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Mechanical Properties of Lime-Fly Ash-Sulphate Aluminum Cement Stabilized Loess

Liang Jia, Chunxiang Li, Jian Guo*

College of Civil Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, 730050, China

* Corresponding Author: Jian Guo. Email:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2020, 8(10), 1357-1373.


Lime-fly ash stabilized loess has a poor early strength, which results in a later traffic opening time when it is used as road-base materials. Consideration of the significant early strength characteristics of sulphate aluminum cement (SAC), it is always added into the lime-fly ash mixtures to improve the early strength of stabilized loess. However, there is a scarcity of research on the mechanical behavior of lime-fly ash-SAC stabilized loess and there is a lack of quantitative evaluation of loess stabilized with binder materials. This research explored the effects of the amount of binder materials, curing time and porosity on the unconfined compressive strength (UCS), splitting tensile strength (STS), cohesion (c) and friction angle (φ) of lime-fly ash-SAC stabilized loess by a series of unconfined compressive tests (UCT) and splitting tensile tests (STT). The results indicate that an increase in curing time and a decrease in porosity lead to a continuous increase in the UCS and STS for lime-fly ash-SAC stabilized loess. The addition of SAC has a prominent enhancement in the early strength of lime-fly ash-SAC stabilized loess. When the curing time, porosity, and binder content were constant, the UCS and STS increase with increasing SAC content; For a stabilized loess with 30% binder content and 5% SAC content after 1 day of curing, the UCS was greater than 0.7 MPa, which meets the requirement of opening traffic, so lime-fly ash-SAC stabilized loess could be used as an excellent maintenance material for road-base; In accordance with the analysis of testing data, empirical relationships between the UCS and STS of lime-fly-SAC stabilized loess and key effect factors (binder materials content, curing time and porosity) were developed, which can provide references for reasonably selecting the amount of binder materials, compaction degree and curing period to meet the required strength of practical engineering. Finally, based on the Mohr-Coulomb theory and the above empirical relationships, a simpler method for calculating the c and φ of stabilized loess was proposed, with which, the shear strength parameters can be determined only by UCT or STT.


Cite This Article

Jia, L., Li, C., Guo, J. (2020). Mechanical Properties of Lime-Fly Ash-Sulphate Aluminum Cement Stabilized Loess. Journal of Renewable Materials, 8(10), 1357–1373.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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