TY - EJOU
AU - Umadevi, B.
AU - Vinay, C. V.
AU - Dinesh, P. A.
TI - The Influence of Drag on Nonlinear Oscillatory Flow through Concentric Annulus
T2 - Molecular \& Cellular Biomechanics
PY - 2021
VL - 18
IS - 4
SN - 1556-5300
AB - A mathematical model has been developed to study the effect of particle drag parameter and frequency parameter on velocity and pressure gradient in nonlinear oscillatory two phase flow. The main purpose is to apply the model to study the combined effect of introduction of the catheter and elastic properties of the arterial wall on the pulsatile nature of the blood flow. We model the artery as an isotropic thin walled elastic tube and the catheter as a coaxial flexible tube. Blood is modeled as an incompressible particulate viscous Newtonian fluid. Perturbation technique has been applied to find the approximations for velocity and pressure gradient up to second order. Numerical solutions are investigated with graphical presentations to understand the effects of drag parameter, frequency parameter and phase angle on velocity along radial direction and pressure gradient along axial directions. As the drag parameter increases, mean pressure gradient and mean velocity will be decreased. As frequency parameter increases mean velocity profile bends near the outer wall. Due to elastic nature of artery wall, a thin catheter experience small oscillations and a thick catheter remains stationary inside the artery. Finally, the effect of catheterization on various physiologically important flow rate characteristicsâ€”mean velocity, mean pressure gradient are studied for a range of different catheter sizes, particle drag parameter and frequency parameters.
KW - Particle drag; oscillatory flow; catheter
DO - 10.32604/mcb.2021.015605