Vol.9, No.1, 2021, pp.85-96, doi:10.32604/jrm.2021.011868
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ARTICLE
Water Repellency of Cellulosic Fibrous Mats Impregnated with Organic Solutions Based on Recycled Polystyrene
  • Dafni Foti1, Costas Passialis1, Elias Voulgaridis1, Stergios Adamopoulos2,*
1 Department of Forestry and Natural Environment, Laboratory of Forest Utilization, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
2 Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Linnaeus University, Växjo, Sweden
* Corresponding Author: Stergios Adamopoulos. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Renewable materials for sustainable development)
Received 02 June 2020; Accepted 12 August 2020; Issue published 30 November 2020
Abstract
Recycled polystyrene in combination with paraffin wax, alkyd resin, and gum rosin were used as components in formulations to investigate their water repellency when applied to cellulosic filter paper substrates. Polystyrene was used in concentration of 5, 10, 15 and 20%, alkyd resin and gum rosin of 5% each and paraffin wax of 0.5%. Totally, twenty four water repellent solutions were prepared. Water repellency was evaluated in terms of water absorption of the cellulosic fibrous mats. The relations between retention of solid substances of the formulations and grammage and water absorption of filter paper samples were also determined. The results showed that all the water repellent formulations exhibited a degree of water repellency. Water absorption decreased by increasing the polystyrene concentration in the solution and polystyrene retention by the impregnated filter paper samples. The incorporation of 0.5% paraffin wax improved the hydrophobicity of treated samples. The best of the three water repellent formulations including paraffin wax was found to be the “polystyrene + gum rosin + paraffin wax” solution followed by the “polystyrene + alkyd resin + paraffin wax” and “polystyrene + paraffin wax” solution. The inclusion of 5% gum rosin in polystyrene solutions compared to that of 0.5% paraffin wax was found more effective in almost all cases.
Keywords
Water repellents; polystyrene; gum rosin; alkyd resin; paraffin wax; water absorption
Cite This Article
Foti, D., Passialis, C., Voulgaridis, E., Adamopoulos, S. (2021). Water Repellency of Cellulosic Fibrous Mats Impregnated with Organic Solutions Based on Recycled Polystyrene. Journal of Renewable Materials, 9(1), 85–96.
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