice, and response of photothermal energy to rice root characteristics and growth factors in the paddy field under drought conditions. The results showed that the peak soil temperature under drought treatment was… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Exploration and Validation of the Potential Downstream Genes Underlying ipa1-2D Locus for Rice Panicle Branching

    Lin Zhang, Dong Xie, Zhong Bian, Yiting Zou, Han Zhou, Wenlu Cai, Hadi Yeilaghi, Xiaolei Fan, Changquan Zhang, Qiaoquan Liu
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.3, pp. 773-787, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.015229
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract In recent years, some super hybrid rice varieties were bred with strong culms and large panicles, which are mainly contributed by the ipa1-2D locus. A gain-of-function allele of OsSPL14 is the ipa1-2D and it can greatly increase the panicle primary branch number. However, the key downstream genes mediating this trait variation are not fully explored. In this study, we developed high-quality near-isogenic lines (NILs) with a difference of only 30 kb chromosomal segment covering the ipa1-2D locus. Using the NILs, we explored the impact of ipa1-2D on five sequential stages of early inflorescence development, and found that the locus can… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fine Mapping and Candidate Gene Prediction of the Quantitative Trait Locus qPL8 for Panicle Length in Rice

    Lin Zhang, Yiting Zou, Zhong Bian, Dong Xie, Hadi Yeilaghi, Xiaolei Fan, Dongsheng Zhao, Qiaoquan Liu
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.3, pp. 789-802, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014880
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract Rice panicle is the sink organ where assimilation product accumulates, and its morphology determines the rice yield. Panicle length has been suggested as a yield-related trait, but the genetic factor for its control is still limited. In this study, we carried out fine-mapping of qPL8, a QTL identified for panicle length in our previous work. Near isogenic line (NIL) with qPL8 exhibited elongated panicle without obvious effect on other panicle elements. With five key recombinants from NIL population, the locus was finally narrowed down to a 278-kb region, where 44 genes are annotated. By comparing the genomic sequence of two… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Phenotype Analysis and Fine Mapping of the Male Sterile Mutant ms10 in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    Gang Wei, Hongxia Yang, Jingwen Wu, Zixian Xiong, Nan Wang
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.3, pp. 803-813, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014505
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract There is a positive correlation between fertility and yield, and the decrease of fertility is bound to a greatly reduced crop yield. Male sterile mutants can be used in hybrid rice. Therefore, rice male sterility has an important value in research and application, and the study of related mutants is also very vital. The mutant ms10 (male sterile 10) reported in this study was induced by ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) in the indica maintainer line Xinong 1B. There was no significant difference between the ms10 and wild type in the vegetative growth stage. However, in the reproductive growth stage, ms10More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Different Potassium (K) Fertilizer Rates on Yield Formation and Lodging of Rice

    Tantan Zhang, Xiaoping He, Binglin Chen, Longxin He, Xiangru Tang
    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.3, pp. 815-826, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2021.014168
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: High-Yield Rice Physiology & Genetics)
    Abstract As one of the most important nutrients for plants, potassium (K) has substantial effects on growth and development of crops. Present study was conducted in three different sites in South China in late season in 2019 with the objective to study the effects of different applied amounts of K fertilizer on yield formation and lodging of rice. Four K fertilizer treatments, K0: 0 kg potassium oxide (K2O) ha−1 (control); K1: 64.20 kg K2O ha−1 ; K2: 128.55 kg K2O ha−1 and K3 153.90 kg K2O ha−1 were applied in the field experiment. The results showed that K2 and K3 treatments… More >

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