Vol.9, No.3, 2021-Table of Contents

On the Cover

In the article Ehsan Bari and his co-workers from 4 different countries have
developed the concept of determining the chemical constituents damaged and the damaged molecular species formed by fungal destructive attack in lignocellulosic materials by applying a novel technique, MALDI-ToF MS, for the first time in this type of studies. Different wood species were compared, with special insight on the chemistry involved.
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Cover image: Farzaneh Arabali

  • Differentiation of Fungal Destructive Behaviour of Wood by the White-Rot Fungus Fomes fomentarius by MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry
  • Abstract There are many methods to identify and recognize the molecular and behavioural differences between organisms. One of the methods for the detection and identification of unknown organisms as well as intermolecular and intramolecular structural differences is MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Therefore, differentiation of Fomes fomentarius decay capabilities on the chemical properties of the wood cell wall of the tree species Quercus castaneifolia, Juglans regia, and Carpinus betulus were used to determine and characterize the destructive behaviour of F. fomentarius decay by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The results showed that the fungus had more signifi- cant destructive behaviour on J. regia than the… More
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  • Biomolecules of Interest Present in the Main Industrial Wood Species Used in Indonesia-A Review
  • Abstract As a tropical archipelagic country, Indonesia’s forests possess high biodiversity, including its wide variety of wood species. Valorisation of biomolecules released from woody plant extracts has been gaining attractive interests since in the middle of 20th century. This paper focuses on a literature review of the potential valorisation of biomolecules released from twenty wood species exploited in Indonesia. It has revealed that depending on the natural origin of the wood species studied and harmonized with the ethnobotanical and ethnomedicinal knowledge, the extractives derived from the woody plants have given valuable heritages in the fields of medicines and pharmacology. The families… More
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  • Flexible Nanopaper Composed of Wood-Derived Nanofibrillated Cellulose and Graphene Building Blocks
  • Abstract Nanopaper has attracted considerable interest in the fields of films and paper research. However, the challenge of integrating the many advantages of nanopaper still remains. Herein, we developed a facile strategy to fabricate multifunctional nanocomposite paper (NGCP) composed of wood-derived nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) and graphene as building blocks. NFC suspension was consisted of long and entangled NFCs (10–30 nm in width) and their aggregates. Before NGCP formation, NFC was chemically modified with a silane coupling agent to ensure that it could interact strongly with graphene in NGCP. The resulting NGCP samples were flexible and could be bent repeatedly without any… More
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  • Synthesis of Green Adhesive with Tannin Extracted from Eucalyptus Bark for Potential Use in Wood Composites
  • Abstract Recently, the exploitation of renewable plant resources in the formulation of adhesives is very promising for their availability at low coast, as well as their richness in biomolecules such as polyphenols. In this way, many research studies tannins extracted from different sources such as mimosa, quebracho, and pine have been the subject of very satisfactory recent studies. In this paper, a new complete characterization of the tannins extracted from the bark of eucalyptus globulus harvested from two regions in Algeria was achieved. The structural characterization enabled us to confirm the richness in condensed tannins, particularly in procyanidin and prodelphinidin units.… More
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  • Performance of Unidirectional Biocomposite Developed with Piptadeniastrum Africanum Tannin Resin and Urena Lobata Fibers as Reinforcement
  • Abstract The Piptadeniastrum Africanum bark tannin extract was characterized using MALDI TOF, ATR-FT MIR. It was used in the development of a resin with Vachellia nilotica extract as a biohardener. This tannin is consisting of Catechin, Quercetin, Chalcone, Gallocatechin, Epigallocatechin gallate, Epicatechin gallate. The gel time of the resin at natural pH (pH = 5.4) is 660 s and its MOE obtained by thermomechanical analysis is 3909 MPa. The tenacity of Urena lobata fibers were tested, woven into unidirectional mats (UD), and used as reinforcement in the development of biocomposite. The fibers tenacity at 20, 30 and 50 mm lengths are… More
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  • Bond Behavior between BFRP Bars and Hybrid Fiber Recycled Aggregate Concrete after High Temperature
  • Abstract The aim of this study is to improve the bond performance of basalt fiber reinforced polymer (BFRP) bars and recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) after being exposed to high temperatures. The bond behavior (failure modes, bond strength, bond stress-slip curves) between BFRP bars and hybrid fiber recycled aggregate concrete (HFRAC) after being exposed to temperatures ranging from 20°C up to 500°C was studied by using pull-out tests. The effect of high temperatures on mechanical properties of concrete (compressive strength, splitting tensile strength) and tensile strength of BFRP bars was also investigated. The bond strength decreased as the temperature increased and the… More
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  • Dynamic Elastic Modulus and Damping Ratio of Lignin-Modified Loess
  • Abstract To effectively improve the poor engineering properties of loess and enhance its seismic performance, the industrial by-product lignin is used as a modified material. Based on lots of dynamic triaxial tests, the dynamic elastic modulus and damping ratio of lignin-modified loess were tested. The effects of lignin content on the dynamic elastic modulus and damping ratio of lignin-modified loess were analyzed. Combined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), the microscopic mechanism of lignin to improve the dynamic properties of loess was studied. The results show that lignin can effectively modify the dynamic deformation of loess under dynamic… More
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  • Study on the Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage Containing Fe2+ and Mn2+ Using Modified Spontaneous Combustion Gangue
  • Abstract The high concentrations of Fe2+ and Mn2+ in acid mine drainage make it difficult and expensive to treat. It is urgent that we find a cheap and efficient adsorption material to treat Fe2+ and Mn2+. As a solid waste in mining areas, coal gangue occupies a large area and pollutes the surrounding environment during the stacking process. Developing a method of resource utilization is thus a research hotspot. In this study, we modified spontaneous combustion gangue using NaOH, NaCl, and HCl by chemically modifying the minerals. We determined the optimal conditions for treating Fe2+ and Mn2+ in acid mine drainage… More
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  • Bonding Mechanism of Bamboo Particleboards Made by Laccase Treatment
  • Abstract Using 1–8 years bamboo as materials, the content of different chemical constituent was tested, and the reactive oxygen species (ROS) free radicals produced from laccase treated bamboo were detected by electron spin-resonance (ESR) spectroscope. The wet-process particleboard was made from laccase-treated bamboo by hot pressing and board mechanical properties including internal bond strength (IB), modulus of rupture (MOR) and thickness swelling (TS) after 2-hours water absorption were tested under different conditions. Results showed that laccase mainly catalyze the bamboo components and improved the bonding strength of laccase-treated boards. By ESR measurement on each single component such as milled bamboo lignin,… More
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  • Effect of Steam Explosion Technology Main Parameters on Moso Bamboo and Poplar Fiber
  • Abstract One of the large-scale industrial applications of Moso bamboo and poplar in China is the production of standardized fiberboard. When making fiberboard, a steam blasting pretreatment without the addition of traditional adhesives has become increasingly popular because of its environmental friendliness and wide applicability. In this study, the steam explosion pretreatment of Moso bamboo and poplar was conducted. The steam explosion pressure and holding time were varied to determine the influence of these factors on fiber quality by investigating the morphology of the fiber, the mass ratio of the unexploded specimen at the end face, the chemical composition, and the… More
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