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Effect of Matrix on Cardiomyocyte Viscoelastic Properties in 2D Culture

Sandra Deitch, Bruce Z. Gao, Delphine Dean
Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634. sdeitch@clemson.edu
Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634. zgao@clemson.edu
Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634.. finou@clemson.edu

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2012, 9(3), 227-250. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2012.009.227

Abstract

Cardiomyocyte phenotype changes significantly in 2D culture systems depending on the substrate composition and organization. Given the variety of substrates that are used both for basic cardiac cell culture studies and for regenerative medicine applications, there is a critical need to understand how the different matrices influence cardiac cell mechanics. In the current study, the mechanical properties of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes cultured in a subconfluent layer upon aligned and unaligned collagen and fibronectin matrices were assessed over a two week period using atomic force microscopy. The elastic modulus was estimated by fitting the Hertz model to force curve data and the percent relaxation was determined from stress relaxation curves. The Quasilinear Viscoelastic (QLV) and Standard Linear Solid (SLS) models were fit to the stress relaxation data. Cardiomyocyte cellular mechanical properties were found to be highly dependent on matrix composition and organization as well as time in culture. It was observed that the cells stiffened and relaxed less over the first 3 to 5 days in culture before reaching a plateau in their mechanical properties. After day 5, cells on aligned matrices were stiffer than cells on unaligned matrices and cells on fibronectin matrices were stiffer than cells on collagen matrices. No such significant trends in percent relaxation measurements were observed but the QLV model fit the data very well. These results were correlated with observed changes in cellular structure associated with culture on the different substrates and analyzed for cell-to-cell variability.

Cite This Article

Deitch, S., Gao, B. Z., Dean, D. (2012). Effect of Matrix on Cardiomyocyte Viscoelastic Properties in 2D Culture. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 9(3), 227–250.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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