Table of Content

Open Access

ARTICLE

Polyol Preparation by Liquefaction of Technical Lignins in Crude Glycerol

Louis C. Muller1*, Sanette Marx1, Hermanus C.M. Vosloo2
Energy Systems, School of Chemical and Minerals Engineering, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
Research Focus Area for Chemical Resource Beneficiation: Catalysis and Synthesis Research Group, North-West University, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
*Corresponding author: ,

Journal of Renewable Materials 2017, 5(1), 67-80. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2016.634130

Abstract

This work reports a study of polyol synthesis through liquefaction of technical lignins in crude glycerol by means of 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy. The polyols are intended for preparation of polyurethane foam; thus, it is important to know how different lignin types as well as crude glycerol influence and contribute to the final polyol hydroxyl contents. Polyols prepared from organosolv lignin, kraft lignin and lignosulphonate had hydroxyl numbers suitable for rigid foam of 435, 515 and 529 mgKOH/g, respectively. The polyols differed in composition with glycerol, showing significant variation. During liquefaction the glycerol content was mostly reduced through bonding with lignin, and to a lesser extent monoacylglycerol and diacylglycerol formation through transesterification with fatty acid ethyl esters. It is concluded that crude glycerol can potentially replace petroleum-derived polyols as liquefaction solvent and that different types of technical lignin have a strong impact on the resulting bio-based polyol hydroxyl contents.

Keywords

Lignin, renewable polyols, polyurethane, 31P NMR, biodiesel by-product, pulp and paper by-product

Cite This Article

Muller, L. C., Marx, S., Vosloo, H. C. (2017). Polyol Preparation by Liquefaction of Technical Lignins in Crude Glycerol. Journal of Renewable Materials, 5(1), 67–80.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1827

    View

  • 1305

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Related articles

Share Link

WeChat scan